大学英语四级翻译作文模板
初二 散文 13396字 2116人浏览 CX出升的太阳

1. 中国酒文化 Chinese Wine Culture

中国人在7000年以前就开始用谷物酿酒。总的来说,不管是古代还是现代,酒都和中国文化息息相关。长久以来,中国的酒文化在人们生活中一直扮演着重要的角色。我们的祖先在写诗时以酒助兴,在宴会中和亲朋好友敬酒。作为一种文化形式,酒文化也是普通百姓生活中不可分割的部分,比如生日宴会、送别晚宴、婚礼庆典等。

Chinese people began to make spirits with grains seven thousand years ago. Generally speaking,wine has a close connection with culture in China in both ancient and modern times. Chinese wine culture has been playing a quite important role in Chinese people''s life for a long time. Our Chinese ancestors used wine to enjoy themselves while writing poetry, or to make a toast(敬酒) to their relatives and friends during a feast (宴会). Wine culture, as a kind of culture form, is also an inseparable (不可分割的)part in the life of ordinary Chinese people such as birthday party, farewell (送别)dinner, wedding, and so on..

2. 中国书法Chinese Calligraphy

中国书法历史悠久,它不仅是汉字的传统书写形式,也是体现自我修养和自我表达的艺术。作者的内心世界通过美妙的字体得以体现。书法在中国艺术中拥有举足轻重的地位,因为它影响到了其它的中国艺术形式,比如古典诗歌、雕塑、

传统音乐及舞蹈、建筑及手工艺品。作为传统的艺术瑰宝,中国书法被全世界人民所喜爱,且越来越受到欢迎。

Chinese calligraphy is not only a traditional Chinese characters writing with a long history, but also an art of self-cultivation and

self-expression. Inner world of the writer could be reflected with the help of beautiful Chinese script. Chinese calligraphy plays an important role in Chinese art, for it has influenced other Chinese artistic forms like classical poetry, sculpture, traditional music and dance, architecture and handicrafts. As a treasured artistic form of Chinese culture, Chinese

calligraphy is enjoyed by people throughout the world and is becoming more and more popular.

3。中国山水画Landscape Painting

山水画一直以来都被誉为中国绘画的最高境界。它品味高端,很受欢迎。一般意义上,中国山水画被认为是书法、绘画及诗歌的结合或延伸。汉语“山水”这个词由“山”和“水”两个汉字组成,且与道教的哲学思想相联系,它强调的是人与自然的和谐。中国画家描绘的并不总是真实的世界,他们呈现的是自己想象出来的风景,这些风景不再只是对眼前世界的描绘,而是画家内在思想的写照。因此,人们认为欣赏山水画除了可以很好地了解画家的内心世界之外,还可以净化自己的灵魂。

Landscape painting is traditionally considered as the highest form of Chinese painting styles. It is very popular and is associated with refined scholarly taste. Chinese Landscape painting in general is seen as a combination or extension of calligraphy, painting, and poetry. The

Chinese term for “landscape ” is made up of two characters meaning “mountains and water”. It is linked with the philosophy of Daoism, which emphasizes harmony with the natural world. Chinese artists do not usually paint real place but imaginary landscape which is no longer

about the description of the visible world, but a means of conveying the inner mind. People therefore believe that looking at landscape painting is a good way to realize the artist’s inner heart as well as a way to purify their souls.

4。中国戏曲 Chinese Opera

在中国,戏曲是一种很流行的戏剧形式,一般来说,可以追溯到唐朝时期,当时的皇帝唐玄宗创立了“梨园”。如今,许多外国人也很喜欢中国的戏曲。最吸引他们的则是戏曲的独有风格—画脸谱,它不仅是戏曲中的一大亮点,同时还要求独特的绘画技艺。每个演员脸上夸张的扮相代表其扮演角色的性格和命运。熟知戏曲的观众通过观察演员的脸谱和服装就可以知道角色背后的故事。通常,红色脸谱代表忠诚与勇敢; 黑色代表凶猛; 黄色和白色代表口是心非; 金色和银色代表神秘。7对于中国人,特别是老年人,欣赏戏曲是他们的一大乐趣。

Chinese opera is a popular form of drama in China. In general, it dates back to the Tang Dynasty with Emperor Xuanzong, who founded the “Pear Garden”. Now Chinese opera is warmly welcomed by many foreign people. What appeals foreigners most might be the distinctive style of facial make-up, which is one of the highlights and requires distinctive techniques of painting. Exaggerated designs are painted on each performer''''''''s face to symbolize a character''''''''s personality, and fate. Audiences who are familiar with opera can know the story by observing the facial painting as well as the costumes. Generally, a red face represents loyalty and bravery; a black face, rough ; yellow and

white faces, duplicity; and golden and silver faces, mystery. For Chinese, especially older folks, to listen to opera is a real pleasure.

5。京剧 Peking Opera

京剧是中国的一种传统艺术。它是中国戏曲的一种,诞生于于1790年四大徽班(Four Great Anhui Troupes)入京表演的时候。19世纪中期得到快速发展,到清朝达到全盛阶段。京剧被看成是中国的文化瑰宝之一。虽然它被称为京剧,但是它的起源地却是中国的安徽省和湖北省。京剧起初是一种宫廷表演艺术,而后才慢慢普及到民间。在数百年前,京剧作为一种新的戏曲形式,无论在哪里进行表演,都饱受欢迎。而在现代社会中,包括京剧在内的传统戏曲却不大能被年轻人接受,面临着巨大的生存危机。

Peking opera is a traditional art in China. It is a kind of Chinese opera which was born when the Four Great Anhui Troupes came to Beijing in 1790, arose in the mid-19th century and was extremely popular in the Qing Dynasty. Peking opera is widely regarded as one of the cultural treasures of China. Although it is called Beijing opera, its origins are in the Chinese provinces of Anhui and Hubei. Peking opera was originally staged for the court and came into the public later. Hundreds of years ago, as a new drama form, wherever it was performed, it would be warmly welcomed.. Unfortunately, in the modern world, traditional

operas including Peking Opera have to face the existential crisis, because they are not easily accepted by younger generations.

6。昆曲Kunqu Opera

昆曲是中国古老戏曲中的一种,起源于江苏昆山,拥有600多年的历史。它是连接过去与现在,中国与世界的纽带,对现今中国的戏曲形式,包括川剧与京剧在内,都产生了重要的影响。 昆曲蕴含了各种意象美,从音乐、舞蹈到诗歌,人们的精神世界甚至中国人的灵魂,都有所体现。正因为如此,昆曲在过去广受欢迎,也成了中国文化遗产中最珍贵的部分。但是现在,昆曲不仅面临着来自大众流行文化的挑战,而且年轻人也对其缺乏兴趣。只有进行适当的保护,昆曲才能拥有美好的未来。

Kunqu Opera, which originated in the Kunshan region of Jiangsu province, is one of China’s classical operas with a history of more than

600 years. Kunqu Opera serves as a link between past and present, China and the world. It has exerted a dominant influence on recent forms of opera in China, including the Sichuan and Beijing operas. Kunqu Opera embraced every imaginable beauty, from music and dance, to poetry and people’s spirit world and even very soul of the Chinese nation, so that Kunqu Opera was so popular in the past and became the most valuable parts of China’s cultural heritage. But now, Kunqu Opera is facing competition from mass culture and a lack of interest amongst the young. It can only have a bright future when it is protected in a proper way.

7.唐诗Poems of the Tang Dynasty

唐代,是中国古典诗歌的鼎盛时期,在不到300年的时间里,涌现出了许多著名的诗人和诗作。清朝时编辑的《全唐诗》(Poems of the Tang Dynasty)已收录2200多位诗人创作的48900多首诗歌。这些诗歌让人们深入了解到当时社会生活的各个方面。中国人很喜欢唐诗,就连小孩子也能背出几首,如李白的《静夜思》(Thoughts in the Silent Night),杜甫的《春夜喜雨》(Good Rain on a Spring Night)等等。唐诗不仅是中国古代文学史上最光辉的一页,而且也是人类文化史中的一个奇迹。

The Tang Dynasty witnessed the peak of Chinese ancient poetry, with many renowned poets and famous works appearing over a period of less than 300 years. Poems of the Tang Dynasty edited during the

Qing Dynasty has collected more than 48,900 poems written by over 2,200 poets. These poems provide an insight into all aspects of the social life of the period. Chinese people are very fond of Tang poetry, and even children can recite some from memory, such as Thoughts in the Silent Night by Li Bai, Good Rain on a Spring Night by Du Fu, etc. Tang poetry not only serves as a most brilliant page in the history of ancient Chinese literature, but is also a miracle in the history of human culture. 8。唐诗Poems of the Tang Dynasty

唐代,是中国古典诗歌的鼎盛时期,在不到300年的时间里,涌现出了许多著名的诗人和诗作。清朝时编辑的《全唐诗》(Poems of the Tang Dynasty)已收录2200多位诗人创作的48900多首诗歌。这些诗歌让人们深入了解到当时社会生活的各个方面。中国人很喜欢唐诗,就连小孩子也能背出几首,如李白的《静夜思》(Thoughts in the Silent Night),杜甫的《春夜喜雨》(Good Rain on a Spring Night)等等。唐诗不仅是中国古代文学史上最光辉的一页,而且也是人类文化史中的一个奇迹。

The Tang Dynasty witnessed the peak of Chinese ancient poetry, with many renowned poets and famous works appearing over a period of less than 300 years. Poems of the Tang Dynasty edited during the Qing Dynasty has collected more than 48,900 poems written by over 2,200 poets. These poems provide an insight into all aspects of the social life of the period. Chinese people are very fond of Tang poetry, and even

children can recite some from memory, such as Thoughts in the Silent Night by Li Bai, Good Rain on a Spring Night by Du Fu, etc. Tang poetry not only serves as a most brilliant page in the history of ancient Chinese literature, but is also a miracle in the history of human culture. 9。长城The Great Wall

长城,作为中国的象征之一,不仅是中国的奇迹,也是整个世界的奇迹。它始建于春秋战国时期,秦始皇统一中国后,连结了各段长城以抵御外敌入侵。现存的长城遗迹主要为建于14世纪的明长城。长城有着两千多年的历史,于1987年被联合国教科文组织列为世界遗产。现如今,长城仍是世界上最受欢迎的景点之一。

As one of the symbols of China, the Great Wall is a wonder not only to China but also to the whole world. The Great Wall was first built in the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period. After the

unification of China, the first Emperor of Qin linked up different sections of the walls to prevent the invasion of the enemies. The present

preserved Great Wall of China is the major parts built in the 14th century, called Ming Great Wall. With a long history of more than 2,000 years, the Great Wall of China was listed as World Heritage by UNESCO in 1987. Until now, the Great Wall is still one of the most popular attractions in the world.

10。故宫The Imperial Palace

故宫又名紫禁城,位于北京市中心,占地面积72万平方米。它拥有众多的庭院,四面有高墙和护城河保护。明清两代的皇帝和他们的家眷以及数百名宫女、太监曾在这里居住。紫禁城于明朝1420年建成,普通百姓不能进入。在1924年清朝末代皇帝被逐出故宫后,故宫于1925年变成了故宫博物院并对外开放。

Standing/Lying in the center of Beijing, the Imperial Palace, also

known as the Forbidden City, covers an area of 720,000 square meters. It consists of dozens of courtyards and is protected by high walls and a moat on all four sides. The emperors of two dynasties, the Ming and the Qing, lived here with their families and hundreds of court ladies and palace eunuchs. The Forbidden City was completed in 1420 during the Ming Dynasty, which was not accessible to the common people. The Palace was converted into a museum in 1925 and has been open to the public after the last emperor of the Qing Dynasty was driven out of the Palace in 1924.

We often keep hearing such a saying, “Never give up.” It can be an inspiring term and expression of determination. One who trust it will try to reach his aim no matter how many times he fails. As for me, determining to succeed is a valuable quality to own. Consequently, I am convinced that we should never give up halfway.

One reason is that provided that we abandon too easily, we could hardly realize anything. It is usual for us to fail in our first attempt at something new, so we shouldn’t feel depressed and should try once more. In addition, if we always give up easily when we fail, we will not be able to obtain new skills . Another reason we should never abandon is that we can learn a lesson from our errors. If we do not try once again, the lesson we have gotten is squandered(浪费). At last, we should never give up in that as we try our best to realize our goals, we are becoming more confident, and this confidence can grant(授予,给) us succeed in other fields (领域)of daily life.

In a word, it is essential(必要的) that we do not give up when struggling for our targets. Whether we succeed at last or not, we will learn something, and what we know will help us to become better, more confident. Furthermore(此外), if we give up halfway, we have no opportunities of achieving our goals, but if we keep trying, there is always a chance that we will succeed in the future.

【参考译文】

我们经常不断地听到这样一句说法,“不要放弃”。它是一个令人鼓舞而又充满决心的说法。相信此话的人无论失败多少次都会竭尽全力去实现自己的目标。我认为,下定决心去取得成功是我们具备的一个宝贵的品质。因此,我坚信我不应该半途而废。

其中原因之一是如果我们轻言放弃,那么我们不可能实现任何事情。在我们首次偿试新事物失败的话这是很常见的事,因此我们不应该感到沮丧,而是应该重振其鼓再次偿试。此外,如果我们一失败就轻言放弃,那就不可能获得新的技能。不应该放弃的另外一个原因是我们可以从失败当中吸取教训。如果我们不去再次偿试,我们得到的经验教训也没有用武之地。最后,不该放弃的又一个原因是当我们尽力去实现目标时,我们会变得更加自信,这种自信能够让我们在生活的其它领域获得成功。

总之,当我们为目标而付诸努力时,不去轻言放弃是非常重要的。不管最终我们是否会成功,我们总会学到一些东西。掌握的这些内容会帮助我们变得更好,更自信。此外,如果我们半途而废了,我们就没有机会去实现目标,但是如果我们不断偿试,那将来我们一定会有机会取得成功

Uncivilized Tourists(不文明游客)

Recently, there is a popular saying: the world is so large that I want to have a look! As more and more people travel around during their holidays, tourists have brought large sum of (大量的)money to the local people.

However, too many tourists also bring some problems to the local life. The most serious problem is the pollution caused by the uncivilized tourists. It’s reported that there were thousands of tons of (许多的)rubbish left after the flag-raising ceremony (升旗仪式)on Oct. 1st. The uncivilized tourists left their rubbish wherever they go, polluting the local environment. Another problem is the traffic jam (交通阻塞)caused by so many tourists.

Tourist can promote the economic development of the local areas, but the pollution caused by those uncivilized tourists has brought severe (严峻的)problems. The local tourist authority should set up relative (相关的)laws to protect the environment of the local areas, and every tourist obey (遵守)the laws and help to (有助于)make the places of tourist more beautiful!

We Shouldn't Totally Turn to the Internet

Nowadays, Internet has become an indispensable(不可缺少的)part in our life, and we use it for various purposes, such as searching useful

information and chatting online. However, now more and more people turn to the Internet for help whenever they have trouble in finding

solutions to their problems, and this phenomenon has aroused (唤醒)the public's attention.

Relying on the Internet to solve all our difficulties can have bad impacts (影响) on us. On one hand, since we can always settle the troubles by searching solutions online, we can become very lazy and don't bother to think up answers by ourselves, which can hinder(阻碍) the development of creative thinking. On the other hand, the answers online may be inaccurate or wrong. If we use them without thinking the credibility (正确性) of them, we may make serious mistakes someday. As far as I'm concerned, we shouldn't completely depend on the

Internet to settle problems. When we come across some difficulties, we’d better try our best to find possible solutions. If we make great efforts and still can't come up with an answer, then we can surf online to search solutions. But we should question the correctness of these answers before we adopt(采纳) them.