作文
高二 议论文 12822字 89人浏览 人不狠战不稳22

书面表达中的高级结构

一.高级词汇

1.occur 替换 think of

Suddenly I had an idea that someone had broken into my house. → An idea occurred to me that someone had broken into my house. It occurred to me that someone had broken into my house. 22.devote 替换spend He spends all his spare time in reading. → He devotes all his spare time to reading

2.appreciate 替换thank

Thank you very much for you help. →

We appreciate your help very much. / Your help is much appreciated.

3。more than替换very ① I’m very glad to learn that you are coming in September. →

I’m more than glad to learn that you are coming in September. ( NMET 2003 ) ② If there is anything I can do for you, I would be more than glad to help.(2004全国卷)

4.spare no efforts to do替换try one’s best to do 40.many a 替换many

5.the majority of替换most The majority of (Most of ) the interviewees prefer watching TV at home to going to the cinema.

more than替换very ① I’m very glad to learn that you are coming in September. → I’m more than glad to learn that you are coming in September

6.set aside替换save Some students think that they should set aside some of their pocket money for books. (2004天津卷) 19.be of + n. 替换a dj. The products are of high quality (very good ) and are sold everywhere in China. 20.refer to 替换talk about/of, mention The professor you referred to (talked about ) is very famous.

7round the corner 替换 coming soon/ nearby ① The summer vacation is round the corner ( coming). Do you have any plans? ② Li Ming studies in a school round the corner (nearby)

11.due to替换because of

He arrived late due to ( because of ) the storm.

8.suppose 替换should He is supposed to ( should ) have driven more slowly

9.be of + n. 替换adj.

The products are of high quality (very good ) and are sold everywhere in China.

二.高级句型结构 ◆ It句型 ① It will be + some time + before… It won’t be long before humans visit the Mars. ② It is + adj./n.+ for sb to do sth. It is very important for us to learn computer well, because it has changed our life so much. He said since it was a new model in China, it was impossible to fix it without the right spare parts.(2008年湖北卷) ③ It is + 被强调部分 + that… 1) It is what Yang Liwei has done that encourages us a lot. 2) Those who like reading extensively say it is through reading that we get our knowledge. ◆ more …than any other 表示最高级 Among the optional courses, spoken English and computer study are more popular than any one else. ◆ 名词从句 ① It would mean a great deal to me to listen to the tape and learn 全国卷 Ⅲ ) ◆(非限制性)定语从句 ① The flat is in a building on Fangcao Street. It is not far from Jian-xin Chinese School.→ 北京卷) ① I don’t know about others, but I used to have to work even at weekends ② We’ll mostly stay at home in the evening watching TV, playing 全国卷Ⅱ) people began to run after him. (2004 4 Born in American, Thomas Edison was a great scientist and inven-tor. (2008年湖南卷) ◆ with结构 ① ① The library is to the east of the teaching building. →

② 上海卷) end of the universe.!(2007年湖南卷) ◆ 被动语态 ① Opinions are divided on the question. (NMET 2002) ② All classes are taught by teachers with rich experience in teach-ing foreign students. (2004全国卷 Ⅳ) ③ New factories, houses and roads have been built.(2004 江苏卷) ◆ 巧妙的改写 (4).变换插入语的位置 ① However, they suggest fees should be charged low. → They suggest, however, fees should be charged low. (NMET 2002) ② I think this is a good chance for you to show your singing talent, and how well you’ve learned Chinese. → This is a good chance for you, I think, to show your singing talent, and how well you’ve learned Chinese. (2004 全国卷Ⅰ) (5). 用同位语代替非限制性定语从句 Meimei, who is seven years old, has been learning to ride a bicycle for several days.→ Meimei, a girl of thirteen, has been learning to ride a bicycle for several days. (2002上海卷) Shakespeare, a son from a poor family, a man of little education, wrote plays and poems that are read all over the world. (2008年湖南卷) ◆ 其它 (1)注重句子的开头 ① 用with 复合结构开头 With the sun setting in the west, we had to wave goodbye to the workers. With his help, we've learned how to analyze and settle prob-lems. (2006年湖南卷) With the functions of inserting, deleting, moving and copying, it enables us to edit test, browse web page and download what we want. (2009年江苏卷) ② 用非谓语动词形式开头 ⅰ)In order to improve our English, our school held an English contest. ⅱ)Walking towards the cinema, he met a foreigner. (2)长短句交错使用(注意:应突出主题句;长句子并非越长越好) ◆◆ 相关过渡语 1). 表示时间顺序: first, then, afterwards, meanwhile, later,first of

all, finally, at last… 2). 表示空间顺序: near, next to, far from, in front of, on the left, on one side… 3). 表示比较、对照: like, unlike, such as, but, however, on the other hand, on the contrary, nevertheless, otherwise… 4). 表示因果关系: because, for, as a result, therefore, thus… 5). 表示递进关系: besides, what’s more, what was worse, moreover, furthermore, in addition, on top of… 6). 表示并列关系: and, as well as, also… 7). 表示总结性: in general, in a word, in short, on the whole, to sum up, in brief, to conclude…

高考英语作文常用词汇整理

1. 不可否认It is undeniablethat./There is no denying that.

2. 采取措施 take effectivemeasures to do sth./something effective must be done to.

3. 充分利用 make full use of/take advantage of

4. 大有裨益 do good to/be beneficial to

5. 导致引起 lead to/give rise to/contribute to

6. 对……有害 do harm to/be harmful to

7. 奉献社会 make contributions to society

8. 毫无疑问 Undoubtedly/There ia no doubt that

9. 交流思想 exchange ideas/emotions/information

10. 交流情感 exchange emotions

11. 解压减负 relieve stress/burden

12. 经济负担 financial burden

13. 开阔眼界 widen one's horizen/broaden one's vision

14. 课业负担 too much homework/heavy burden of homework

15. 普遍认为 It is commonly believed /recognized that

16. 恰恰相反 in contrast/on the contrary

17. 热烈讨论 have a heated discussion/debate

18. 投身于 be devoted to

19. 心理负担 psychologicalburden

21. 引起关注 draw public attention

22. 与某相比 compared with/in comparison with

23. 与时俱进 keep pace with times

24. 自然资源 valuable natural resources

27. 把时间精力放在……上 focus one's time and energy on

29. 产生有利影响 have positive effects on

30. 产生不利影响 have negative effects on

31. 持不同态度 hold different attitudes towards this issue

32. 考虑到多方面因素 take many factors into account/consideration

33. 扩大知识面 expand one's scope of knowledge

34. 切实减轻我们的课业负担 effectively reduce our heavy home-work assignments

35. 身心两方面 both physically and mentally

36. 我们生活的各方面 in all aspects of human life

高考英语知识点:英语作文结尾万能公式

1、高考英语作文结尾万能公式一:如此结论

说完了,毕竟要归纳一番,相信各位都有这样的经历,领导长篇大论,到最后终于冒出个“总而言之”之类的话,我们马上停止开小差,等待领导说结束语。也就是说,开头很好,也必然要有一个精彩的结尾,让读者眼前一亮,这样,你就可以拿高分了!比如下面的例子:

Obviously (此为过渡短语), we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others.

如果读者很难“显而见之”,但说无妨,就当读者的眼光太浅罢了!

更多过渡短语:

to sum up、in conclusion、in brief、on account of this、thus 更多句型:

Thus, it can be concluded that…, Therefore, we can find that…

2、高考英语作文结尾万能公式二:如此建议

如果说“如此结论”是结尾最没用的废话,那么“如此建议”应该是最有价值的废话了,因为这里虽然也是废话,但是却用了一个很经典的虚拟语气的句型。

Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem.

高考英语作文常用话题词汇精选

话题一:环境保护

Pollution, protect the environment, give off a bad smell, send out smoke and poisonous gases into the air, pour waste water into the river,

cut down trees, throw litter, sandstorm, global warming, Greenhouse effect, improve the environ-ment, pose a great threat to, be endangered, die out, become extinct, species, be from bad to worse,

话题二:中学生的兴趣爱好

Spare time, hobby, entertainment, be interested in, be fond of, be keen on, have a taste in, read novels, surf the internet, chat online, collect

stamps, doing sports, develop an interest in, play musical instrument... 话题三:友谊

Make friends with, friendship, friendly, trust each other, honesty, be loyal to, keep in touch with, have a lot in

common, share happiness and bitterness with each other, , good-tempered...

A life without a friend is a life without a sun.

...

话题四:劳动、求职与就业

Offer service to, heart and soul, physical labor, mental labor, honorable, earn pocket money, part-time job, full-time job,enlarge one’s knowledge, get working experience, apply for, major in, graduate from, scholarship, be skilled in, confident, experienced, perform well in school, leadership, communicative, cooperative, competitive, diligent...

话题五:中学生的健康问题

physical and mental condition(身体与精神状态), strong(强壮的)overweight/fat(肥胖的), near/short-sighted(近视的), men-tally unhealthy(精神不健全的), normal(正常的), abnormal(不正常的), energetic(精力旺盛的), unhealthy eating habit(不健康的饮食习惯), eat much junk food (吃太多的垃圾食品) 等,stay/keep healthy/fit(保持健康), b uild up one’s body/ improve one’s’ health(强身健体), enough sleep(充足的睡眠), take regular exercise(进行有规律的运动), roper di-et(合理的饮食), good living habits(良好的生活习惯), lose weight(减肥), remove heavy burdens(减轻负担), go on diet(节食), form a … eating ha-bit(养成一个…的饮食习惯) breathe in as much fresh air等。

话题七:校园文明与安全问题

school rules,obey(遵守), keep/obey discipline(遵守纪律), behave well(表现良好),be neatly dressed(穿戴整洁), respect one’s teachers and parents(尊敬师长), be on time(准时), keep the environment clean(保持环境干净), break the rules(违反规章制度), spit(吐痰), throw rubbish everywhere(乱扔垃圾), cheat in the exam(考试作弊), cut in line (插队), fight with sb.(与…打架), punish sb. for (因…处罚某人) 等。the students are told not to break any of the rules of the school. 学校要求学生不要违反任何规章制度。the students are ex-pected to … 学校期望学生…。it must be made clear that the students should … 必须明确的一点是,学生应该…。 … is of no good to a friendly and harmonious socie-ty. …对创建友好和谐的社会是毫无益处的。it is honorable to obey the principles and rules of our school.遵守学校的规章制度是光荣的。it is shameful to … …是可耻的。what w e should do is that … 我们应该做的事情是…

描述此友谊话题时常用的句型有:

1. friends give us … 朋友给予我们…。

2. a good friend is someone you can … 一位好朋友就是一个我们能够…的人。

3. the first time i met …, he was … 当我第一次遇到…的时候,他…。

4. friendship plays an important part in … 友谊在…中扮演一个重要角色。

5. you can … to be a good friend. 你可以…来成为别人的好朋友。 6. we can turn to ... when we feel down. 当我们心情糟糕时,可以求助于…。

7. … makes a good friend. …成就好朋友。

8. a friend in need is a friend indeed. 患难见真知。

9. ... is one of the things people value most in a friend.

… 是人们在朋友身上最重视的东西。

10. … have a friend of … years with sb. … 与… 有着…年的友情。

高考英语作文必背万能句

(一)段首句

1. 关于……人们有不同的观点。一些人认为…… There are different opinions among people as to ____ .Some people suggest that ____. 3.

现在,……,它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。首先,……;其次,……。更为糟糕的是……。 Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life. First, ____ Second,____. What makes things worse is that______.

6.

关于……人们的观点各不相同,一些人认为(说)……,在他们看来,…… People's opinions about ______ vary from person to person. Some people say that ______.To them,_____.

7. 人类正面临着一个严重的问题……,这个问题变得越来越严重。 Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and more serious.

8. ……已成为人的关注的热门话题,特别是在年青人当中,将引发激烈的辩论。 ______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the young and heated debates are right on their way.

9. ……在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用,它给我们带来了许多好处,但同时也引发一些严重的问题。 ______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life.it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.

10.

根据图表/数字/统计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图可以看出……。很显然……,但是为什么呢? According to the fig-

ure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar graph/line/graph,it can be seen that______ while. Obviously,______,but why?

(二)中间段落句

1. 相反,有一些人赞成……,他们相信……,而且,他们认为……。 On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___.At the same time ,they say____.

2.

但是,我认为这不是解决……的好方法,比如……。最糟糕的是……。 But I don"t think it is a very good way to solve ____.For exam-ple ,____.Worst of all,___.

4. 有几个可供我们采纳的方法。首先,我们可以……。 There are sev-eral measures for us to adopt. First, we can______

5.

面临……,我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来……。一方面……,另一方面, Confronted with______,we should take a series of effec-tive measures to______. For one thing,______For another,______

(三)结尾句

1. 至于我,在某种程度上我同意后面的观点,我认为…… As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some extent. I think that ____.

2.

总而言之,整个社会应该密切关注……这个问题。只有这样,我们才能在将来……。 In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of ______.Only in this way can ______in the future. 4.

就我个人而言,我相信……,因此,我坚信美好的未来正等着我们。因为…… Personally, I believe that_____. Consequently, I'm confident that a bright future is awaiting us because______.

6.

至于我(对我来说,就我而言),我认为……更合理。只有这样,我们才能…… For my part, I think it reasonable to_____. Only in this way can you _____.

7. 对我来说,我认为有必要……。原因如下:第一,……;

第二,……;最后……但同样重要的是…… In my opinion, I think it necessary to____. The reasons are as follows. First _____.Second ______. Last but not least,______.

9. 综上所述,我们可以清楚地得出结论…… From what has been dis-cussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the conclusion that____. 10.

如果我们不采取有效的方法,就可能控制不了这种趋势,就会出现一

些意想不到的不良后果,所以,我们应该做的是…… If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do is_____.