大学英语(B级)英语作文
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B 级写作总结

考点要求:主要考察应用性段落或短文的写作。要求考生能运用所学的词汇和语法写出简短的短文:能用英语填写表格,套写便函。简历等。

出题形式:题目中会给出一段汉语说明,要求根据说明书写、套写或填写一篇符合某种应用文体或实用性的段落或短文,包括:名片 贺卡 通知 便条 邀请函及回函 个人简历 私人信函 招聘广告等。

应用文格式

1. 便条:便条是一种简单的书信形式,内容简要,文字紧凑,称呼格式化。便条多数为本人留言,或托人转交,常用便条有请假条和留言条两种。便条包括的内容:收条人,留条人,目的,时间。

Sample

8th Augest

Dear Mary,

I came here to see you because I have something urgent to consult with you, but you’ve happened to be out. I shall be grateful if you can find time to contact me with a call as soon as possible.

Richard

译文:玛丽,我来看你,恰遇你外出。我有急事和你商量。请尽快找个时间和我联系。谢谢你。

理查德

8月8日

2. 通知(告示) (Notice)

布告式通知要注意的几点内容:

⑴ 上方居中写上Notice 或NOTICE 以引人注意。

⑵ 正文的下面右下角写通知单位名称或人名。

⑶ 发出通知的日期放在中文的左下角。

⑷ 正文内容简洁,说清通知内容以及进行活动的时间地点以及参加活动的对象。

⑸ 通知时间地点可运用“There be” 句型 eg. There will be a sales meeting in Room 302 ,at 4:00p.m. on 15th January. 或 A sales meeting will be held „尽可能不用第一人称 We shall hold a sales meeting„(误)

Sample

通 知

应广大学生的要求,学生会邀请著名公司(BSCompany )中国公司的人力资源部Human Resources Department 经理Mrs Tailor来校为全体学生讲座。

内容:如何为应聘面试做准备

时间:5月22日晚 7:00-8:30

地点:多媒体(Muti-media )教学大楼320教室

希望广大学生,特别是即将毕业求职的学生前往听讲

Notice

Mrs Tailor, manager of Human Resources Department of Human Resoures Department of BSC

Company,the famous multinational company in the world, will give a lecture on Preparation for an Interview at 7:00 p.m. on May 22. The lecture that will last one and a half hours will be held in Room 320 of the Multi-media Building. All of the students, especially those who will graduate and apply for jobs are invited to attend the lecture.

The Students’Union

提示:关于书信格式,重点看3中的 ⑴ ⑵ ⑶ 其它内容参看例文。

3. 书信

英文书信通常由6个部分组成:

⑴ 信头:位于信笺的右上角,一般从信笺中间或稍右落笔,先写寄信人的地址,后写日期。(一般公函或商业信函的信纸上都印有单位或公司的名称、地址、电话号码等,因此就只需在信头下面的右边写上写信日期就可以了。)

⑵ 信内地址,即收信人地址:在一般的社交信中,信内收信人的通常省略,但是在公务信函中不能。将收信人的姓名、地址等写在信头日期下方的左下角上。

⑶ 称呼:是写信人对收信人的称呼用语。位置在信内地址下方一、二行的地方,从该行的顶格写起,称呼后面一般用逗号(英式) 。

①写给亲人、亲戚和朋友时,用Dear 加上表示亲属关系的称呼或直呼其名(这里指名字,不是姓氏) 。例如:My dear

Father, Dear Tom等。

②写给公务上的信函用 Dear Sir , Dear Madam 或 Dear Madam or Sir

③写给收信人的信,也可用头衔、职位、职称、学位等再加上姓氏或姓氏和名字。例如,Dear Prof. Robert White, Dear Dr. John Smith.

⑷ 正文位置在下面称呼隔一行,是信的核心部分。和中文信不同的是,正文中一般不用Hello !正文部分应开门见山,说明写信的目的,如果是回信,要先提及对方的来函,答复对方提出的问题和事情,然后再写自己要谈的事情。

正文有缩进式和齐头式两种。每段书信第一行的第一个字母稍稍向右缩进些,通常以五个字母为宜,每段第二行从左面顶格写起,这就是缩进式。但美国人写信各段落往往不用缩进式,用齐头式,即每一行都从左面顶格写起。商务信件大都采用齐头式的写法。

⑸ 结束语:在正文下面的一、二行处,从信纸的中间偏右处开始,第一个词开头要大写,句末用逗号。不同的对象,结束语的写法也不同。

写业务信函用Truly yours(Yours truly), Faithfully\Sincerely yours (Yours faithfully)等。

⑹ 署名:低于结束语一至二行行,从信纸中间偏右的地方开始,在结束语的正下方,在签完名字的下面还要有用打字机打出的名字,以便识别。职务、职称可打在名字的下面。写给亲朋好友的信,就不必再打了。

注意:在三级B 的写作考题中,不加信头、信内地址的书信居多,但考生需了解信头的写法(参看下面所附例文)

Sample:

请以重庆应用技术学院建筑系主任王勇的名义给美国的著名建筑学专家Dr. Robert White 先生写一封邀请函,邀请他于今年十月光临该校讲学,并诚恳地希望他能接受邀请。 收信人地址:State University of New York, 685 Baldy Hall,New York 14260

Chongqing College of Applied Tech

PR. China

May 10, 2003

Dr. Robert White

State University of New York

685 Baldy Hall, New York 14260

U.S.A.

Dear Dr. White,

We are pleased to learn that your work in the field of architecture is well known, and I would like to invite you to our college to give us a lecture in October this year. Architecture has always been the top priority in the Chongqing College of Applied Technology, and we would be honoured to have you speak to us.

I sincerely hope that you could give us a favorable reply at your earliest convenience. We look forward to hearing from you soon.

Sincerely yours

Wang yong

Dean of the Architecture Department

信体一:邀请信

写邀请信开头段的常用语句和套话

I am writing to invite you to…

I wonder if could come ….

I would like you to come ….

How would you like to join us in …?

写邀请信结尾段的常用语句和套话

My family and I would feel honored if you could come …

We would be looking forward to your presence in the party.

I would like to meet you there and please let me know your decision.

I really hope you can make it.

例文

Dear Mr. And Mrs. Smith,

We haven’t seen each other for months. Kate and I would be very happy if you could come to dinner with us on Friday May 2 at six o’clock. Several other old friends will join us. It will be at our house, and there will be a party afterwards, starting at about 8 p.m. You are welcome to stay the night as there is plenty of room, though it would help if you could, let me know in advance. Hope to see you then.

Yours,Li Ming

信体二:感谢信

感谢信开头段常用句式和套语

I am writing to express my thanks for…

I am writing to show my sincere appreciation for…

I would like to convey in this letter my heartfelt thanks to you for…

I am very grateful to you for…

感谢信结尾段常用句式和套语

I must thank you again for your help and kindness.

I am most grateful for your…

Please accept my gratitude(感激) ,now and always.

例文

Dear Mr. Jackson,

I am writing this letter to thank you for the

hospitality you gave me when I stayed in San Francesco.It was the first time I have been to San Francesco. During my stay, you let me live in your house. You gave me some very good advice of where to visit. What is more, at the weekend, you drove me to the Bay Bridge and the Fisherman’ Wharf so that I had a wonderful time in the city.

I sincerely hope someday when you come to

Beijing for a visit someday in the future, I could

repay you for your kindness.

Once again with many thanks. (106词)

Yours sincerely,

Li Ming

信体三:致歉信

致歉信开头段常用句式和套语

I am writing this letter to express my regret…

I am writing to apologize for…

I would like to give you my apology for…

I am very sorry to say that…

I must apologize about (not) doing sth…

Please accept my sincere apology for…

I am writing to say sorry for…

I am terribly sorry , but …

致歉信结尾段常用句式和套语

Once again, I am sorry for any inconvenience caused.

Please allow me to say sorry again.

Please accept my sincere apology.

例文

Dear Tom,

I am overjoyed to know that you are coming to Beijing for a five-day visit and yet I’m terribly sorry to say that I am not able to meet you at the airport on the day of your arrival beacause I have to chair an international meeting that morning.

I hope you will understand me and therefore forgive me. In order that you won’t have any difficulty coming to my house, I have asked a friend of mine named xiao Lin to meet you instead.On the day you arrive, Xiao Lin will wait at the exit and drive you to your hotel.I will call you immediately after the meeting.

Wish you a happy journey.

Yours sincerely,

Li Ming

信体四:申请信或求职信

申请信或求职信开头段常用句式和套话

I write this letter to apply for the position(职位) that you have advertised(登广告) in Beijing Youth on„

I am writing to express my interest in your recently advertised position for a…

I ’ d like to apply for the position advertised by your company in China Daily on(日期) „ I’m interested in the position of your company…

申请信或求职信结尾段常用句式和套话

I hope that you will invite me for an interview. I could give you futher information.

Thank you for considering my application and I am looking forward to meeting you.

The enclosed resume(随信附简历) gives futher details of my qualifications(资格), and I would appreciate it if you could give me an opportunity to have an interview.

例文:2004年6月真题

说明:请以王曼丽的名义写一封求职信。

王曼丽,24岁,毕业于龙江技术学院,主修企业管理,各门课程都优良。学过速记与打字,速度各为每分钟90字和70字。请为她拟出一份ABC 公司的自荐信,希望能在该公司谋得总经理秘书一职。注意写信的格式。写信的日期为2004年6月25日。

Words for reference: 技术学院 Technical College 企业管理 Business Administration 速记与打字 shorthand and typing

June 25th, 2004

ABC Company

Dear Sir or Madam,secretary

I am writing to apply for the post of the secretary to the general manager.

I am 24 years old and graduated from LongJiang Technical College.I major in Business Administration and I have performed in all courses . I have learned shorthand and typing,and the speeds are 90 words per minute and 70 words per minute respectively.

Thank you for considering my application. I am looking forward to hearing from you.

Yours Sincerely,

Wang Manli

以下所列为往年考题,请同学们多留意电子邮件和备忘录(memo)的格式

例文:2005年1月真题

说明:请按照中文提供的信息,将下列内容填入英文表格。

欢迎到西部主题公园来!

公园开发时间为4月到9月,每周7天,从上午1点到下午6点。成人票价15美元,儿童7美元,也可以花28美元买家庭票。每周六周日我们有原始西部表演。表演从下午2点开始,持续两个半小时。星期一至星期五上午8:00,10:00有免费巴士从市区开往公园,节假日和周末全天都有免费巴士从市区开往公园。可以在网上预定门票,也可以电话订票。演出开始前半小时可买到半价票。

Welcome to Wild West Theme Park

Opening months: From April to September

Opening days in a week: Seven days

Opening hours: From 10a.m. to 6p.m.

Time of Wild West Show: Every Saturday and Sunday

Show starts: 2p.m.

Show lasts: 2 hours and a half

Ticket price: Adults $ 15 ; Children $ 7 ; Family Ticket $ 28

Additional information:

1. Bus service

Free buses to the park from downtown from 8:00a.m. to 10a.m. during weekdays and available throughout the day during weekends and holidays.

2. Booking information

Tickets can be booked on line or by phone. (Some) tickets may be available at half price half an hour before the show starts.

例文:2005年6月真题

说明:假定你是王明(中国籍),去海口旅游度假,于2005年6月10日入住白云宾馆3002房间,6月20日离店。临走时添了份调查问卷表。

内容如下:

1. 对酒店的总体管理感到满意。

2. 对酒店提供的各种服务感到满意。

3. 建议:

A. 因酒店位于海边,交通并不方便,周围的商业设施比较少,建议酒店能提供免费班车,方便来海边度假的客人去市区购买所需商品。

B. 建议酒店与相关公司联系,为住店客户提供租车服务。

Words for reference:

Overall 总体(的) commercial 商业(的)

Shuttle bus 班车 related company相关公司

Questionnaire

To improve the quality of our service, we would be grateful if you ’d complete the followin g questionnaire.

Name: WangMing Nationality:

Room number: Check-out Date:

Check-in Date:

Did you receive polite and efficient service when you arrived? yes

Are you satisfied with the room service of our hotel?

What’s your opinion of our health facilities? Good

Please give your impression of our restaurant service.

Have you any other comments to help us make your stay more enjoyable?

Baiyun Hotel

General Manager

I am satisfied with the overall service of the restaurant.

Nevertheless, there are two suggestions for you. First, as your restaurant is by the sea, the travelling is not quite convenient and there are few commercial facilities. So, I advice that you offer free shuttle buses to the customers everyday, which can make it convenient for them to go downtown for some shopping. Second, I hope that the restaurant can contact the related company to provide the customers with car rental.

Baiyun Hotel

General Manager

例文:2006年6月真题(备忘录memo)

说明:假定你是销售部经理John Green,请以John Green的名义

按照下面的格式和内容给本公司其他个部门经理写一个内部通知。

主题:讨论2006年第三季度(the 3rd quarter)销售计划

通知时间:2006年6月16日

内容:本部门已制定2006年第三季度的销售计划。将于2006年6

月19日下午1:00在本公司会议室开会,讨论这一计划。并希望

各部门经理前来参加。如不能提前到会,请提前告知本部门

Words for reference: 告知notify; 提前 in

advance

SALES DEPARTMENT

MEMO

DATE:______________________

TO:Director/Manager of every department

FROM: John Green, Sales Manager

SUBJECT: Our department has made a sales

plan for the 3rd quarter of 2006. It is going to

hold a meeting to discuss it in the Meeting Room

of the company at 1:00 p.m., on June 19th. We

hope that the director or manager of every

department will attend. If you cannot be present,

please notify our secretary in advance. Thank

you.

例文:2005年12月真题(电子邮件)

说明:根据下列内容写一份电子邮件。

发件人:John Smith(js456@163.com)

收件人:假日酒店(电子邮箱marketing@expedia.com)

发件世间:12月10日

事由:

1. 因行程改变,取消12月5日以John Smith的名义在贵酒店预定的12月12日到15日的两个单人房间

2. 表示歉意,并询问是否需支付违约金。

3. 要求回信确认。

Words for reference:

违约金cancellation penalty假日酒店Holiday Inn以„的名义in the name of 确认confirm

E-mail Message

To:

From;

Date:

Subject:Cancellation of Hotel Booking

Dear Sir or Madam,

I am writing to inform you that

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

because of the change of my travel route,I want to cancel the two single rooms from December 12th to 15th which were booked at Holiday Inn in the name of John Smith on December 5th. I am very sorry about that and I wonder if I should pay the cacellation penalty. Please

write in return to confirm it.

I am looking forward to your reply.

Yours faithfully,

John Smith