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【全国卷I 】

高考作文写作素材(一)常用英语句型及短语:

1、学校生活及学习成绩

be getting on well with one’s study某人的学习越来越好

take several courses at school在学校学若干门课程

put one’s heart into…专心于; 致力于 be interested in …对。。。感兴趣 be fond of 喜欢。。。

be good at …;/ do well in …; 擅长。。。 be poor at …; / be weak in …某方面差 do well in …;

make progress in …;取得进步 fail in …做。。。失败’ be tired of …’厌烦了。。。

pass the examination; 通过考试 give sb. a passing grade;让某人及格 major in history 主修历史

He has the best record in school. 他的成绩最棒。 get a doctor’s degree 获得博士学位

be more interesting to sb.更让某人感兴趣 learn about; 了解

succeed in…; 成功做成。。。

be active in class (work); 课堂活跃 take an active part in …; 积极参与 learn… by heart; 牢记。。。

work out a (maths) problem; 做出。。。题 improve oneself in …;在某方面提高自己 get 90 marks for (English); 英语考了90分 g et an “A” in the exam; 考试得了A

lay a good foundation in (language study) 在某方面有良好的基础

2、师生关系

get on well with sb; 和某人相处融洽 like to be with students;喜欢和学生相处 be gentle with us; 对某人温和 be kind to sb; 对某人友好

be a strict teacher; 是个严格的老师 be strict with one’s pupils; 对学生严格 be strict in work 对工作严格

We think of him (her) as …; 认为某人是。。。 help sb with sth; 帮助某人某事

praise sb for sth …;因某事表演某人 blame sb for sth.. 因某事责备某人 give advice on …;就某事提出建议 question sb on …就某事提出疑问 be satisfied with …对某事满意 teach sb to do sth. 教某人做某事

devote all one’s time to work; 把所有时间花在工作上

admire (sb.for) his devotion to the cause of education

佩服他对于教育事业的献身精神。

3、课余活动及周末生活

spend one’s time in many different ways;把时间花在各个方面

enjoy doing things by oneself; 自得其乐 go for an outing; 外出旅行/散步 have an outing at (the seashore); see the sights of Beijing; 在北京观光 play the piano (violin);弹钢琴

play chess (basketball); 下棋

have dances on weekends; 举行周末舞会

have a picnic over the weekend; 举行周末野炊 go to the cinema; 看电影 have a party; 举行宴会

hold a sports meeting;举行运动会 do some reading; 看书

help sb do sth; 帮助某人某事 enjoy a family trip;进行家庭旅行

get everything ready for;为某事做好准备

ride one’s bike with sb.to(the park);和某人骑车去某地

There are a lot of activities at (the beach).在某地有很多活动

It was a very relaxing Sunday. 是个令人惬意的星期天

There are good programmes on TV on weekends.

4、彼此沟通信息

take a message for sb; 给某人带信息 send a message to sb;给某人发信息 hear from sb; 受到某人来信

talk about/of sth; 谈论某人/ 某事

get information about…;得到有关某事的信息

express one’s idea (feelings) in English 用英语表达自己

Write sb a letter saying…给某人写信说... , apologize to sb for…为某事向某人道歉 thank sb for …; 因某事感谢某人

make a speech t at the meeting;在会上发言 explain sth to sb; 向某人解释某事 look upon sb as …; 把某人看成是。。。 think sb to be …;认为某人是。。。

take sb’s side 支持某人,站在某人一边

5、事件中人的态度

would like to do;

allow sb to do;允许某人做某事

keep sb from doing (prevent sb. from doing);阻止某人做某事

call on sb to do; 号召某人做某事

be afraid to do (be afraid of …);不敢做某事 fee like doing; 想做某事

insist on doing; 坚持要求做某事 drive sb. off;赶走某人

speak highly of sb; / think highly of sb;对某人评价很高 speak ill of sb; 说某人的坏话 force sb to do; 强迫某人做某事 offer to do; 主动要求做某事 refuse to do; 拒绝做某事 agree to do;同意做某事

regret doing;后悔做了某事 prefer to do A rather than do B; had better do;

would rather (not) do. 6、事情过程

have the habit of doing…; 有。。。习惯 have no trouble doing;做某事没困难

make up one’s mind to do;下定决心做某事 give up doing…; 放弃某事 do sth as usual; 和平常一样 do what he wants us to do; set about doing;开始做某事

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try one’s best to do…尽力去做。。。 get into trouble; 有麻烦

help sb out; 帮助某人渡过难关

do one’s bit for New China;为新中国尽力 wait for sb to do;等候某人做某事 find a way to do; 找到解决办法 make friends with sb;和某人交朋友

show (tell) sb. how to do…; 向某人演示如何做某事 take (send) sb to …;带/ 派某人去做某事 pass the time doing; 做某事来消磨时间 can’t help doing…; 忍不住想。。。

do some good deeds to people; 为人民做好事

Some are doing A, others are doing B, and still others are doing C.

7、感观活动与思维活动 catch sight of …; 看见 take a look at …; 看一看

hear sb do (doing); 听见某人做某事 take notice of …; 注意到。。。 take view of …;重视某事

have a good understanding of …; 更好的了解 consider sb (sth) to be …; 认为某人/事是。。。 come to know…; 逐渐了解 realize that …; 意识到 know that +从句

8、情感与欲望

be pleased with …; 对某人/事满意/高兴 be delighted in doing…;很高兴佐某事 take a pleasure in doing; 乐于做某事 be worried about;为某事担忧

feel surprised at …为某事感到惊奇 be sorry for …;

be angry with sb for sth; 因某事生某人的气 be angry about …(为某事生气) ; look forward to doing…; wish to do; expect to do;

long for (long to do); 渴望(做)某事 be sick for one’s home; 想家

have a strong desire to do …;极想做某事 9、健康状况及治疗

be in good shape; / be in good (poor )health; 身体健康

feel weak (well, terrible, sick); 感到身体欠佳 have got a high (slight ) fever; 有轻微的发烧 have a slight (bad) cold; 有轻微的感冒 take one’s temperature; 量体温 have got a pain in …; 哪儿疼

be good (bad) for one’s health(eyes);对。。。不好 It’s nothing serious. 没什么严重的 stay in bed until…; 卧床休息直到 save one’s life营救某人 10、其它

It (take)sb. some time to do…;做某事花费某人多少时间

It is said that …; 据说。。 be fit for; 适合 be short of; 缺少 be well dressed;

miss the lecture (train); change…into…; waste time doing;

spend time doing; be busy doing;

have no choice but to do; I can’t help it. be in need of…;

be mistaken about …; fall behind…; catch up with;

on behalf of; 代表。。。 instead of;

be welcome to do…;

Running, biking and swimming are popular in summer.

Skiing and skating are my favorite winter sports.

11、信件开头常用语

You letter came to me this morning.

I have received your letter of July the 20th.

I’m writing to you about the lecture to be given next Monday.

I’m writing to ask if you can come next week.

How time flies! It’s three months since I saw you last.

Thank you for your letter.

In reply to your letter about (the exhibition this year)…;

Let me tell you that… 12、信件结尾常用语

Please remember me to your whole family. Give my best regards (wishes) to your mother. Best wishes. With love.

Wish you a pleasant journey.

Wish you success. Wish you the best of health. (luck)

Looking forward to your next visit to China.

Looking forward to the pleasure of meeting you.

Expecting to hear from you as soon as possible.

13、问路和应答

Go down this street

Turn night/left at the first crossing It’s about…meters from here You can’t miss it

In front of behind at/a the corner(不用in) Pass two blocks

高考作文写作素材 (二)高考英语作文热点话题词汇

话题一:中学生的爱好与兴趣

Spare time(业余时间), favorite(最喜欢的), Interest(兴趣), hobby(爱好),

appetite(嗜好), taste(口味), read novels(看小说),

play football/basketball(打足球/篮球), surf the internet(上网),

chat online(在线聊天), play games(玩游戏), collect stamps(集邮),

make e-friends(交网友), climb mountains(爬山), watch TV(看电视),

enjoy popular music(喜欢流行音乐), be interested in(对…感兴趣),

develop an interest in(在…方面发展兴趣), be fond of(喜欢…),

be keen on(喜欢…), have love for(喜爱…), have

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a taste in(对…有兴趣) 话题二:劳动与劳动观念 Work(工作), be at work(在工作), work hard(努力工作), produce(生产), labor force(劳动力), labor(劳动), voluntary labor(义务劳动) , serve the people(为人民服务) , heart and soul(全心全意) , physical labor(体力劳动), mental labor(脑力劳动), labor viewpoint(劳动观念), labor Day(劳动节), means of labor(劳动方式), honorable(光荣的), be devoted to(奉献于..), value(价值), earn money(赚钱) , personal interests(个人利益) 等。 话题三:创建和谐社会 harmonious(和谐的), friendly(友好的), civilized(文明的), honest(真诚的), credible (诚信的), be public-spirited(有公德心的), balanced(平衡的), be in order(有序的), peaceful(和平的), live in harmony(生活和谐), sustainable development(可持续发展) 等, care for each other(互相关心), have deep love for (热爱), be concerned with (关心), build(创建), cherish(珍惜), take an active part in(积极参与), save energy(节省能源) pay attention to social moral(讲究社会公德), protect the environment(保护环境), No pains, no gains. 不劳无获。 …can be achieved by hard wok. …可以通过劳动获得。 It is difficult to find work in the present situation. 在当前形势下,很难找到工作。 It is honorable to … …是光荣的。 If everyone … for others and the society, our world will be … 如果每个人为他人和社会做…, 我们这个世界将会…。 Every one should … and devotes himself to building our motherland into a strong country.每个人应该 …,为把我们祖国建设成为一个强壮的国家而奉献自 己的力量。 话题四:招聘与求职 employ(雇佣), look for(寻找), take in(吸纳), full-time(全职的), part-time(兼职的), well-paid(薪水高的), be paid by the hour(按小时发工资), requirement(要求), résumé(个人履历), schooling(受教育情况), subjects(课程), working experience(工作经历), qualification(合格证明), transcript (成绩单), health(健康状况), present address(现在通讯地址) 等, apply for(申请…), graduate from(毕业于), major in(以…为专业), degree(学位), scholarship(奖学金), good grades(良好的成绩), hobby(爱好), favorite(最喜欢的), be skilled in(在…方面熟练), be good at(擅长…), experienced(有经验的), confident(自信的), English and computer ability(英语和计算机能力), healthy(健康的) 等。 话题五:中学生的健康问题

Physical and mental condition(身体与精神状态), strong(强壮的), un/healthy(不健康/健康的), overweight/fat(肥胖的), thin(瘦的), near/short-sighted(近视的), mentally unhealthy(精神不健全的), normal(正常的), abnormal(不正常的), energetic(精力旺盛的), unhealthy eating habit(不健康的饮食习惯), go on diet(节食), eat much junk food (吃太多的垃圾食品) 等, nutrition(营养), Stay/keep healthy/fit(保持健康), enough sleep(充足的睡眠), build up one’s body/ improve one’s' health(强身健体), take regular exercise(进行有规律的运动), proper diet(合理的饮食), good living habits(良好的生活习惯), lose weight(减肥), remove heavy burdens(减轻负担), be good for/do good to(对…有益处), form a … eating habit(养成一个…的饮食习惯) Breathe in as much fresh air等。 话题六:环境保护 pollute (污染), Waste is scattering here and there.(到处撒满了废弃物), protect the environment(保护环境) , send out smoke and poisonous gases into the air(散发出烟和有毒气体), cut down trees(砍伐树木) , pour waste water into the rivers(把废水注入河流), It is a shame to throw rubbish around. (乱扔垃圾是可耻的), form good habits to protect the surroundings(养成良好的习惯来保护环境), take active measures to protect rare animals(采取积极措施保护稀有动物) , take good care of our forests(关心我们的森林), plant more trees to improve the environment (多植来改善环境),

The terrible pollution have done great harm to us as well as to the surroundings. (可怕的污染已经给我们自己还有我们的环境带来了很大的危害。)

话题七:校园文明与安全问题 school rules and regulations(学校规章制度), obey(遵守), observe(遵守), keep/observe discipline(遵守纪律), behave well(表现良好), be neatly dressed(穿戴整洁), be on time(准时), civilized(文明的) respect one’s teachers and parents(尊敬师长), keep the environment clean(保持环境干净), break the rules(违反规章制度), discipline(纪律), spit(吐痰), throw rubbish everywhere(乱扔垃圾), cheat in the exam(考试作弊),

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get in line (插队), fight with sb.(与…打架), punish sb. for (因…处罚某人)

The students are told not to break any of the rules of the school.

学校要求学生不要违反任何规章制度。

The students are expected to … 学校期望学生…。 It must be made clear that the students should 必须明确的一点是,学生应该…。

is of no good to a friendly and harmonious society. …对创建友好和谐的社会是毫无益处的。

It is honorable to obey the principles and rules of our school.

遵守学校的规章制度是光荣的。

It is worthy of praise to ... …是值得表扬的。 It is shameful to … …是可耻的。

What we should do is that … 我们应该做的事情是… 话题八:友谊

get to know sb.(认识某人), know sb. really well(熟知某人),

make friends with sb.(和某人交朋友), a strong personality (一个很强的个性),

personal matters(隐私), friendship(友谊), friendly(友好的),

a close friend(一个亲密的朋友), trust each other (相互信任),

precious(珍贵的), worthy(有价值的), understanding(通情达理的),

share …with sb.(与…分享…), be loyal to(对…忠诚),

keep in touch with sb. (与…保持联系), keep company with sb.(和…结交),

stay best friends with sb. (和…保持很好的友谊) Friends give us … 朋友给予我们…。

A good friend is someone you can … 一位好朋友就是一个我们能够…的人

The first time I met …, he was … 当我第一次遇到…的时候,他…。

Friendship plays an important part in … 友谊在…中扮演一个重要角色。

You can … to be a good friend. 你可以…来成为别人的好朋友。

We can turn to ... when we feel down. 当我们心情糟糕时,可以求助于…

… makes a good friend. …成就好朋友。

A friend in need is a friend indeed. 患难见真知。 ... is one of the things people value most in a friend. … 是人们在朋友身上最重视的东西。

… have a friend of … years with sb. … 与… 有着…年的友情。

高考作文写作素材(四)-----过渡词

过渡词是一种关系指引词,一般由副词或起副词作用的短语承担。此外,代

词、连词、上下文的近义词等也可作过渡词。过渡词能使文章启、承、转、

合,融会贯通,连成一体。 过渡词的分类

1. 根据意思和作用的不同,过渡词可以分为以下十五类:

(1)表并列关系的过渡词:

and,/ also,/ as well,/ as well as,/ or,/ too,/ not only…but also,/

both … and, / either … or, / neither…nor

(2)表递进关系的过渡词:

besides ,/ in addition (加之,除……之外),/ moreover(此外,而且),/ what’s more(更着,甚着),/ what’s worse/ worse still(更糟的是)

(3)表转折对比的过渡词:

but, / however,/ yet, / instead,/ on the other hand, / on the contrary(相反)/

, although, / different from, / despite,/ in spite of,/ whereas (然而,但是)

/ unlike,/ nevertheless (然而,不过), / the former…the latter,/

on one hand … on the other hand, / some…others (4)表原因的过渡词:

because, /because of, /since, /as, /for, /now that (既然)/, thanks to ,/ due to(由于)

(5)表结果的过渡词:

so, / thus, / therefore, / as a result,/ so that, / then, / thereby(因此),/

hence (因此/此次),/ so…that, / such…that (6)表条件的过渡词:

if, / unless, / on condition that(条件是)/, as/so long as (只要)

(7)表时间的过渡词:

when,/ while,/ after,/ before, / until, / as soon as,/ later, / afterwards, / soon,

/lately, / recently, / since, / from then on, / eventually,/ in the meantime (同时), / then, / suddenly,/ at the same time, / next,/ early this morning

/ year / century, / after a while, / in a few days,/ now , / presently,/ finally,

/at last, / all of a sudden, / form now on, / at present, / immediately,/ the moment

(8)表特定的顺序关系的过渡词:

first,/ firstly,/ second, / secondly,/ third,/ thirdly, / above all,/ first of all,

/then, / next, / finally,/ in the end, / at last, / afterward(s)(后来), /meanwhile (几乎同时), /thereafter(在那以后), / last,/ finally , / eventually(终于)

(9)表换一种方式表达的过渡词:

in other words, /that is to say,/ to put it another way (10)表进行举例说明的过渡词:

for instance, / for example, / like, / such as (11)表陈述事实的过渡词:

in fact,/ actually, / as a matter of fact, / to tell you the truth

(12)表强调的过渡词:

certainly,/ indeed, / above all, / surely, / most important,/ in fact, /no doubt,

/without any doubt,/ truly, / obviously (13)表比较的过渡词:

like,/ unlike, / in the same way,/ similarly,/ similar to

(14)表目的的过渡词:

for this reason, / for this purpose, / so that,/ in order to, / so as to

(15)表总结的过渡词:

in a word(总之,简言之),/ in general,/ in short(总之),/

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above all, /after all,

/ generally speaking, / to sum up (总而言之,总之),/ finally,/

in conclusion(最后),/ at last,

2. 文章段落之间的逻辑关系主要由过渡词来完成,在修辞中称为启、承、转、

合。“启”就是开头, “承”是承接,“转”是转折,“合”是综合或总结。

(1)用于“启”的过渡词语 用于表示“启”的过渡词或过渡性的语句通常用在段落 或文章的开头:

first,/ first of all, / at first, / in the first place, / firstly, / to being with, /

to start with,/ recently, / now, / at present,/ in recent years, / in general,

/generally speaking, / at present,/ lately,/ currently,

It is often said that…, As the proverb says…,

It goes without saying that…, It is clear/obvious that…, Many people often ask …

(2)用于“承”的过渡词语 表示“承”的过渡词或过渡性的语句通常用在段落中的 第一个扩展句中:

second, / similarly, / in addition,/ besides, / then,/ furthermore,

/moreover,/ what is more,/ what is worse, / for example, / for instance,

/ certainly, / surely, / obviously, in other words, / especially, / particularly,

/ in particular, / indeed, / still,/ third,/ truly, /in fact,/ at the same time,/ no doubt, It is true that…,

Ever ybody knows that…,

It can be easily proved that…, No one can deny that…

The reason why …is that …, There is no doubt that…,

To take…for an example (instance) …, We know that…,

What is more serious is that…

(3)用于“转”的过渡词语 用于“转”的过渡词或过渡性的语句通常用在段落中的 第二个扩展句中:

but,/ however, / on the other hand, / on the contrary , / in contrast with /

in any case, / at any rate(无论如何), / nevertheless(虽然如此),/ otherwise,

or, / or else, / while,/ whereas, / despite, / in spite of ...,/ yet,/ instead, I do not believe that…, Perhaps you’ll ask why…

This may be true, but we still have a problem with regard to…,

Though we are in basic agreement with …, yet differences will be found, That’s why I feel that… (4)用于“合”的过渡词语 用于“合”的过渡词或过渡性的语句通常用在段落的

结论句或文章的结论段中:

in a word, / in general, / in short, / above all,/ after all, / generally speaking,

/ to sum up,/ finally, / in conclusion, / at last,/ therefore,/ as a result,

/ thus, /eventually, /hence, / on the whole(就整体而言), / in sum(总之)

From this point of view …

On account of this we can find that … The result is dependent on …

Thus, this is the reason why we must… 高考作文写作素材(五)-----写作经典句式

以下是短文写作中使用率最高、覆盖面最广的基本句式,每组句式的功能相同或

相似,考生可根据自己的情况选择其中的1-2个,做到能够熟练正确地仿写或 套用。

1、表示原因

1)There are three reasons for this. 2)The reasons for this are as follows. 3)The reason for this is obvious.

4)The reason for this is not far to seek. 5)The reason for this is that...

6)We have good reason to believe that... 例如:

There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life.

Firstly ,people’s living standard has been greatly improved. Secondly,most

people are well paid, and they can afford what they need or like. Last but not

least ,more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life.

注:如考生写第一个句子没有把握,可将其改写成两个句子。如:Great changes

have taken place in our life. There are three reasons for this.这样写可以避免 套用中的表达失误。 2. 表示好处

1)It has the following advantages. 2)It does us a lot of good. 3)It benefits us quite a lot. 4)It is beneficial to us.

5)It is of great benefit to us. 例如:

Books are like friends. They can help us know the world better,and they can

open our minds and widen our horizons. Therefore,reading extensively is of great benefit to us. 3. 表示坏处

1)It has more disadvantages than advantages. 2)It does us much harm. 3)It is harmful to us. 例如:

However ,everything divides into two. Television can also be harmful to us. It

can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching television.

4. 表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能

1)It is important(necessary ,difficult ,convenient , possible )for sb.to do sth.

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2)We think it necessary to do sth. 3)It plays an important role in our life. 例如:

Computers are now being used everywhere,whether in the government,in

schools or in business. Soon , computers will be found in every home,too.

We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly

important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age. 5. 表示措施

1)We should take some effective measures.

2)We should try our best to overcome(conquer )the difficulties.

3)We should do our utmost in doing sth.

4)We should solve the problems that we are confronted (faced )with. 例如:

The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more

serious. Therefore ,we must take some effective measures to solve it. 6. 表示变化

1)Some changes have taken place in the past five years.

2)A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications.

3)The computer has brought about many changes in education. 例如:

Some changes have taken place in pe ople’s diet in the past five years. The

major reasons for these changes are not far to seek. Nowadays ,more and

more people are switching from grain to meat for protein ,and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins. 7. 表示事实、现状

1)We cannot ignore the fact that... 2)No one can deny the fact that... 3)There is no denying the fact that...

4)This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in.

5)However ,that’s not the case. 例如:

We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of

pollution. To solve these problems, we can start by educating the public about

the hazards of pollution. The government on its part should also design

stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment. 8. 表示比较

1)Compared with A,B...

2)I prefer to read rather than watch TV.

3)There is a striking contrast between them. 例如:

Compared with cars ,bicycles have several advantages besides being

affordable. Firstly ,they do not consume natural resources of petroleum.

Secondly ,they do not cause the pollution problem .Last but not least,they

contribute to people’s health by giving them due physical exercise. 9. 表示数量

1)It has increased(decreased )from...to...

2)The population in this city has now increased (decreased )to 800,000.

3)The output of July in this factory increased by 15% compared with that of January. 例如:

With the improvement of the living standard ,the proportion of people’s income

spent on food has decreased while that spent on education has increased. 再如:

From the graph listed above ,it can be seen that student use of computers has

increased from an average of less than two hours per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 2000. 10. 表示看法

1)People have (take ,adopt ,assume )different attitudes towards sth.

2)People have different opinions on this problem. 3)People take different views of(on )the question. 4)Some people believe that...Others argue that... 例如:

People have different attitudes towards failure. Some believe that failure leads

to success. Every failure they experience translates into a greater chance of

success at their renewed endeavor. However , others are easily discouraged

by failures and put themselves into the category of losers. 再如:

Do “lucky numbers really bring good luck ?Different people have different views on it.

注:一个段落有时很适宜以问句开始,考生应掌握这一写作方法。 11. 表示结论

1)In short,it can be said that ...

2)It may be briefly summed up as follows.

3)From what has been mentioned above ,we can come to the conclusion that ... 例如:

From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that

examination is necessary ,however , its method should be improved.

注:例句1可用于任何一个段落的结论句;例句3则多用文章结论段的第一句。 12. 套语

1)It’s well known to us that ... 2)As is known to us,...

3)This is a topic that is being widely talked about. 4)From the graph(table ,chart )listed above,it can be seen that ...

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5)As a proverb says,“Where there is a will,there is a way. 例如:

As is well known to us,it is important for the students to know the world outside

campus. The reason for this is obvious. Nowadays,the society is changing and

developing rapidly ,and the campus is no longer an “ivory tower. As college

students ,we must get in touch with the world outside the campus. Only in this

way can we adapt ourselves to the society quickly after we graduate. 再如:

Does it pay to be honest?This is a topic that is being widely talked about and

different people have different opinions on it.

高考作文写作素材(六)-----英文作文52活用句型 I 、. 用于文章主题句 1. 不用说¸…

It goes without saying that子句 = (It is) needless to say (that)子句 = It is obvious that子句 = Obviously, S. + V.

例︰不用说早睡早起是值得的。

It goes without saying that it pays to keep early hours. 2. …是不可能的; 无法… There is no Ving

= There is no way of Ving.

= There is no possibility of Ving. = It is impossible to V.

= It is out of the question to V. = No one can V. = We cannot V. 例︰不可否认的¸成功的事业关键在于健康的身心。 There is not denying that successful business lies in a healthy body and mind. 3. 我深信…

I am greatly convinced (that)子句 = I am greatly assured (that)子句 例︰我深信预防是于治疗。

I am greatly convinced that prevention is better than cure.

4. 在各种…之中¸…

Among various kinds of …, … = Of all the …, … 例︰在各种运动中¸我尤其喜欢慢跑。

Among various kinds of sports, I like jogging in particular.

5. …是很容易证明的。

It can be easily proved (that)子句 例︰时间最珍贵是很容易证明的。

It can be easily proved that nothing is more precious than time

6. …无论如何强调都不为过 … cannot be overemphasized

例︰交通安全的重要性无论如何强调都不为过。

The importance of traffic safety cannot be overemphasized.

7. 就我的看法¸…;我认为… In my opinion, … = To my mind, ….

= As far as I am concerned, … = I am of the opinion that子句 例︰就我的看法¸打电动玩具既花费时间也有害健康。 In my opinion, playing video games not only takes much time but is also harmful to health.

8. (A) 每个人都知道…

Everyone knows (that)子句 (B) 就我所知¸…

As far as my knowledge is concerned, … 例︰就我所知¸下列方法对我帮助很大。

As far as my knowledge is concerned, the following ways are of great help to me. 9. 毫无疑问地¸…

There is no doubt (that)子句 例︰毫无疑问地¸近视在我国的年轻人中是一个严重的问题。

There is no doubt that near-sightedness is a serious problem among the youth of our country.

10. 根据我个人经验¸…

According to my personal experience, … = Based on my personal experience, … 例︰根据我个人经验¸微笑已带给我许多好处。

According to my personal experience, smile has done me a lot of good.

11. 在我认识的人当中¸也许没有一个人比…更值得我尊敬。

Of all the people I know , perhaps non deserves my respect more than … 例︰在我认识的人当中¸也许没有一个人比我的英文老师张老师更值得我尊敬。

Of all the people I know , perhaps non deserves my respect more than

Miss Chang, my English teacher. 12. 在我的求学过程中¸我忘不了…

In the course of my schooling. I will never forget … 例︰在我的求学过程中¸我忘不了学习英文所遭到的大困难。

In the course of my schooling. I will never forget the great difficulty I

encountered in learning English. 13. (A) 随着人口的增加¸…

With the increase/growth of the population, … (B) 随着科技的进步, …

With the advance of science and technology, … 例︰随着台湾经济的快速发展¸许多社会问题产生了。 With the rapid development of T aiwan's economy, a lot of social problems have come to pass.

14. (A) 在这信息的年代¸…扮演重要的角色。

In the age of information and communication, … plays an important role.

(B) 在今日工业社会中¸…是生命不可或缺的。

In today's industrial society, … is indispensable to life. 例︰在这信息的年代¸计算机扮演非常重要的角色。 In this age of information and communication, the computer plays an

extremely important role.

15. 在讨论…¸一个人不得不承认…。

In dealing with …, one cannot but admit (that)子句 例︰在讨论未来的职业¸一个人不得不承认尽早决定未

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来的职业很重要。

In dealing with one's future career, one cannot but admit that it is very

important to decide one's future career as early as possible.

16. 世上没有什么比…更令我高兴。

Nothing in the world can delight me so much as … 例︰世上没有什么比到快餐店吃汉堡更令我高兴。 Nothing in the world can delight me so much as having hamburgers in fast-food restaurants.

17. … 是必要/重要/适当/紧急的

It is necessary/ important/essential proper / urgent that S (should) V

例︰我们当保持公共场所清洁是应当的。

It is proper that we (should) keep the public places clean.

18. 每当我听到…¸我就忍不住感到兴奋。

Whenever I hear …, I cannot but feel excited. 每当我做…¸ 我就忍不住感到悲伤。 Whenever I do …, I cannot but feel sad. 每当我想到…¸我就忍不住感到紧张。

Whenever I think of …, I cannot but feel nervous. 每当我遭遇…¸我就忍不住感到害怕。

Whenev er I meet with …, I cannot but feel frightened. 每当我看到… 我就忍不住感到惊讶。

Whenever I see …, I cannot but feel surprised. 例︰每当我想到我家附近那一条清澈的小溪¸我就忍不住感到悲伤。

Whenever I think of the clean brook near my home, I cannot but feel sad.

= Every time I think of the clean brook near my home, I cannot help feeling sad.

19. 据说… It is said (that)子句 一般认为… It is thought (that)子句 大家都知道… It is known (that)子句 据报导… It is reported (that)子句 一般预料… It is expected (that)子句 一般估计… It is estimated (that)子句 一般相信… It is believed (that)子句

例︰一般相信阅读增加我们的知识、扩大我们的心胸。 It is believed (that) reading increases our knowledge and broadens our mind. 20. …的主要理由是…

The main reason why ….. is (that)子句

例︰青少年犯罪的主要理由是社会环境日一败坏。 The main reason why the juveniles commit crimes is that social environment is becoming worse. 21. 俗语说得好:「…」。 Well goes an old saying, "…"

= As an old saying goes(runs, says), "…" = An old saying goes, "…" = It's an old saying (that)子句 例︰俗话说得好:「诚实为上策」。

As an old saying goes, "Honesty is the best policy." 22. (A) …用下列方法… … in the following ways.

(B) …有三个主要理由。 … for three major reasons.

(C) 要…¸至少我们可做三件事。

To …, there are at least three things we can do. 例︰(A) 我用下列方法增加信心。

I increase my confidence in the following ways. (B) 人们学外语有三个理由。

People learn a foreign language for three major reasons.

(C) 为了维护健康¸我们每天至少可做三件事。

To keep healthy, there are at least three things we can do every day. II、. 用于文章承转句

23. 那就是(说)…;亦即…

That is to say, … = That is, … = Namely, … 例︰我们生活需有规律。也就是说¸早睡早起¸戒除烟酒。

We need to live a regular life. That is, we can keep good hours and

refrain from smoking and drinking in the daily activities.

24. (A) 基于这个理由¸… For this reason, … (B) 为了这个目的¸… For this purpose, … 例︰基于这个理由¸我已决定把行医作为未来的职业。 For this reason, I have decided to take practicing medicine as my future career. 25. 我们有理由相信…

We have reasons to believe (that)子句 例︰我们有理由相信体罚应该严格禁止。

We have reasons to believe that corporal punishment should be strictly prohibited. 26. 事实上¸…

As a matter of fact, … = In fact, … 例︰事实上¸健康才是最重要。

As a matter of fact, it is health that counts. 27. (A) 例如¸… For example, …

(B) 拿…做例子 Take … for example. 例︰例如¸我们盲目地提高生活水准¸却降低生活品质。 For example, we elevate the living standards blindly, but lower the quality of life.

28. 此外¸我们不应忽视…

Besides (In addition), we should not neglect … 例︰此外¸我们不应忽视每个人都想要一个温馨祥和的社会。

In addition, we should not neglect that everyone wants a friendly and peaceful society.

29. 相反地¸… on the contrary, … = by contrast, … 例︰相反地¸少数学生似乎还在鬼混。

On the contrary, a few students, it seems, are still fooling around. 30. 另一方面¸…

on the other hand, … 例︰政府应严格执法¸另一方面¸大众也应该培养减少污染的好习惯。

The government should enforce laws strictly. On the other hand, the public

also should develop the good habit of reducing pollution.

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31. 然而¸很可惜的是…

However, it is a pity that子句 例︰然而¸很可惜的是他总是临时抱佛脚。

However, it is a pity that he should always cram at the eleventh hour. 32. 换言之¸… in other words, … = to put it differently 例︰换言之¸我会尽最大的努力达成我的目标。

In other words, I will try my best to attain (gain, live up to) my goal.

33. 别人可能认为这是事实¸但我不是。我认为…

It may be true as assumed by others, but I don't. I believe that子句

例︰别人可能认为这是事实¸但我不是。我认为…

It may be true as assumed by others, but I don't. I believe that if you have

strong determination and perseverance, the success will certainly come to you in the end. 34. 从此之后¸我已发现…

Ever since then, I have found that子句 例︰从此之后¸我已发现…

Ever since then, I have found smile the best way to avoid any possible conflicts in our daily lives. 35. 这样说来¸假如...¸当然毫无疑问地…。

In this light, if…, there can surely be no doubt (that) 子句

例︰这样说来¸假如我们能善用时间¸当然毫无疑问地我们会成功。

In this light, if we can make good use of time, there can surely be no doubt that we will get somewhere. 36. 更严重的是¸…。

What is more serious is (that)子句 例︰更严重的是¸我们不珍惜野生动物。

What is more serious is that we do not cherish the wildlife.

37. 鉴于社会的实际需要¸…。

In view of the practical need of society, …. 例︰鉴于社会的实际需要¸愈来愈多人对学英语有兴趣。

In view of the practical need of society, there are more and more people

interested in learning English. III. 用于文章结论句

38. 如果能实践这三点¸…。

If one can really put the three points into action (practice), …

例︰如果能实践这三点¸…。

If one can really put the three points into action(practice), he will surely be able to live a healthy and happy life. 39. 做这些简单之事¸我们一定可以…。

By doing these simple things, we surely can …. 例︰做这些简单之事¸我们一定可以快乐出门平安回家。

By doing these simple things, we surely can go out of the door happily and

come back home safe every day. 40. 如此¸我相信…。

In this way, I believe (that)子句

例︰如此¸我相信大家能够像我一样¸享受乘坐公车的乐趣。

In this way, I believe that all the people may be able to enjoy the bus ride like me.

41. 实践这些¸…。

By putting them (the above) into practice, …. 例︰实践这些¸在智育方面我一直能不断进步。

By putting them(the above) into practice, I have been able to make constant

progress in intellectual education. 42. (A) 唯有符合此三项要求¸我们才能…。

Only by living up to the three requirements, can we …. (B) 唯有通力合作¸我们才能…。

Only with combined efforts, can we …. 例︰唯有通力合作¸我们才能期望台湾不久有新的面貌。

Only with combined efforts, can we expect Taiwan to take a new face in due course. 43. 最后¸但并非最不重要¸…。 Last but no least, …. 例︰最后¸但并非最不重要¸教育上的缺失是助长青少年犯罪的原因。

Last but no least, the shortcoming in education is the cause contributing to juvenile delinquency.

44. 这证据显示~的重要性在怎么强调都不为过。 This evidence shows that the importance of ~ cannot be overemphasized.

例︰这证据显示交通安全的重要性在怎么强调都不为过。

This evidence shows that the importance of traffic safety cannot be overemphasized. 45. 由于这些理由¸我…。 For these reasons, I …. 例︰由于这些理由¸我认为在台湾接受大学教育是明智的。

For these reasons, I think that receiving college education in Taiwan is wise. 46. 总而言之¸…。 In conclusion, … = To sum up, … 例︰总而言之¸好国民应该遵守交通规则。

In conclusion, a good citizen should abide by traffic regulations. 47. 因此¸我们能下个结论¸那就是…。

We can, therefore, come to the conclusion (that)子句 例︰因此¸我们能下个结论¸那就是世上自由罪珍贵。 We can, therefore, come to the conclusion that nothing is so precious as freedom in the world.

48. 如果我们能做到如上所述¸毫无疑问地¸…。

If we can do as mentioned above, there can be no doubt (that)子句

例︰如果我们能做到如上所述¸毫无疑问地¸我们就能精通英语。

If we can do as mentioned above, there can be no doubt that we can master English 49. 因此¸这就是…的原因。

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Thus, this is the reason why …. 例︰因此¸这就是我重感冒的原因。

Thus, this is the reason why I caught a bad cold. 50. 所以¸我们应该了解…。

Therefore, we should realize (that)子句 例︰所以¸我们应该了解学英文不能没有字典。

Therefore, we should realize that in learning English we cannot do without a dictionary. 51. 因此¸由上列的讨论我们可以明了…。

We, therefore, can make clear from the above discussion (that)子句 例︰因此¸由上列的讨论我们可以明了毅力可以克服任何困难。

We, therefore, can make clear from the above discussion that perseverance can overcome any difficulty.

52. 1. 从~观点来看¸…。 From the ~ point of view , ….

2. 根据~的看法¸…。 According to ~ point of view , ….

高考作文写作素材(七)-----高中英语写作必备35句

一、~~~ the + ~ est + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)

~~~ the most + 形容词 + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc) 例句:Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen. 海伦是我所看过最美丽的女孩。

Mr. Chang is the kindest teacher that I have ever had. 张老师是我曾经遇到最仁慈的教师。 二、Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V Nothing is + more + 形容词 + than to + V

例句:Nothing is more important than to receive education.

没有比接受教育更重要的事。

三、~~~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much. (再怎么强调... 的 重要性也不为过。) 例句:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting

our eyes too much. 我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。

四、There is no denying that + S + V ...(不可否认... ) 例句:There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to

worse. 不可否认,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。 五、It is universally acknowledged that + 句子~~ (全世界都知道... )

例句:It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us.

全世界都知道树木对我们是不可或缺的。

六、There is no doubt that + 句子~~ (毫无疑问的... ) 例句:There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be

desired. 毫无疑问的我们的教育制度令人不满意。 七、An advantage of ~~~ is that + 句子 (... 的优点是... )

例句:An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won't create (produce)

any pollution. 使用太阳能的优点是它不会制造任何污染。

八、The reason why + 句子 ~~~ is that + 句子 (...

的原因是... )

例句:The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with

fresh air./ The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh

air for us. 我们必须种树的原因是它们能供应我们新鲜的空气。

九、So + 形容词 + be + 主词 + that + 句子 (如此... 以致于... )

例句:So precious is time that we can't afford to waste it.

时间是如此珍贵,我们经不起浪费它。 十、Adj + as + Subject(主词)+ be, S + V~~~ (虽然... ) 例句:Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means

satisfactory. {by no means = in no way = on no account 一点也不}

虽然我们的国家富有,我们的生活品质绝对令人不满意。

十一、The + ~er + S + V, ~~~ the + ~er + S + V ~~~

The + more + Adj + S + V, ~~~ the + more + Adj + S + V ~~~(愈... 愈... )

例句:The harder you work, the more progress you make. 你愈努力,你愈进步。

The more books we read, the more learned we become.

我们书读愈多,我们愈有学问。

十二、By +Ving, ~~ can ~~ (借着... ,.. 能够.. ) 例句:By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy.

借着做运动,我们能够始终保持健康。

十三、~~~ enable + Object (受词)+ to + V (.. 使.. 能够.. )

例句:Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed.

听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松。

十四、On no account can we + V ~~~ (我们绝对不能... )

例句:On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.

我们绝对不能忽略知识的价值。

十五、It is time + S + 过去式 (该是... 的时候了)

例句:It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to

solve the traffic problems.

该是有关当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候了。

十六、Those who ~~~ (... 的人... )

例句:Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished.

违反交通规定的人应该受处罚。 十七、There is no one but ~~~ (没有人不... ) 例句:There is no one but longs to go to college.

没有人不渴望上大学。

十八、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V (不得不... )

例句:Since the examination is around the

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corner, I am compelled

to give up doing sports.

既然考试迫在眉睫,我不得不放弃做运动。

十九、It is conceivable that + 句子 (可想而知的)

It is obvious that + 句子 (明显的) It is apparent that + 句子 (显然的)

例句:It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in

our life. 可想而知,知识在我们的一生中扮演一个重要的角色。 二十、That is the reason why ~~~ (那就是... 的原因)

例句:Summer is sultry . That is the reason why I don't like it.

夏天很燠热。那就是我不喜欢它的原因。

二十一、For the past + 时间,S + 现在完成式... (过去... 年来,... 一直... )

例句:For the past two years, I have been busy preparing for

the examination. 过去两年来,我一直忙着准备考试。

二十二、Since + S + 过去式,S + 现在完成式。

例句:Since he went to senior high school, he has worked

very hard. 自从他上高中,他一直很用功。 二十三、It pays to + V ~~~ (... 是值得的。) 例句:It pays to help others. 帮助别人是值得的。

二十四、be based on (以... 为基础)

例句:The progress of thee society is based on harmony.

社会的进步是以和谐为基础的。 二十五、Spare no effort to + V (不遗余力的) 例句:We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.

我们应该不遗余力的美化我们的环境。

二十六、bring home to + 人 + 事 (让... 明白... 事)

例句:We should bring home to people the value of working

hard. 我们应该让人们明白努力的价值。

二十七、be closely related to ~~ (与... 息息相关)

例句:Taking exercise is closely related to health.

做运动与健康息息相关。

二十八、Get into the habit of + Ving

= make it a rule to + V (养成... 的习惯) We should get into the habit of keeping good hours.

我们应该养成早睡早起的习惯。

二十九、Due to/Owing to/Thanks to + N/Ving, ~~~ (因为... )

例句:Thanks to his encouragement, I finally realized my dream.

因为他的鼓励,我终于实现我的梦想。

三十、What a + Adj + N + S + V! = How + Adj + a + N + V! (多么... !) 例句:What an important thing it is to keep our promise!

How important a thing it is to keep our promise!

遵守诺言是多么重要的事!

三十一、Leave much to be desired (令人不满意)

例句:The condition of our traffic leaves much to be desired.

我们的交通状况令人不满意。 三十二、Have a great influence on ~~~ (对... 有很大的影响)

例句:Smoking has a great influence on our health.

抽烟对我们的健康有很大的影响。 三十三、do good to (对... 有益),do harm to (对... 有害)

例句:Reading does good to our mind. 读书对心灵有益。

Overwork does harm to health. 工作过度对健康有害。

三十四、Pose a great threat to ~~ (对... 造成一大威胁)

例句:Pollution poses a great threat to our existence.

污染对我们的生存造成一大威胁。

三十五、do one's utmost to + V = do one's best (尽全力去... )

例句:We should do our utmost to achieve our goal in life.

我们应尽全力去达成我们的人生目标。

II 、通知/海报/致辞

1. May I have your attention, please?

2 .I have something important to tell you. 3. I have got an announcement to make.

4. I am told that a speech contest will be held at the “English Corner” this summer vacation. 5 .I’m glad to have the honor to tell you some activities you’re going to have today.

6. The party is a good chance for us to practise our English.

7. Everyone is welcome to attend the party. 8. Please bring along your pens and notebooks. 9. All the students are requested to attend the celebration of the

10. Teachers’ Day to be held in the Grand Hall in the Main Building at 6:30 this evening, 11. Don’t miss the chance. Please get there on time. 12. Please get everything ready. Don’t be late. 13. That’s all. Thank you.

14. A professor from Beijing University will give us a lecture on pollution. In the school hall at 8:00 tomorrow morning.

15. There will be a lecture on pollution given by Professor Wang from Beijing University. 16. It will last from half past two to four o’clock. 17. Please sign your name at the Service Desk before 9:00 a.m.

18. Lunch will be served at the place of visit.(在参观的地方供应午餐)

19. After the report, we’ll have a discussion. 20. There will be a close basketball match between Class One and Class Two.

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21. Please be there on time and give your opinion at the meeting.

It would give us great pleasure to invite you to give us a talk in our school. Will you accept our invitation?

22.(欢迎词)I’m greatly honored to extend, on behalf of all the teachers and students , our warm welcome to Professor David. I’m sure Professor Davi d’s visit will promote the friendly relationship between our two departments. All of us will benefit a lot from their visit. I’m sure he’ll give us much valuable advice in our research. Finally I hope Professor David will enjoy his stay in China.

23. (欢送词)I have the honor to speak on behalf of my classmates at this farewell party for Mrs. Smith. Mrs. Smith came to our school from America in September, 1999. In the past four years, she’s always been kind to us, patient with us and strict in her work. She gave such interesting and lively classes that every one of us enjoyed them very much. Mrs. Smith. is leaving us for her hometown soon. Now please allow me to express our hearty thanks to her successful work and wish her good health and a pleasant journey.

24. How time flies! Two years have passed since Mr. Smith came to teach us English.

25. When you return to your country, we all hope you will keep in touch with us.

26. Thank you for giving us such a warm welcome. 27. (告别词)First of all, allow me to thank all o f you for your kind invitation. I’m greatly honored to have such a chance to visit your university. My visit is both interesting and memorable. I’m glad to say I gained a lot from my visit. I’ll treasure your friendship. I’d like to take advantage of this opportunity to express my pleasure and my greatest gratitude to you again. May our friendship last forever! Thank you! III 、招聘求职

1. I have just read in the newspaper that a secretary is wanted in your company. 2 .I’d like to get the job.

3 .I want to offer myself for the position.

4. I had the pleasure of seeing your advertisement in the newspaper.

Having known that your company needs a typist, I wish to apply for the job/position.

5. It really attracted me because I’ m looking for a part-time job during my university vacation to pay for next term’s tuition.

6. Having read your ad in the newspaper, I feel I am fit for the job.

7. Given the job, I’m sure to make a good guide. 8 .If I am accepted, I will do my best to do the job well.

9 .If I can take the position, I’ll be thankful to you for your kindness. IV 、注意事项/制度规则

1. Don’t touch the machines without permission. 2. Always do as you’re told to.

3. When you leave the room, remember to turn off the machine and leave the lab one by one.

4. Show your identity card when your turn comes. 5. You may borrow no more than three books each time. 6. You can keep them for 5 days and you may renew them if you can’t finish them on time.

7. Pay the cost price for any damage done to the books or magazines.

8. Obey the rules of the library. 9. You are forbidden to smoke or to make a loud noise. 10. People along the sea shore must make full preparation for the hurricane.

11 .Pay attention to the gas, the fire and water as well as the falling trees and telephone poles. V 、请假/便条

1. I came to see you but you happened to be out. 2. Since you’re out, I have to leave this note with you.

3. Don’t forget to take some food with you for lunch.

4. If you want to take photos there you can take a camera with you.

5. Please telephone our teacher if you don’t want to go along.

6. I’ll expecting you at 3:10 at our school gate. 7 .I’m writing to you to ask a sick leave. 8 .I ask you for sick leave of three days.

9. I’m sorry that I can’t go to s chool, so I want to ask for two days of sick leave.

10 .I wonder if you could give me your permission. 11. Your kind permission will be greatly appreciated.

12 .I’ll go back to school as soon as I am well enough. And I’ll do my best to make up for the missing lessons during my absence.

13. Tomorrow’s meeting will be put off to Friday. 14. The flight to Beijing will be delayed for five hours. Now we have to change some of our plans. 15. I have to meet my wife at the airport at 3 p.m. today.

16. You are requested to ring him up this evening any time from 8:00 to 11:00. VI 、书信往来

1. I’ll appreciate it if you can tell me something about your school.

2 .In your letter you asked me for some advice on how to improve your spoken English.

3. I was so pleased to receive your letter and I am writing to tell you „

4. It’ very kind of you to write to me. 5. I’m getting on well with my classmates.

6. I have some difficulty in learning English. I can’t tell the difference between written English and spoken English. Would you please give me some advice?

7. I’ll take Flight CA984 to fly to New York on July 27th. The plane takes off at 11:20 in the morning from Beijing Airport.

8. Will you please send my notebook to me at the address given above?

9. How are you doing these days?

10. How are you getting along with your studies?

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11. I’m glad to know you are coming to China. 12. When you arrive, I’ll go to the airport to meet you.

13. It’s very kind of you to invite me to have a picnic, but I’m terribly sorry that I’m not able to accept your kind invitation.

14. I’m writing with delight to congratulate you on your invention.

15. Hearty congratulations!

16. My you live a long and joyful life!

17. Many happy returns of the day! (祝您生日快乐! 或敬祝佳节)

18. I’m eager to hear from you.

19 .I am looking forward to hearing from /seeing you.

20. Please give /send my best regards to your parents.

21. Please remember me to your parents.

22. Let’s write to each other and be good pen-friends.

23. Yours sincerely, Yours ever, 24. (With) Best wishes (to you).

高考写作素材

1. 田亩里的禾苗,必须留有间隙,太疏太密都不会获得丰收;木梳上的齿,必须疏密适中,才能把你的秀发一梳到底;亲密的恋人,必须有别有聚,才能恩爱有加。掌握好疏密的尺度,才能创造和谐的气氛,才能让事物圆满美好。

2. 倒在挫折的岸边,苦难的岸边,四周是无边的黑暗,没有星星,没有灯火,甚至没有人的气息。恐惧和绝望从黑暗里伸出手紧紧钳住可怜的生命。有的人倒在岸边再没有爬起来,有的人在黑暗里折了一只船,将自己摆渡到对岸。

3. 我们哭泣过,因为遥望时云遮旅途,只因迈步时荆棘密布;我们孤独过,那样刺冷的风裹着漆黑的夜,举目寻不见光亮,环顾弥不到屋檐,只能面对荒野的恐惧,忍受骤雨的抽打。于是,我们彷徨了,迷惑了,艰难跋涉赐予的伤痕再次折磨着我们,也许我们会累趴下,也许我们会迷失方向,但我们不必泄气,不必失望。看,地平线那端不正越来越亮了吗?来吧,让我们用执着的努力去铺平那走向太阳的路。走吧,,让我们去迎接那轮冉冉升起的太阳。

4. 花季,风一般,梦一样。他虚无缥缈,让人琢磨不透,

但又实实在在,为我们所拥有;他年轻幼稚,来的缓慢却走得突然,唯一留给我们的只有思念。等你再回首时,他已很遥远。

5. 梦想是生命的织棉,人到了没有梦想的时候,也就是生命完全衰竭的时候。没有梦想的生活是暗淡的,贫乏的、空虚的生活。对生活的热情期望勇敢追求和执着信念,作为青春的遗产留在心中。所以人一定要有理想,并且为之不断努力。从美国追求平等权利的黑人领袖马丁路德金的著名演说你“我有一个梦想”到我国古代著名爱国诗人屈原:“路漫漫其修远兮,吾将上下而求索。”再到近代革命先驱孙中山先生的“以天下为己任”,都告诉我们成功的背后都有梦想的支撑和不懈的努力。

6. 幸福来之不易,来得太容易恐怕就不珍惜了。一个人除了要努力追寻幸福,还要创造幸福,领悟幸福。这样才能找到自己拥有的幸福。在拥有时不要熟视无睹,必须学会珍惜,否则一旦失去后后悔莫及,那为时已晚了。我们应做到:在追寻幸福时,我们无怨无悔。

7. 悲观者说,希望是地平线,就算看得见,也永远走不到;乐观者说,希望是启明星,即使摘不到,也能告诉人们曙光就在前头。

乐观者说,风是帆的伙伴,能把你送到胜利的彼岸,悲观者说,风是浪的帮凶,能把你埋葬在大海深处。

8. 真正的人活着,像春蚕,吐尽一缕缕绒丝;像蜡烛,照亮崎岖的路;像苍松,任凭风吹雨打;像腊梅,凌严寒傲霜雪;像黄牛,辛勤耕耘每一寸沃土,直至最后一息。哲人说,不要让追求之舟停在幻想的港口,而应扬起奋斗的风帆,驶向现实生活的大海。

9. 人生苦短,韶华难留。选准目标,就要锲而不舍,以求“金石可镂”。但若目标不适,或主客观条件不允许,与其蹉跎岁月,徒劳无功,还不如学会放弃,“见异思迁”。班超投笔从戎,鲁迅弃医从文,都是“改换门庭”后而大放异彩的楷模。可见,如果能审时度势,扬长避短,把握时机,放弃原先的“追求”,既是一种理性的表

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现,也不失为一种豁达之举。

10. 在人们的心里,自我原谅的力量很大,这是人类本能当中的保护机制,但它强大到颠倒黑白的程度时,这个人就有可能被自己给害了。他的心地,就像一个到处是福利院却没有惩戒机构的国家混乱。

11. 生活在忙碌的工作和学习中,当我们感到厌倦和乏味时,就需要寻觅生命的亮色,不要让忧愁和烦恼占去你太多的时间。疲乏了,就出去走走,让大自然驱走你心中的不快,留给你一片宁静,你可以到旷野中大放歌喉,随心所欲寻找你感兴趣的东西;你可以去吹山风,沐晨露,抹去烦嚣的生活尘埃,聆听低鸣的虫声和欢快的鸟语,感受造物主的法力。

61. 有爱,有希望,有信念,有朋友,就会有一切。

62. 热闹的地方不一定是好地方。——余秋雨

63. 男人要的是房子、车子、办公室里的位子;女人只要男人是个傻子。

64. 世界上最遥远的距离不是生离死别,而是我就站在你的面前,你却感觉不到。

65. 什么叫做浪漫?浪漫就是浪费时间慢慢走,浪费时间慢慢聊。——林清玄

66. 在恋爱中不断抱怨的人,通常是因为他们把爱当作一种投资。对方接受了爱,却迟迟不肯偿还利息,所以他们抱怨。

67. 一个聪明的女人,懂得男人什么时候需要关心,一个聪明的男人,知道女人随时随地都需要关心。

68. 相信别人,放弃自己,这是许多人失败的开始。

69. 用自己的能力证明自己,胜过用空话吹嘘自己。

70. 任何道路都是靠自己走出来的,而不是靠自己在梦中等来的。

71. 我读书,我补充各方面的知识,我更注意从生活中学,每个人都是我的老师,每个地方都是我的课堂,每个时间都是我的学期。 ——王蒙

72. 朋友就像一棵树,没有朋友,人生就少了一道风景; 朋友就像一束花,没有朋友,生活就少了一份温馨。

73. 朋友不是女人的项链,只用来装饰自己;朋友不是廉价的鞋子,穿过了就可以随便扔掉。

74. 朋友和你就像两棵树,两棵树站在一起,就不会感觉到生活在这个世界上很孤独。风来一起挡风,雨来一起抗雨,风雨过后,一同在阳光下袒露自己的真诚。

75. 好的爱情是你透过一个人看到世界,坏的爱情是你为了一个人舍弃世界。

——有人对不同爱情的精妙总结

76. 我希望像水仙花一样,在暗黑的地下埋了三年以后,为的是竭尽全力在最寒冷的天气开放。

77. 如果有以后想做的事,就请现在做。(被英国〈经济学家〉杂志评选为全球五位管理大师之一的大前研一说)

78. 习惯的锁链隐而不易觉察,直到有一天牢不可破时,

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人们才发现其存在。(美. 塞. 约翰逊)

79. 真正的强者,不是没有眼泪的人,而是含着眼泪奔跑的人。(贫困高考生张晓以此激励自己)

80. 想得太多,做得太少,中间的落差就是烦恼。 81.

82. 1. 经济的快速发展 the rapid development of economy

2. 人民生活水平的显著提高/ 稳步增长the remarkable improvement/ steady growth of people ’s living standard

3. 先进的科学技术 advanced science and technology

4. 面临新的机遇和挑战 be faced with new opportunities and challenges

5. 人们普遍认为 It is commonly believed/ recognized that„

6. 社会发展的必然结果 the inevitable result of social development

7. 引起了广泛的公众关注 arouse wide public concern/ draw public attention

8. 不可否认 It is undeniable that„/ There is no denying that„

9. 热烈的讨论/ 争论 a heated discussion/ debate

10. 有争议性的问题 a controversial issue 11. 完全不同的观点 a totally different argument

12. 一些人 „而另外一些人 „ Some people „ while others„

13. 就我而言/ 就个人而言 As far as I am concerned, / Personally,

14. 就„达到绝对的一致 reach an absolute consensus on„

15. 有充分的理由支持 be supported by sound reasons

16. 双方的论点 argument on both sides 17. 发挥着日益重要的作用 play an increasingly important role in„

18. 对„必不可少 be indispensable to „ 19. 正如谚语所说 As the proverb goes: 20. „也不例外 „be no exception

21. 对„产生有利/不利的影响 exert positive/ negative effects on„

22. 利远远大于弊 the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages。 23. 导致,引起 lead to/ give rise to/ contribute to/ result in

24. 复杂的社会现象 a complicated social phenomenon

25. 责任感 / 成就感 sense of responsibility/ sense of achievement

26. 竞争与合作精神 sense of competition and cooperation

27. 开阔眼界 widen one’s horizon/ broaden one’s vision

28. 学习知识和技能 acquire knowledge and skills

29. 经济/心理负担 financial burden / psychological burden

30. 考虑到诸多因素 take many factors into account/ consideration

31. 从另一个角度 from another perspective

32. 做出共同努力 make joint efforts 33. 对„有益 be beneficial / conducive to „

34. 为社会做贡献 make contributions to the society

35. 打下坚实的基础 lay a solid foundation for „

36. 综合素质 comprehensive quality 37. 无可非议 blameless / beyond reproach 39. 致力于/ 投身于 be committed / devoted to „

40. 应当承认 Admittedly,

41. 不可推卸的义务 unshakable duty 42. 满足需求 satisfy/ meet the needs of„ 43. 可靠的信息源 a reliable source of information

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44. 宝贵的自然资源 valuable natural resources

45. 因特网 the Internet (一定要由冠词,字母I 大写)

46. 方便快捷 convenient and efficient 47. 在人类生活的方方面面 in all aspects of human life

48. 环保(的) environmental protection / environmentally friendly

49. 社会进步的体现 a symbol of society progress

50. 科技的飞速更新 the ever-accelerated updating of science and technology

51. 对这一问题持有不同态度 hold different attitudes towards this issue

52. 支持前/后种观点的人 people / those in fovor of the former/ latteropinion

53. 有/ 提供如下理由/ 证据 have/ provide the following reasons/ evidence

54. 在一定程度上 to some extent/ degree / in some way

55. 理论和实践相结合 integrate theory with practice

56. „必然趋势 an irresistible trend of„ 57. 日益激烈的社会竞争 the increasingly fierce social competition

58. 眼前利益 immediate interest/ short-term interest

59. 长远利益. interest in the long run 60. „有其自身的优缺点 „ has its merits and demerits/ advantages and disadvantages 61. 扬长避短 Exploit to the full one’s favorable conditions and avoid unfavorable ones

62. 取其精髓,取其糟粕 Take the essence and discard the dregs。

63. 对„有害 do harm to / be harmful to/ be detrimental to

64. 交流思想/ 情感/ 信息 exchange ideas/ emotions/ information

65. 跟上„的最新发展 keep pace with / catch up with/ keep abreast with the latest development of …

66. 采取有效措施来„ take effective measures to do sth

67. „的健康发展 the healthy development of „

68. 有利有弊 Every coin has its two sides。 No garden without weeds。

69. 对„观点因人而异 Views on „vary from person to person。

70. 重视 attach great importance to„ 71. 社会地位 social status

72. 把时间和精力放在„上 focus time and energy on„

73. 扩大知识面 expand one’s scope of knowledge

74. 身心两方面 both physically and mentally

75. 有直接/间接关系 be directly / indirectly related to„

76. 提出折中提议 set forth a compromise proposal

77. 可以取代 “think ”的词 believe, claim, maintain, argue, insist, hold the opinion/ belief that

78. 缓解压力/ 减轻负担 relieve stress/ burden

79. 优先考虑/发展„ give (top) priority to sth 。

80. 与„比较 compared with„/ in comparison with

81. 相反 in contrast / on the contrary。 82. 代替 replace/ substitute / take the place of

83. 经不起推敲 cannot bear closer analysis / cannot hold water

84. 提供就业机会 offer job opportunities 85. 社会进步的反映 mirror of social progress

- 17 - 86. 毫无疑问 Undoubtedly, / There is no doubt that„

87. 增进相互了解 enhance/ promote mutual understanding

88. 充分利用 make full use of / take advantage of