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初三 记叙文 10841字 97人浏览 燕玲白羊

表格

1. 表格常用词汇

noticeable trend 明显趋势

pronounced adj. 明显的

significant changes一些较大变化

rank n. vt. vi. 列为,排列,等级

distribute vt. 分布,区别

unequally adv. 不相等地

average n. vt. vi. adj. 平均

corresponding adj. 相应的,通讯的

represent vt. 阐述,表现

overall adj. 总体上讲

in the case of adv. 在... 的情况下

in terms of / in respect of / regarding 在... 方面

2. 开头

1) The table shows (reveals,illustrates ,demonstrates ,depicts ,describes ,indicates) _____.

2) According to the table, _____.

3) As (is) shown in the table, _____.

4) As can be seen from the table, _____.

5) Figures/statistics show (that) _____.

6) It can be seen from the figures/statistics that _____.

7) It is clear from the figures/statistics that _____.

8) It is apparent from the figures/statistics that _____.

3. 结尾

1) We can conclude from the table that _____.

2) In short (In brief), _____.

3) In conclusion, _____.

4) To conclude, it seems clear that _____.

5) From the table/diagram, we can see _____.

6) As can be seen from the chart/table /diagram, _____.

7) It is clear (/apparent) from the chart (/graph/table) that _____.

曲线图

1. 动词

表示向上:increase ,rise ,improve ,grow ,ascend ,mount ,aggrandize ,go up,climb , take off, jump ,shoot up暴涨,soar ,rocket , skyrocket

表示上升后保持平稳:flatten out(下降或升高后变平) , level off

eg. the number of population mounted and leveled off.

表示复苏(下降后再上升):recover ,bounce back

Eg :the number of population decreased and recovered.

表示下降:decrease ,decline ,descend ,drop , fall ,go down,come down,collapse , crash , fall off, slump , plummet , plunge , slide ,shrink, dwindle, diminish eg :the number of population decreased/ declined.

表示下降后保持平稳:bottom out,flatten out(下降或升高后变平)

eg :the number of population decreased and bottomed out.

表示稳定或水平:remain steady/constant,stay stable, stabilize, stagnate ,flatten out(下降或升高后变平) , level off, stay at the same level, be similar to, there is little/hardly any/no change

eg: the number of population stayed stable. /the number of population remained steady.

表示波动:fluctuate

eg :the number of population fluctuated.

表示在底部:reach a low point,bottom out,reach the bottom,reach the rock,hit a trough

表示在顶部:reach a peak,peak ,top out,reach the highest point/ the top/ the summit/ the most,peak in/at,reach the zenith

eg :the number of population peaked/ reached its summit/ reached its zenith.

2.形容词和副词—变化程度

abrupt(ly)(突然) ,sudden(ly)(突然) ,dramatic(ally)(急剧) ,drastic(ally)(急剧) ,sharp(ly)(急剧) ,quick(ly)(迅速) ,rapid(ly)(迅速) ,marked(ly)(显著) ,

significant(ly)(显著) ,considerable(considerably)(相当) ,substantial(ly)(相当) moderate(ly)(适当) ,gradual(ly)(逐渐) ,slight(ly)(轻微) ,slow(ly)(缓慢) ,steady(steadily)(平缓)

3. 名词

line chart线图,curve diagram曲线图,horizontal axis横轴,vertical axis纵轴,plateau(上升后的稳定期) ,record high历史高度,record low历史低点,trough (曲线上的) 最小值,zenith(最高值), general trend,upward/downward tend

增加:an increase,a rise,a growth, an improvement, an upturn, a surge, an upsurge , an upward trend

下降:a fall, a decrease, a decline, a drop, a downturn, a downturn trend,low point,reduction

波动:fluctuation

4. 介词

一. remain steady/ stay stable/ level off/ bottom out/ peak/reach its peak/ reach its zenith 后面需要使用的是at.

1. 人口在500万上保持平稳: The number of population remained steady at 5 million.

2. 人口在800万时到达了顶峰: The number of population peaked at 8 million.

3. 下降后,人口在400万保持平稳:After decreasing, the number of population bottomed out at 4 million.

4. 上升后,人口在700万保持平稳: After mounting, the number of population leveled off at 7 million.

二. 上升/下降后面使用to(到) 和by(了)

1. 人口下降到200万: number of population decreased to 2 million.

2. 人口下降了200万: number of population decreased by 2 million.

3. 人口上升到1000万: number of population increased to 10 million.

4. 人口上升了500万: number of population increased by 5 million.

三. recover的后面大家需要使用的是from

举例: 人口在200万时开始复苏: The number of population recovered from 2 million.

四. fluctuate的后面大家需要连接between …and…

举例: 人口在20和100亿之间波动: The number of population fluctuated between 2 and 10 billion.

5. 开头

1) The line chart depicts the changes in the number of _____ over the period from 2000 to 2004.

该曲线图描述了从2000年到2004年_____数量的变化。

2) The chart provides some data regarding the fluctuations of _____ from 2000 to 2004.

该曲线图描述了从2000年到2004年_____的变动。

3) The graph,presented in the curve diagram,shows the general trend in _____. 该图以曲线图的形式描述了_____总的趋势。

4) This is a line chart showing _____.

这是一个曲线图,描述了_____。

5) As can be seen from the graph,the two curves show the fluctuations of _____. 如图所示,两条曲线描述了_____波动的情况。

6. 描述曲线常用表达

1)The _____ in the graph is measured in units,each of which is equivalent to _____. 图表中的_____以_____为单位,每单位等于_____。

2) The horizontal axis stands for _____.

横轴代表了_____。

3) The vertical axis stands for _____.

纵轴代表了_____。

4) 增长

The house price increased / grew / went up / rose by … / to …

The number of overseas students increased adv from …to …

The production of corn was on the rise, up from … to …

The consumption of chicken showed / witnessed / saw a rising / upward trend. There was a dramatic increase in the amount of chicken consumed.

5)下降

The number of Japanese tourists dropped / declined / went down / fell / reduced by … / to …

Beef consumption has declined adv from … to …

The annual production rate was on the decline, down from …to …

The divorce rate showed / witnessed / saw a falling / downward trend.

There was a slight decrease in the amount of fish consumed.

6)平稳波动

The amount of water used for agriculture remained/stayed

stable/steady/unchanged for 5 years in a row.

The unemployment rate was flat at 6%.

The house price stabilized at a high level from 1998 to 2000.

The power consumption levels out / levels off in this period.

The power consumption fluctuated in this period.

流程图

描述流程五大步

1首先说明该过程是做什么工作的,目的是什么。

2准备工作。

3按时间/过程先后描述。

4结果。

5简单总结(可有可无) 。

一个实物/器具的工作过程

1实物是什么,做什么用的。

2基本结构。

3工作过程。

4简单总结。

其他

1. 补充词汇

统计表 table,form

曲线图 line graph,line chart,curve,diagram

条/柱形图 (bar)graph,( bar) chart,column chart,figure

饼形图 pie chart,pie graph

流程图 flow chart,flow scheme-,sequence diagram

表明 show,describe,suggest,reveal,indicate,illustrate,demonstrate,depict

record,give

百分比 percentage,proportion

数据 number,figure,statistics

种类 category,type,kind,breakdown

Eg, a breakdown of the expenses 开支明细

2. 句式

描述整体构成

-Y is made up of/composed of/constituted of/comprised of/divided into/subdivided into A, B and C.

- Y is roughly classed under two heads 大致分成2类

- Y is streamed按能力分班(或分组) into five groups 分成5组

- Y is graded according to size and quality 根据大小与质量分类

- Y mainly consists of/contains/includes A, B and C.

-There are 4 parts composing/constituting/comprising/making up Y, namely, A, B and

C.

占有 占有率

-X accounts for/takes up/makes up/occupies/constitutes (approximately/about/around) 65 percent of the total/whole.

-X accounts for/takes up/makes up/occupies/constitutes/has (almost/nearly) the largest/highest/most/least proportion of the total/whole.

-The majority of Y is made up of/is composed of X.

- The proportion / percentage of X was …

-X produced / contributed almost 75% of the total

排序

-A, followed by B and then C.

Fish and chip remains the most popular fast food, followed by hamburgers and then pizza.

-A. Next come B and then C.

The main/primary/biggest/dominant proportion of electricity is produced by coal and the remainder comes from the nuclear.

对比 类比

-By comparison with 1998, it decreased/increased by/to....

-The figure has nearly doubled, compared with that of last year during the same period.

-It has increased/ decreased almost twice/six times, compared with/to ....

-The only exception was the year of X, when there was a slight decline/increase as -compared with the previous year(s).

-Similarly,/Likewise,…

-Unlike…, ….

-In comparison, ….

-In/By contrast, ….

-A has almost (nearly/about) over a quarter (half/twice /one third) as many students as (as much money as) B.

-A has about (approximately/exactly /precisely) the same number (proportion/amount) of students (money) as B.

- A has something in common with B.

- The difference between A and B lies in _____.

倍数

-The amount of X consumed was three times (as much as / more than) that of Y -The percentage of X increased three folds / three times.

-The amount of X consumed almost doubled / tripled, up / rising / climbing from …to .. .

-T he production of cars in factory A was three times as many as that in factory B.

-Factory A produced three times as many cars as Factory B.

预测

A is likely/predicted/estimated/expected/forecasted to reach….

3. 多个图表开头

-The first table/chart/graph indicate s …, while/and the second table/chart/graph presents (the general pattern/trend in/of)….

-The table/chart/graph and the table/chart/graph respectively show/reveal/indicate…. -The table/chart/graph demonstrates how/why 从句… while/and the information given by the table/chart/graph is about ….

-The table/chart/graph illustrates …., while/and … is shown/reflected被动语态 in the table/chart/graph.

-There is a research/survey is about …and …, which is reflected in the two diagrams. 定语从句

4. 地理变迁图常用词汇

A在B 的东方/西方/南方/北方

A is/ lies/ is located/ is situated in/on/to the east/west/south/north of B.

A 在B 内部的某个部位

A is in the eastern/southern/ western/ northern part of B.

A 在B 西北部的120千米处

A lies 120 km to the northwest of B.

A 在B 的东南角

A is at/in the southeastern corner of B

( at表示A 在B 外部, in表A 在B 内部)

A 在B 东部的边界上(A 在B 外部)

A is on the eastern border of B

A 在B 东部边缘上 (A 在B 内部)

A is on/along the eastern edge of B

在河流或道路的南边/北边等

On the south/southern side of the river

On both sides of the road

On the other side

临近马路的地区The area adjacent to/near/next to/just off the road

在道路或河流的最南端At the southern end of the river

在河流的上/下游at the lower/ upper reaches of the river;

在河岸alongside the riverbank

道路连接点link A to B或者connect A with B

A 在B 的中间

A is in the center of B

A 在B 的对面

A is on the opposite side of B

A is opposite B

原有事物可说成

The original/previous/former garden

原有事物尺寸上变大/变小

The size of the library has been enlarged/extended/halved/reduced by half

原有事物在数量上增多或减少

The number of homes has increased/risen/grown/reduced /decreased/dropped/fallen/ doubled/tripled/quadrupled to 500.

原有事物没了

The farms completely disappeared/were removed.

原有事物被改为

A becomes B

A is transformed/reconstructed/redeveloped/converted/changed/turned over to/ into B

A is replaced /substituted by B = A gives way to B

A newly-built road

A new car park was built/established/set up/constructed/completed and opened in the middle of B

A new IT centre has been added to the library

The year 2000 saw two additions to the land: a pond in the northern part and a vegetable garden on the opposite side.

拆、消失-- demolish, pull down, knock down, remove, disappear, be replaced by newly-built, newly-established

建、出现-- build, construct(一般建筑物), erect(高大的建筑物)

establish/set up(无建筑的物体或抽象的机构)

pave (道路的修建)

Eg., In the same year, a bridge was constructed over the river and a road was paved linking the river to the residences.

5.

选址图常用词汇

advantages and disadvantages

merits and demerits/faults/drawbacks

pros and cons

virtues and defects

strong and weak points

Eg., advantages outweigh the disadvantages

土地单位的表达

a piece of land

a plot of land(一小块)

a stretch of(一长片)

a large expanse of(一大片)