写作词汇
初二 记叙文 17368字 66人浏览 倦刺i

1 英语话题作文必备词汇

从近三年高考写作题来看,都在课标或考试说明中列的24个话题之内。根据高考写作题的命题特点,我们将这24个话题整合成16个话题,进行分类辅导。

话题一:人物人品

必备词汇:年龄

(1)a five-year-old boy一个五岁的男孩

(2)a boy aged five 一个五岁的男孩

(3)in my teens /twenties在我十/二十多岁时

(4)at the age of five在五岁时

(5)As a child, I liked to... 我小时候喜欢……

出生

(1)was born in ... 出生在……

(2)be/come from a wealthy family出生于富裕人家

(3)was born into a peasant family出生于一个农民家庭

外表

(1)a 1.80-meter-tall boy 一个高1.8米的男孩

(2)overweight胖的;thin 瘦的;slim 苗条的;strong 强壮的

(3)look young for one’s age 显得比实际年龄年轻

(4)good-looking 长得好看;

plain-looking 长得一般

(5)well dressed 穿得漂亮;

neatly dressed 衣着干净整洁

能力

(1)efficient办事高效率的

(2)intelligent有智力的;creative 富创造力的

(3)a boy with great ability 能干的男孩

(4)a qualified teacher 一名合格的教师

(5)speak fluent English 讲流利的英语

(6)have a gift for 有……的天赋

(7)be skilled in 在……方面熟练

(8)be experienced in 在……方面有经验

健康

(1)be in good health/shape/condition 身体健康

2 (2)energetic精力充沛的;well-built 身材健美的

(3)suffer from... 患上……

经历

(1)graduate from... 从……毕业

(2)major in 以……为专业

(3)gain scholarship 获得奖学金

(4)get good grades获得好成绩

(5)get a master’s degree 获得硕士学位

(6)be given the title of... 获得……称号

(7)win a gold/silver/copper medal 获得金/银/铜牌

(8)gain/win the first prize/place 获得一等奖/第一名

专题练习:

话题二:周围环境

必备词汇

1. 对周围环境的描写,通常按空间顺序进行,表示方位的短语有:

(1)on the left /right在左边/右边

(2)at the back of在……的后面

(3)in front of在……的前面

(4)in the north of在……的北部(内部)

(5)on the south of在……的南方(接壤)

(6)to the east of在……的东面(相离)

2. 描写环境,倒装句是非常经典的句型,如:

(1)Behind the street lies a small river.街道后面有一条小河。

(2)On the top of the mountain stands a 50-meter- high tower. 山顶上矗立着一座50米高的塔。

(3)There is a bed, a sofa, a desk and a chair in the bedroom. 卧室里有一张床、一张沙发、一张桌子和一把椅子。

话题三:学校生活与课外活动

词汇必备:1. 常用单词

(1)campus校园

(2)canteen餐厅

(3)laboratory/lab实验室

(4)dining hall食堂

(5)dormitory宿舍

3 (6) club俱乐部

(7)competition竞赛

(8)rewards奖励

(9)achievement/result成绩

(10) marks/grades/scores分数

2. 常用短语

(1)school dining hall学生食堂

(2)teaching building教学楼

(3)lecture theatre阶梯教室

(4)the Students’ Union学生会

(5)social practice 社会实践

(6)part-time jobs业余工作

(7)vacation jobs假期工作

(8)prepare lessons 备课

(9)have lessons上课

(10)miss a lesson误一节课

(11)prepare for lessons预习功课

(12)stay away from school旷课

(13)work hard at 努力做(学)

(14)put one’s heart into专心于

(15)concentrate on 全神贯注;专心于

(16)graduation ceremony 毕业典礼

(17)English evening 英语晚会

(18)after-school/extracurricular activities课外活动

(19)social investigation社会调查

(20)voluntary labor义务劳动

(21)physical activities 体育活动

(22)see the sights of看景点

(23)have a picnic/barbecue去野餐/烧烤

(24)have a party举行晚会

(25)hold a sports meeting举行运动会

(26)have an outing at the seashore在海边郊游

(27)learn... by heart记住

4 (28)keep... in mind记住

(29)work out 计算出

(30)make progress in ... 在……方面取得进步

(31)have a good command of精通于

(32)pass the examination通过考试

(33)get full mark for得满分

(34)cheat in the exam考试作弊

(35) fail (in) the math test数学测验不及格

(36)win the first (prize) in maths competition数学竞赛第一名

(37)get /take the first place in the English speech contest英语口语竞赛第一名

(36)lay a good foundation in在……方面打下良好的基础

3. 参考语句

(1)A child poor at math may be talented for painting.一个数学差的小孩,可能是艺术天才。

(2)I prefer to fail rather than cheat in the exam.我宁愿考不及格,也不愿意考试作弊。

(3)The extracurricular activity is a necessary part of the school lives.课外活动是学校生活不可缺少的一环。

话题四:兴趣爱好

必备词汇:(1)surf the internet上网

(2)chat online 在线聊天

(3)enjoy popular music 喜欢流行音乐

(4)be fond of/be keen on喜欢…

(5)have some hobbies有一些爱好

(6)be interested in对……感兴趣

(7)take an interest in对……感兴趣

(8)be crazy about... 对……着迷

(9)come to like... 越来越喜欢

(10)develop a great liking for... 渐渐爱上

(11)I prefer watching a TV show to going to a concert.我宁愿看电视表演,而不愿去听音乐会。

(12)He goes for playing on-line games. 他喜欢玩在线游戏。

(13)Shopping is my favorite hobby in my spare time. 购物是我闲暇时最喜欢的爱好。

(14)I hate visiting museums, for I think they are boring.我讨厌参观博物馆,因为我觉得它们让人感到无趣。

话题五:个人情感与人际关系:

必备词汇:个人情感

5 (1)be happy / sad / upset / nervous / lonely高兴/难过/不安/紧张/孤独

(2)be pleased with对……感到高兴

(3)be worried about / worry about 担心,担忧

(4)be / get angry with sb. about sth. 因某事生某人的气

(5)be disappointed at sb. 对某人感到失望

(6)be confident of sth. / in sb. 对某事/某人有信心

(7)We are deeply grateful to you for your support. 我们深深感谢你的支持。

(8)It is a pity that we shall have to leave tomorrow. 我们明天必须离开,真是遗憾。

人际关系

(1)learn from each other 互相学习

(2)promote the friendship 增进友谊

(3)improve the relationship改善关系

(4)show love and concern for sb. 爱护和关心某人

(5)Good listening can really enable us to get closer to each other. 善于倾听使我们彼此走得更近。

(6)A good relationship between teachers and students is of great importance for our studies.良好的师生关系对我们的学习很重要。

(7)To build a good relationship, we should trust in each other. 要建立良好的关系,我们应该彼此信任。

(8)Only in this way can we enjoy an equal relationship. 只有这样我们才能享有平等的关系。

(9)They find it easy to communicate with their teachers. 他们发觉很容易和老师沟通。

(10)With their help, I tried my best to study hard and succeeded in entering a key university. 在他们的帮助下,我努力学习,成功地被一所重点大学录取。

(11)We should value this harmonious relationship between teachers and students. 我们应该珍惜师生之间这种和谐的关系。

(12)With the encouragement and support of my father, I have overcome many difficulties in our life. 在父亲的鼓励和支持下,我克服了生活中的许多困难。

话题六:计划于愿望

必备词句:(1)feel like doing想要做

(2)be prepared to do准备做

(3)decide/ be determined to决定

(4)mean /plan/intend to do计划做

(5)look forward to doing盼望做

(6)have a desire to do希望做

(7)long/hope/wish/want to do渴望/希望/想做

(8)He planned to go abroad for further studies.他计划出国学习深造。

(9)So I am determined to meet the challenge. 因此,我准备迎接挑战。

6 (10)There’ll be a football game in our school this week.本周我们学校有一场足球比赛。

(11)Think twice before you do. 三思而后行。

(12)Great hopes make great man.伟大的抱负造就伟大的人。

(13)Hope for the best, but prepare for the worst. 抱最好的愿望,做最坏的打算。 话题七:节假日活动

必备词汇:1. 中国节日名称

(1)The Spring Festival春节

(2)The Dragon Boat Festival端午节

(3)The Mid-autumn Festival中秋节

(4)New Year’s Day元旦

(5)National Day国庆节

(6)International Labor Day五一劳动节

(7)Teachers’ Day教师节

(8)Children’s Day儿童节

(9)Women’s Day妇女节

(10)Tomb-sweeping Day清明节

(11)Double Ninth Festival重阳节

(12)Lantern Festival元宵节

2. 西方节日名称

(1)Christmas day 圣诞节

(2)Thanksgiving Day 感恩节

(3)Valentine’s Day 情人节

(4)April Fool’s Day 愚人节

(5)Halloween Day 万圣节

(6)Easter Day 复活节

(7)Mothers’ Day 母亲节

(8)Fathers’ day 父亲节

3. 相关句子

(1)National Day is coming. 国庆节快到了。

(2)National Day falls on Monday this year.今年国庆节是星期一。

(3)We celebrated the New Year with a dance party. 我们举行舞会来庆祝新年。 话题八:购物

词汇必备:

7 (1)shopping mall/centre购物中心

(2)department stores 百货商店

(3)second-hand stores旧货店

(4)discount折扣

(5)change零钱

(6)cyber ordering 网络订购

(7)fake products 假冒商品

(8)on-line shopping 网上购物

(9)poor/ high quality糟糕/优异的质量

(10)poor service 糟糕的服务

(11)buy in group 团购

(12)wrap up包装

(13)pay in cash以现金支付

(14)pay by credit card通过信用卡支付

(15)free of charge不收费

(16)be all sold out /out of stock售空

(17)avoid being cheated 避免受骗

(18)bargain with attendant和服务员砍价

(19)effective and convenient 高效率、方便

(20)complain to sb about sth就某事向某人投诉 话题九:饮食健康 词汇必备:(1)suffer from 遭受, 患上

(2)near-sighted 近视的

(3)feel stressed/depressed 感到紧张/沮丧

(4)have a pain in ... 某处疼痛

(5)mentally unhealthy 心理不健康的

(6)relax oneself 自我轻松

(7)relieve pressure 缓解压力

(8)go on a diet 节食;proper diet恰当的饮食

(9)take three meals on time 按时吃三餐

(10)eat much junk food 吃很多的垃圾食品

(11)(un)healthy eating habits (不) 健康的饮食习惯

(12)be high /low/rich in ... ……含量高/低/丰富

8 (13)be optimistic/ pessimistic about 对……乐观/悲观

(14)physical and mental condition 生理和心理状况

(15)feel weak (well, terrible, sick) 感觉虚弱(健康/很糟/恶心)

(16)face difficulties/setbacks with courage 勇敢面对困难/挫折

(17)An apple a day keeps the doctor away. 每天一只苹果不用看医生。(谚语)

(18)Early to bed and early to rise make a man healthy, wealthy and wise.早睡早起使人健康、富有和聪明。(英国谚语)

话题十:文娱与体育

词汇必备:

1. 文娱类

(1)a cross talk相声

(2)lines台词;director 导演

(3)character人物,角色

(4)TV programs 电视节目

(5)TV series 电视系列片

(6)comedy喜剧;tragedy 悲剧

(7)Oscar Awards奥斯卡奖

(8)cartoon / animation卡通片/动画片

(9)instrument 乐器

(10)folk music 民乐

(11) science fiction film科幻片

(12)romance爱情片

2. 体育类

(1)event体育项目

(2)game/competition 比赛

(3)champion 冠军

(4)championship锦标赛

(5)stadium运动场、体育场

(6)ground/field场地;track 跑道

(7)tennis网球;court 网球场

(8)gold medal 金牌

(9)performance 表现

(10)break the record打破记录

(11)record holder记录保持者

9 (12)audience/spectator 观众

(13)coach教练员;judge 裁判

(14)competitor/player/athlete运动员,参赛者

(15)applause (n.)/ applaud (v.) 鼓掌欢迎,热情称赞

话题十一:旅游与交通

必备词句:1. 旅游与探险(tourism and adventure)

(1)相关名词:travel, journey, trip, tour, travel agency (旅行社), guide, airlines/airways, flight

ticket, passport, visa, identity (ID) card (身份证), tent, camp, hotel, tourist attraction(旅游景点), places of interest, scenic spots (景点), national park, DIY tour(自助游), space tourism(太空旅游), group/organized tour(团体游), a self-driven trip(自驾游)

(2)相关动词短语:

go on a wildlife tour/a hiking trip参加野生动物之旅/去远足 be on holiday/a visit 度假/旅行 see sb off 送行

explore a forest/ a desert/ another planet 森林/沙漠探险;外星球探险

(3)相关形容词:interesting, exciting, attractive, fantastic, boring/dull, tiring, comfortable, funny, well-organized

(4)相关句子:

The scenery is charming! 景色迷人!

Great changes have taken place in the ways that people spend their holidays over the period from the year 1990 to 2009. 在1990至2009年间,人们的度假方式已经发生了巨大的变化。

2. 交通方式(methods of transportation)

(1)walk/ on foot 走路,步行

(2)ride a bike/by bike 骑自行车

(3)drive a car/by car 开小轿车

(4)take a bus/by bus 乘公共汽车

(5)take a taxi/by taxi乘出租车,打的

(6)by boat/ship/water/sea 坐船/走水路

(7)transfer(在旅途中) 转乘、换乘

3. 指路(showing the way)

(1)It’s about five minutes’ walk.走路约五分钟。

(2)Take bus No. 2 and get off at the next stop.坐2路车,在下一站下车。

(3)Turn right at the second turning. / Take the second turning on the right.在第二个拐弯处右转。

(4)Go / Walk down /along the road and turn right. You’ll see the post office.沿着这条路走,再向右转, 你就会看到邮局。

4. 交通安全(safety rules and warnings)

(1)safety first安全第一

10 (2)traffic light交通灯,红绿灯

(3)traffic rules/ regulations交通规则

(4)keep left/ right靠左/靠右

(5)crossroad/crossing十字路

(6)wait until the green light 等到绿灯再走

(7)traffic jam交通堵塞

(8)traffic accident交通事故

话题十二:语言文化

常用词汇:1. 英语学习体会

(1)enlarge one’s vocabulary扩大某人的词汇量

(2)refer to the dictionary... 查字典

(3)focus on learning grammar强调语法学习

(4)form the habit of reading养成阅读习惯

(5)reading skills/ strategies/abilities... 阅读技能/策略/能力

(6)My experience tells me... 我的经验告诉我……

(7)I practise listening two hours a day.我每天练习听力两小时。

(8)I find it hardest to learn English grammar.我觉得学习英语语法最难。

(9)The stronger the motivation is, the more quickly a person will learn a foreign language.一个人动机越强,学习外语就越快。

2. 英美英语差别

(1)American /British English 美国/英国英语

(2)There is little/ much difference in grammar.在语法方面有一点/很大的差别。

(3)I’m confused about the difference between... and... 对于这两者的区别,我感到很迷惑。

3. 语言与文化

(1)language learning语言学习

(2)culture difference /diversity文化差异/多元文化

(3)cultivate cross-cultural awareness 培养跨文化意识

(4)Respect others’ culture and custom尊重他人的文化和风俗

(5)Culture plays an important role in language learning.文化在语言学习中担任重要角色。

(6)Culture understanding enables us to ... 文化的了解使我们能够……

(7)It is high time for us to treasure and protect culture relics.是我们珍惜和保护文化遗产的时候了。 话题十三:自然

必备词句:

1. 灾害种类:

11 flood(水灾), drought(干旱), landslide(山崩), earthquake(地震), tsunami(海啸),typhoon(台风) ,hurricane (飓风) ,tornado(龙卷风), volcano (火山), snowstorm (暴风雪)

2. 袭击某地:(a typhoon) hit/ strike ...

3. 造成后果:

(1)失踪:missing

(2)受伤:get injured

(3)死亡:be killed/ lose one’s life/cause sb’s death/claim 302 lives(造成302人死亡)

(4)电力中断:cut off the power/ electricity; have the power cut; the electricity was cut off

(5)房屋倒塌:houses collapse / fall down

(6)冲走房屋、道路、桥梁:wash away buildings, roads and bridges

(7)成为废墟:... be in ruins; fall into ruins

(8)菜地被毁坏了:vegetable fields were ruined.

(9)引发泥石流及其他灾害:trigger landslides and other disasters

(10)造成巨大损失/经济损失:cause great damage /economic losses

4. 救援捐赠:

(1)受灾地区:stricken district/ area

(2)救灾工作:rescue work

(3)恢复正常:return to normal

(4)地震灾民:The quake-afflicted people

(5)被困人员:trapped persons

(6)受害人:victims

(7)拯救:rescue... From

(8)防汛抗旱:flood control and drought relief

(9)呼吁人们捐赠:call on people to make donations

5. 有关报道常用句式:

Tuesday, Morakot, the worst typhoon to hit the island in 50 years, had claimed 461 lives and left 192 missing and 46 injured, according to Taiwan’s disaster control center. 据台湾灾害应变中心消息,星期二,“莫拉克”,50年来袭击该岛的最严重的台风,已造成461人死亡,192人失踪,46人受伤。

6. 环境保护

(1)保护环境,人人有责:Everyone should take the responsibility to protect the environment./ It’s everyone’s duty to protect the environment

(2)提高环保意识:raise the awareness of environmental protection

(3)保护生存环境:conserve natural habitats

(4)采取有效措施:take effective measures; effective measures should be taken/adopted

12 (5)采取积极措施保护珍稀动物 take active measures to protect rare animals

(6)环保产品:environment-friendly products

话题十四:世界环境

必备词句:1. 环境污染的原因

(1)cut down trees 砍伐树木

(2)pollute the environment/air 污染环境/空气

(3)lead /water /noise/air /white pollution铅/水/噪音/空气/白色污染

(4)The rubbish was everywhere.到处是垃圾。

(5)send out smoke and poisonous gases into the air排放烟雾和有毒气体

(6)pour waste water into rivers without being treated往河里排放未经处理的废水

2. 破坏环境的后果

(1)acid rain 酸雨

(2)abnormal climate气候异常

(3)global warming 全球变暖

(4)sea level rise 海平面上升

(5)greenhouse effect 温室效应

(6)extinction of animals 动物灭绝

(7)be harmful to/do harm to... 对……有害

(8)flood many low-lying cities 水淹低洼城市

(9)drought/flood/sandstorms sweep across... 干旱/洪水/沙尘暴横扫

3. 环保措施

(1)plant trees 植树

(2)sort rubbish 垃圾分类

(3)protect the ecology 保护生态

(4)save energy/water节约能源/水

(5)go green生产或使用绿色产品

(6)protect the environment 保护环境

(7)ride bicycles to work 骑自行车上班

(8)develop renewable resources可再生资源

(9)fight against pollution 与污染作斗争

(10)sustainable development 可持续发展

(11)eco-friendly products 生态友好的产品

(12)deal with rubbish properly正确处理垃圾

13 (13)recycle textbooks/trash 课本/垃圾回收利用

(14)ban smoking in public 禁止在公共场合吸烟

(15)improve our living conditions 改善居住条件

(16)keep the balance of nature 保持自然界的平衡

(17)stop / keep/ prevent sb from doing 阻止某人做

(18)ban the abuse of plastic bags 禁止滥用塑料袋

(19)don’t litter/spit everywhere 不随地扔垃圾/吐痰

话题十五:科学技术

必备词句:1. 短语

(1)对……产生很大影响: have a great effect on

(2)起很大作用:make a great difference

(3)改变人们的生活:chan ge one’s life

(4)得益于、从……获益benefit from

(5)与……有关联:relate to/ be linked to

(6)能使用:have access to/ be accessible to

(7)代替:take the place of

(8)致力于:devote oneself to

(9)实现:come true

(10)赶上:keep/catch up with

(11)与……不同:be different from/differ from

(12)使某人能做:enable sb to do sth

(13)把……考虑进去:take something into consideration

(14)引起某人的注意:catch/attract the attention of sb

(15)导致:lead to/contribute to/result in/ bring about

(16)在某方面起重要的作用:play an important role in

(17)提高人类的生活质量:improve the quality of life for humans

(18)为治疗疾病而进行一项研究:carry out a research in the hope of curing the illnesses

2. 句型

(1)科学技术是第一生产力。

Science and technology are a primary productive force.

(2)随着互联网、个人电脑、3G 手机的日益普及,我们的生活发生了巨大的变化或我们的生活精彩无限。(一句多译)

○With the Internet, PC, 3G cellphones becoming more and more popular, our life has greatly changed. (with复合结构)

14 ○The popularity of the Internet, PC, 3G cellphones makes our life colourful. (make +复合宾语)

○Due to/Thanks to/Owing to/Because of the popularity of the Internet, PC, 3G cellphones, our life is becoming more and more colourful. (介词短语)

话题十六:网络时代

必备词句:

(1)The Internet is playing a more and more important part in our daily life.网络在我们的生活中扮演着越来越重要的角色。

(2)On the one hand, it’s risky to make friends and shop online.一方面,网上交友和网上购物存在风险。

(3)On the other hand, being lost in the Internet may affect our study and work.另一方面,沉迷网络会影响学习和工作。

(4)A survey shows that 52% of students are lost in the Internet.一项调查显示,52%的学生沉迷网络。

(5)In my opinion, the Internet does bring us a lot of benefits.我认为,因特网的确给我们带来了实惠。

(6)It remains a question how we can solve the problems concerning making friends on line.如何解决网上交友所产生的问题依然是个疑问。

(7)The problems that Internet has brought to us do exist, but we have to be rational.因特网给我们所带来的问题的确存在,但是我们必须要理性看待。

(8)Every coin has two sides, so does the Internet.凡事都有两面性,因特网也是如此。

(9)As for the government, it should take strong measures to punish those who cheat people on line. 作为政府,应该采取强有力措施惩罚那些在网上行骗的人。

15 成都一诊适应性考试作文范文

Dear Headmaster,

I’m writing to make some suggestions for improving the dining conditions of our school. Because too many students have meals in the dining room and therefore it takes quite a long time to queue. Some students even jump the queue. Worse still, some even occupy seats for their friends or classmates, which makes quite a few students unable to find tables to sit at.

Immediate measures must be taken to solve the problem. First, it must be forbidden to jump the queue and occupy seats. Second, students in different grades can take turns to have meals. For example, those in higher grades can have meals 10 minutes late. Anyway, the best way is to build a new dining room, if possible.

There are my suggestions and I hope they could mean something for better future of our dining conditions. Looking forward to your reply.

Yours,

Zhang Hua

假如你是高中三年级的学生李华,你在学校组织了一项“有烦恼向谁说”的调查活动,请用英语给校报编辑写一封信,反映相关情况。内容包括:调查结果(如图所示)、持相应想法的理由及对你调查的看法。

Dear Editor,

I’m a Senior Three student . Recently we have carried out a suvey –“ To whom do you go when in trouble? ” The main findings are as follows.

61% of the students surveyed select friends or schoolmates as their ideal listensers when they have trouble, the reason of which is that they are in the same age group and have a better

understanding of each other. Another 22% choose teachers and parents to talk to. They suggest that teachers and parents are rich in life and educational experiences. Nevertheless, there are also 17% who don’t share their troubles at all. They say that their troubles are none of other’s business. Others find it hard to get along with others.

It is not easy to reach definite conclusions based on such a small example. However, some general comments can be made. It seems clear from response that some students lack

communication with others and teachers and parents need to play a more important role in their lives. Yours sincerely,

Li Hua