五年级 议论文 17438字 432人浏览 小林绿5


一 、 人 生 哲 理

1 、 合 作


cooperate with others/be in cooperation with others/be in collaboration with others/work together team spirit/group spirit/community spirit 团队精神

active/effective/mutual/close cooperation

sense of teamwork 团队意识

ask for/call for/demand/seek cooperation 寻求合作

take an active part in cooperation/cooperate actively 积极合作

end cooperation 中止合作

make concerted/joint efforts/pool one’s efforts together 齐心协力

solidarity and friendship 团结友爱

essentially/mutually complementary

win-win/all win/win for all 共赢

2 、 乐 观、 悲观

optimism/optimistic/optimist/optimistic mind/optimistic attitude


show/display/demonstrate optimism

adopt/possess a(n) optimistic (positive) attitude (view, outlook) towards life(the problems confronting us)

blind optimism

excessively/overly/wildly optimistic 过于乐观

3 、 信 心

boost/enhance/improve/increase/lift/raise confidence

gain/acquire confidence 获得自信

rebuild/restore/regain/revive confidence 重获信心

damage/weaken/undermine confidence

the lack of confidence/lack confidence

exaggerate/overestimate/overrate difficulties

underestimate one’s abilities

4 、 进 取 精 神 / 坚 持 :

an enterprising spirit 进取精神

non-stop efforts

open up new ways forward 开拓前进

make progress constantly

move forward constantly

make constant efforts

never stop making progress

never give up

keep making progress

keep on striving

5 、 尚 未 考 到 的:

diligence/hard work Great works are performed not by strength but by perseverance.

the spirit of self-improvement 自强不息


pursuit of one’s dream/ambition/aspiration/a great aim (goal)

innovation/creative thinking/the spirit of exploration

a down-to-earth working style 踏实、实干

friendship/love/mutual affection among different people/individuals showing consideration for people around 善待身边的人

indifference to other people

self-depreciation 自卑

modesty 谦虚 /avoid conceit and impetuosity 戒骄戒躁

the mutual understanding between people (parents and their children) keep pace with the times/advance with times 与时俱进

rise to the occasion 迎难而上

二、 社 会 热 点

1 、社会 公 德

public morality 社会公德

awaken/wake up moral consciousness 道德意识

advocate traditional virtue/traditional moral values 弘扬传统美德 (distinguished/fine traditions)

duty/responsibility/obligation 责任

sense of responsibility

shoulder/assume/undertake one’s duty/responsibility 承担责任 fulfill/discharge/perform one’s duty/responsibility 履行责任

avoid/evade/shirk/shun one’s duty/responsibility 逃避责任

devote/dedicate, devotion/dedication

selfish devotion 无私奉献

the crisis of trust 信任危机

decline in moral standards

the corruption of public morality 公德堕落

the lack of moral sense 道德缺失

put more attention on self-interest

talk less about the sprit of sacrifice, contribution, mutual aid

selfish soul 自私的灵魂

immoral behaviors/conduct 不道德的行为

spit everywhere 随地吐痰

make noise, talk loudly 大声喧哗

to respect the old and care for the young 尊老爱幼

Project Hope 希望工程

China Red Cross Foundation 中国红十字会

charities 慈善机构


poor rural areas/poverty-stricken areas/impoverished areas

start schooling 入学

drop out of school 辍学

attend school>go to school 上学

finish school/finish one’s studies 完成学业

wealth-flaunters/flaunt wealth 炫富


2 、 职 业 道德

lack of occupational self-discipline

empty promise in the market promotion 空洞的承诺

false promise in the market promotion 虚假承诺

honesty 诚信

sales of counterfeit/fake goods/commodities to consumers( 反义 genuine commodity)

dishonest/fraudulent behaviors 欺诈行为 (put on civilized outer clothing to please or deceive the public.)


misleading/distorted information

reliable/dependable/trustworthy information

academic corruption 学术腐败

plagiarism 剽窃

food safety 食品安全

construction quality 工程质量

drainage oil 地沟油

poisonous milk powder 毒奶粉

unaffordable prices of medicines 药价虚高

illegal adds 非法广告

unfair competitions 不公平竞争

administration departments 管理部门

supervision departments 监管部门

authorities/departments concerned 有关当局、部门

merchant 商人、商家

manufacturer 厂家

enterprise operator 企业经营者

disregard laws 漠视法律

shift the blame onto sb 推卸责任

disregard of laws and lack of any sense of social responsibility

infringement on consumers’ rights and interests

overwhelming desire for profits

profits weigh much more than public benefits/public good

be in the vulnerable position (一般指消费者处于弱势的地位)

perform/fulfill one’s duty fairly and effectively 公正有效地履行职责

3 、 两 代 关 系

1 、 赡养父母

the old/the elderly/elderly people/the senior/senior citizens/the aged/aged people

aging society 老龄化社会

aging of population 人口老龄化

filial piety 孝道

fulfill filial duty/show filial piety to parents/practice filial piety 尽孝

support (take care of, sustain) aged parents (the old and infirm parents/the old/the aged/the elderly/the

senior/senior citizens) 赡养老年人

show solicitude for parents 关心父母

mistreat/ill-treat/maltreat parents

neglect sb/show no care (concern) for sb/lack concern for sb/treat sb thoughtlessly

take (shoulder, assume) the responsibility for sth

shirk (avoid, shift, abdicate) the responsibility for sth

duty/obligation of the young

traditional virtue of our nation

the wellbeing of the seniors/the heath and happiness of seniors

make painstaking efforts/expend all one’s energies 费劲心血

one ’s later years/one’s remaining years 晚年

Charity begins at home. 百善孝为先

2 、溺爱孩子

raise/breed/foster/nurture/bring up 抚养

spoil children/dote on children

doting care/parental overprotection 溺爱

A child under the complete protection of parents/parental overprotection/be over loved (over protected) by

parents/excessive love from their parents/over-dependence on parents/be carefully protected from hardship

fragile young people


children born in the 1980s, majority of them being the only child in their family(family-planning policy)

encourage him or her to think and act independently

help children towards independence/self-reliance

suffer hardships/stand sufferings/bear tribulation

create optimum conditions for children’s growth

the pillar of the state

3 、代沟:

generation gap

widen/expand generation gap (widen/expand the gap between the child and parents)

narrow/bridge generation gap (narrow/bridge the gap between the child and parents)

exchange ideas

mutual understating/make allowance for each other 相互理解、相互体谅


reinforce family bonds/ties

get estranged from one’s family members

4 、啃老族

boomerang kids/children (the NEET group) 啃老族 NEET 的全称是( Not currently engaged in

traffic jam/congestion, heavy traffic 交通堵塞

morning and evening peak 早晚高峰

rush hour 交通高峰期

bus lane 公交专用车道

odd-and-even license plate rule 单双号限行

traffic restrictions based on the last digit of license plate numbers 尾号限行

traffic control 交通管制

car-free day 无车日

private cars 私家车

develop public transport 发展公共交通

green commuting 绿色出行

green commuter

Let's green our commute

drunk driving 醉驾

drive after drinking /drive under the influence of alcohol 酒驾

drive when tired 疲劳驾驶

traffic accidents 交通事故

8 、 经 济

economic crisis/financial crisis 经济、金融危机

the fallout of economic crisis/financial crisis 经济、金融危机的影响

fierce/intense/furious/cut-throat competition

spur/stimulate economic development

hinder/impede economic development

job market 就业市场

look for/hunt for/seek a job

job seeker

a tough job market 严峻的就业形势

unrealistic salary expectations/pursue a high-paid job

in the pursuit of short-term returns

lack the qualities and skills required for the jobs they seek

without/lack of practical experience/hands-on experience/practical abilities/vocational skills/career skills

generate/create/afford job opportunities/employment opportunities

career guidance 就业指导

start one’s own business 创业

allocate money to…

reduce the funding for…

lift/elevate people’s standard of living

lower citizens’ standard of living

eliminate poverty

expand the gap between the wealthy and the needy

slow down the pace of life

speed up/accelerate/quicken the pace of life

increase/expand domestic demand

stimulate/spur/reduce consumption

practice economy 实行节约


三、 文 化 和 教 育 类

1 、 文化交 流、 融合

cultural exchanges/interaction/interchange 文化交流 (frequent/constant/common cultural exchanges between

different countries)

The cultural blending/the cultural integration/the cultural fusion 文化融合

The integration/blending/combination/fusion/collision of worldwide (global) cultures

fusion of East and West/integration of Chinese and Western cultures

traditional Chinese culture/national culture (Each national culture is a component of international culture)

alien/foreign culture

cultural identity 文化特性

cultural diversity 文化多样性

multiculturalism 多元文化

the co-existence of multi-cultures

2 、 中 国 传 统文化

traditional Chinese culture as priceless spiritual treasure

a long and colorful/splendid Chinese culture

splendid and glorious cultural heritage/legacy/relics 辉煌灿烂的文化遗产

oriental glamour(charm)/the glamour (charm) of our culture

invaluable/priceless spiritual treasure/wealth of all human beings

Chinese cultural symbols 中国文化的符号

the unique characteristics/feature of each culture (possess unique characteristics/feature) the inheritance and development of culture from one generation to another

show respect for/show honor to our own culture

advocate/carry forward traditional culture

gain deeper insight into/have a deeper understanding of/get a clear perspective of our own culture preserve and cherish traditions

ignore/disregard traditions

undermine traditions

strengthen the cultural identity of a nation rather than erode the cultural identity of a nation Interpretation of classics can promote cultural development positively.

Soft power

Kung Fu 功夫

Peking/Beijing opera 京剧 (outdated)

Tang Suit 唐装

traditional Chinese medicine (not scientific)

folk art 民间艺术

paper-cut 剪纸

traditional Chinese philosophy

Buddhism 佛

Confucianism 儒 /Confucius 孔子 /Confucius Institute 孔子学院

Humanity/Benevolence 仁

Taoism 道

Rite 礼

Butterfly Lovers 梁祝

classical ballet — the Swan Lake 天鹅湖

Enlightenment from the west 启蒙

Chinese craze 中国热

upsurge of Chinese craze

3 、流 行文化

网 络

The Internet/the virtual net/the virtual world/the virtual net world /the cyber space

Information superhighway

With the advent/dawn of the Internet (era/age)


the widespread/extensive use of the Internet

a global village

loyal/hardcore/frequent Internet users (netizens)

web/net/online addiction (net indulgence)

click the mouse

press keys on the keyboard

Internet café

use the Internet/go on the Internet/surf the Internet (online)/have access to the Internet/linger online 上网

visit/log in a website

download something from the Internet

buy something on the Internet

online shopping/banking

chat/shop/book online

make friends online

chat online

online gossip

online games

online job application

group/integrate buying/purchase 团购

广 告

the pervasive advertisements/advertising/commercials on TV


a newspaper/magazine/TV/Internet/full-page advertisements


put/place an advertisement in newspaper/website

display advertisements 播放广告

implant/insert ads 植入广告

be overwhelmed with advertisements

emerge at the intervals between programs

be inserted in programs, separating the whole into short pieces

be implanted as a segment of programs

the main channel/source of revenue for TV stations

misleading/distorted/fraudulent information in TV commercials

the State Administration of Radio, Film and Television 广电总局 introduce/impose restrictions on advertisements

偶 像

idol worship/star worship/star chasing/idolatry 偶像崇拜

superstar followers/crazy fans of the stars 追星族

affect one’s studies/schoolwork 影响某人的学业

run wild/become so hard to control 变得不听管教

drop out/leave off one’s studies 辍学

grow up in good health 健康成长

4 、教育

schooling 学校教育

life-long education 终身教育

compulsory education 义务教育

exam/test-oriented (driven) education 应试教育

education for all-round development 素质教育

well-rounded development of a child 全面发展

balanced development of a child 均衡发展

promote the student’s physical, mental(intellectual) and emotional development force-feeding method of teaching 填鸭式教学

force-feed the students

Students should not be treated as passive receptacles of predigested ideas 64

learn sth by rote 死记硬背

learn sth through understanding

impart knowledge 传授知识

acquire (gain) knowledge/skills

instill high moral values

academic/theoretical knowledge

practical skills

equip oneself with academic knowledge and practical skills

integrate theory with practice

disconnect theory from practice

shape/mould one’s character

extra-curricular activities 课外活动

the spirit of exploration

cultivate (nurture, foster) creative/original thinking

think independently and critically

stifle/constrain/extinguish creativity

follow sth blindly/indiscriminately

dampen the students’ enthusiasm/frustrate the students

broaden/expand one’s vision/outlook/horizons 开阔眼界

stimulate one’s interest in sth

sap/dampen student’s interest in sth

strengthen/weaken students’ willpower

tap one’s potential 开发潜能

fulfill one’s potential 发挥潜能

waste one’s potential

give students motivation to do sth/motivate(stimulate) students to do sth

(re)kindle students’ enthusiasm about…

give the students inspiration

pursue post-graduate study/take part in the entrance exams for postgraduates 考研

study abroad/go abroad for further education 出国留学

excessive/undue academic pressure 过大的学习压力

the burden of study/learning 学习负担

ease/relieve academic pressure

intensify academic pressure

affect academic performance 影响学习成绩

academic atmosphere 学习气氛

四 、人 与 自 然

1 、人与 环 境

protect/preserve the environment/the preservation of environment

destroy/destruct/ruin/devastate the environment/ the destruction of environment

environmental degradation/environmental deterioration/the deteriorating environment

reckless exploitation of environment

keep the balance of ecosystem/nature (by prohibiting the actions of blind exploitation)

keep ecological balance

disturb ecological balance/the serious disturbance of ecological balance

maintain/disturb harmony between human beings and the environment

maintain/disturb harmonious coexistence between human beings and nature

arouse/enhance the sense (awareness/consciousness) of environmental preservation/environmental awareness(sense/consciousness)

the lack/absence of the sense (awareness/consciousness) of environmental preservation/environmental


environment protectors/environmentalist/conservationist


environment destroyers

save energy and reduce the emission of greenhouse gases 节能减排

low-carbon lifestyle/ “ green ” lifestyle

develop low-carbon economy 低碳经济

environment-friendly(eco-friendly) products 环保产品

clean and renewable resources 清洁可再生资源( solar and wind energy )

climate change 气候变化

global warming 全球变暖

the greenhouse effect 温室效应

“holes” in the ozone layer /the thinness of the ozone layer

reduce exhaust emission from cars/automobiles 减少汽车尾气的排放

low-emission cars 小排量汽车 (small-engine cars/automobiles/vehicles)

high-emission cars 大排量汽车 (vehicles with high emission)

public transport 公共交通

green commuting 绿色出行

green commuter

Let's green our commute

air pollution

degradation/deterioration of air quality

discharge/emit poisonous/toxic gas 排放有毒气体

PM 2.5

ecological disaster/natural disaster

reduce water and soil erosion( 水土流失 ) or desertification

Deforestation has caused more sandstorms.

Deforestation has turned a quarter of territory into desert.

acid rain


sandstorm ( 可数 )

snowstorm ( 可数 )

toxic waste 有毒废物

industrial waste 工业废物

Industrial sewage 工业废水

sewage discharge 废水排放

sewage treatment 污水处理

multipurpose use 综合利用

white pollution

limit/ban/prohibit the use of disposable plastic bags/packages

use throwaway degradable plastic bags 可降解一次性塑料袋

disposable chopsticks

use recyclable and reusable products rather than disposable

household garbage 生活垃圾

garbage classification 垃圾分类

throw away/discard/desert/litter waste (rubbish, garbage, trash, litter)

snack bags 零食袋

leftovers ( 必须用复数 )


carry out/implement sustainable development strategy 实施可持续发展战略 (put…into effect) promote sustainable development rather than push forward the economy at the expense of the ecosystem

create pleasant living environment 创造怡人的生活环境

enhance the cityscape

paste/post illegal ads/hard-to-remove bills

hand leaflets out/distribute leaflets 发传单

carve/inscribe characters (like…) on the wall or statues, which causes damage, irremediab le in some cases,

to the cultural relics and historic sites and takes even more money to repair.

make our city untidy and unorganized

2 、 人与 资 源

conserve water/water conservation

consume water/water consumption

water shortage=shortage (scarcity/dearth) of water

conserve (scarce) natural resources

consume/deplete natural resources

put a strain on the resources/stretch resources to the limit

use resources properly rather than use up/exhaust natural resources

over-exploit natural resources/over-exploitation of natural resources/abuse of natural resources exploit natural resources unlimitedly and blindly without considering the potential damage that can be done

to nature, and more important, to human beings

the abuse of natural resources

harness natural resources rather than misuse natural resources

non-renewable resources are in a state of rapid exhaustion

short-term commercial interests

the profit-oriented behavior

leadership’s obsession with short-term growth

devastating effects/destructive effects

exploit renewable resources

keep the balance of nature by prohibiting the actions of blind/reckless exploitation

3 、人与 动 物

wild species 野生物种

wild animals/wildlife/wild life

save/preserve/protect endangered wild animals/wildlife from extinction

endanger wild animals

destruct wildlife’s habitats/the destruction of wildlife’s habitats

create nature reserve 创建自然保护区

create a pleasant living environment for the wildlife

die out/go extinction/disappear from the planet

prevent the extinction of wild species

enrich biodiversity

jeopardize biodiversity

population explosion/population boom/population growt