写作文档
四年级 记叙文 9222字 48人浏览 vicky纳美

写作

一.评分标准

1. 本题满分为15分。

2. 阅卷标准共分五等:2分、5分、8分、11分及14分。各有标准样卷一至二份。

3. 阅卷人员根据阅卷标准,对照样卷(range finder )评分,若认为与某一份数(如8分) 相

似,即定为该分数(即8分) ;若认为稍优或稍劣于该分数,即可加一分(即9分) 或减一分(即7分) ,但不得加或减半分。

1. 评分标准:

2分……条理不清,思路紊乱,语言支离破碎或在部分句子均有错误,且多数为严重错误。 5分……基本切题。表

达思想不清楚,连贯性差。有较多的严重语言错误。

8分……基本切题。有些地方表达思想不够清楚,文字勉强连贯;语言错误相当多,其中有一些是严重错误。 11分……切题。表达思想清楚,文字连贯,但有少量语言错误。 14分……切题。表达思

想清楚,文字通顺,连贯性好。基本上无语言错误,仅有个别小错误。

[注:白卷,作文与题目毫不相关,或只有几个孤立的词而无法表达思想,则给0分。]累记字数按照CET4 100-119 100-109 90-99 80-89 70-79 少于69酌情扣分。 写作的过程

二.如何提高写作分数

1. 切题---审题/读图表/

理解材料

2. 包含提纲要点(注意无提纲写作)

3. 语段层次和连贯

That’s in junior, when My first love had been false. It made me a low emotion so that my study bring down quickly. Until that day, my headmaster talked with me many many things. She told me: The failure is the mother

of success. What can I do for the society in the future and how to meet the love and so forth. 因果关系:… and so…; another important factor/reason …; as a consequence; as a result; as; because; because of; being that; consequently; due to; for the reason that; for the same reason; for; hence; for this reason; in consequence; in that… ; in view of; owing to; since; so; … so that…; the reason seems obvious; there are about…; therefore; thus; obviously; evidently 并列关系:and; also; as well as; both … and …; either… or …; neither… nor …; not only… but also…; in the same way; too

序列关系: first…, second…, third…, and so forth; A…, B…, C…, and so forth; next; then; following this; at the same time; now; at this point; after; afterwards; subsequently; finally; previously; before this; simultaneously; concurrently; thus; therefore; hence; next; and then; soon 递进关系:accordingly; as a popular saying goes…; as far as… is concerned; at the same time; besides; even; further; furthermore; in addition; in order to…; in other words; in the first place…, in the second place…; in this way; meanwhile; moreover; not only…, but also…; not… but…; lastly; for one thing…, for another…

转折关系:yet; but; unless; despite that; in spite of; though; although; although this may be true; even so; even though; however; sometimes; once in a while; independent of; reckless of; regardless of

时空关系:afterwards; as soon as; at least; before; eventually; every; first; first of all; first and foremost; for a start; meanwhile; in the meantime; while; now; next; not … until; later; formerly; previously; prior to; since then; since; subsequently; till; to begin with; to start with; when; then 条件关系:as long as; even if; even though; if it necessary; if not all; if possible; if so; if; lest; once; provided that; unless

重复关系:in brief; as I have said; as I have noted; as has been noted; as is mentioned above 比较关系:apart from; by the same token; compared with; in comparison with; in the same vein; like; likewise; rather than; similarly; similarly important; equally; when compared with; when in fact…

对比关系:after all; as opposed to; balanced against; up against; vis a vis; where; conversely; on the one hand… on the other hand…; contrary to; conversely unlike; different from this; however; in contrast; nevertheless; on the contrary; oppose to; whereas; while

举例关系:a good example would be; for example; for instance; in this case; in another case; on this occasion; in this situation; take the case of; to demonstrate; to illustrate; according to; as an illustration; as for; as regards; as to; in particular; including; namely; notably; such as; like; take… as an example; you may say

总结关系:accordingly; altogether; as a result; consequently; hence; in one word; in brief; in short; in other words; in summary; on the whole; in conclusion; overall; the conclusion can be safely drawn that…; therefore; to conclude; to sum up; summing up; as I have shown; as I have said; hence; all in all

强调关系:definitely; extremely; obviously; absolutely; positively; naturally; surprisingly; always; forever; perennially; eternally; emphatically; never; unquestionably; without a doubt; certainly; surely; undeniably; without reservation; believe it or not; especially; particularly; in particular; specifically; in fact; as a matter of fact; actually; in deed; moreover; not to mention…; what is more important; notably; that is.

顺带插入:to be frank/ frankly speaking, needless to say, generally speaking, in one sense/ in a way/ to some degree/ to some extent, believe it or not, 等

4. 语句结构(Chinglish )

和言之有物

学生会: student conference(meet/ body/united/company/unit/family/ party/congress/hui) 毛主席: Chair Mao

教他们口语: teach them

mouth language

你心动乐吗? Do your mind shake?

世界杯啦啦队:we need students to make a La-La team in the world cup

Oh, no! one of the teachers looks so ugly that I am in no mood writing. She may not have a boyfriend because of her bad temper. I will pass the cet if only there are all good teachers in

classroom.

5. 词汇准确和多样性

Let’s marry our teachers.All teachers marry together. The teacher like my mother.

6. 语法

7. 写作修辞

If I were a flower, you must be a person writing

flowers.

If I were a black day, you must be a light of brightness.

If I was a bird, you must be air, making me fly.

三. 写作体裁和题材

1.提纲作文

2.图画作文

3.图标作文

4.读后感作文

5.书信体和演讲类 题材:

立志(成功/成才):

succeed, achieve success, spare no efforts/pains to do (不遗余力去做某事), make great effort, be persistent with sth./ do with full persistence(坚持不懈地做某事), fear to lose(害怕失败), try every means to stay on top (尽一切努力取得成功),motive (动机),ambition (抱负),prominent (杰出的) ,rank the top(名列前茅),versatile (多才多艺的),individual self-realization (自我实现), stand up to/ withstand challenges and difficulties(经得住挑战与困难)

经济:

economy, finance, commerce/commercial, economic globalization (经济全球化), sustainable development(可持续发展),unfair competition(不正当竞争),promote sales(促销), fake and inferior product(假冒伪劣产品), crack down on fake commodities (打假), boom (繁荣), purchasing power (购买力), management (管理), fierce competition (激烈竞争), after-sale service (售后服务), bread –and – butter issue (生计问题), enterprise image(企业形象),retail (零售), credit crisis(信用危机), stabilize prices (稳定物价), brand effect(品牌效应),popular pastime (流行的消遣方式) 文化:

culture and civilization(文化和文明), great and profound (博大精深的),diversity (多样性),integration and interaction(融合交汇),crash (碰撞), original (原创原始的),minority (少数民族),revealing (有启发的),charming (极具魅力的),splendid (壮丽辉煌的),erotic (色情的), talk show(谈话节目),English fever(英语热)

环保:

environment- friendly (生态型的,环保的),conserve natural habitats (保护生存环境),pollute/contaminate(污染), natural resources (自然资源),energy conservation and environmental protection (节能环保),biodiversity (生物多样性), extinction (灭绝),threat of global warming(全球变暖的威胁), promote fundamental shifts in the economic system and mode of economic growth(促进经济体制和经济增长方式的转变), bring about harmony of economic returns and contribution to society and environmental protection (实现经济效益、社会效益和环境效益的统一), impact on the quality of the water and the air(对水质和空气质量的影响), curb environmental pollution/ bring the pollution under control(治理环境污染),develop renewable resources (开发可再生资源),a low-carbon economy (低碳经济),environmental awareness(环境意识)

科技:

science and technology(科学技术),web-addiction (沉迷网络), computer crime(电脑犯

罪), e-commerce (电子商务), virtual life (虚拟生活),information era(信息时代),cyber romance (网恋),surf the Internet(网上冲浪)

就业:

job market (就业市场), resume (简历),job hunter/seeker(求职者), employment pressure(就业压力),employer (招聘方), employee (应聘者), applicant (申请人), position available/ vacant position(空缺职位), candidate (人选), competent(能胜任的), be qualified for (合格的), proficiency (熟练程度),college expansion of enrollment, (大学扩招),contradiction between supply and demand(供求关系矛盾), not in line with speciality(与专业不符), job arrangement and benefit (工作待遇和福利), promotion (晋升), gender-biased (性别歧视的), appearance-biased (相貌歧视的)

大学生活/教育:

innovative learning (创新学习), higher education (高等教育), drop-out (辍学), fake certificate/diploma(假毕业证/文凭),the craze for graduate school(考研热),cultivate (培养), poverty-stricken students(贫困学生),faculty (全体教员),further one’s study (深造),quality education(素质教育),teacher-centered, (以教师为中心) student-centered, (以学生为中心),campus digitalization (校园数字化),foster abilities (培养能力),relieve the burden on students(减轻学生负担),be occupied with so much schoolwork(忙于功课),college, university, students union(学生会), undergraduate association(研究生会), extracurricular(课余的),develop personal specialities(发展个人特长), place emphasis on(以…为重心),comprehensive (全面的,广泛的),practical capability(实际能力),duck-stuffing (填鸭式), diploma craze (文凭热),demanding (要求高的),rigid (严格的),scholarship (奖学金),potential (潜在的,潜力),educational reform(教学改革), academic (学术的),part-time (兼职的),tutor (做家教)

社会现象:

phenomenon (现象),issue (争议,焦点),enlightening (富有启发的),cause alarm and attention(引起了警惕和重视),corrupt people’s mind (腐化心灵),immoral behaviors(不道德的行为),at the cost of (以…为代价),human relations(人际关系),set good example for(为…树立榜样),dedicate (做贡献), take action (采取行动),ensure implementing activities(确保执行), impose punishment on them(施加处罚),aggravate the seriousness of…(使之恶化),commit crime(犯罪),vulnerable (易诱惑的,易受影响的),criteria of evaluation(衡量标准),be supposed to(应该)

人物特征、情感描写:

strong-minded (坚强的),industrious (勤奋的), harmonious (和谐的), cooperative (合作的),self-centered (以自我为中心的),promising (有前途的),dynamic (有生气的),responsible (有责任心的), influential (有影响力的), profound (渊博精深的),devoted (忠实的,投入的),generous (慷慨的),critical (吹毛求疵),warm-hearted (热心的),gratitude (n. 感激),awkward (尴尬的),hospitality (n. 热情好客),appreciate (v. 感激,感谢),apologize (v. 道歉),enthusiastic (热情的)