雅思必背小作文
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1.The graph illustrates changes in the amounts of beef, lamb, chicken and fish consumed in a particular European country between 1979 and 2004.

2.In 1979 beef was by far the most popular of these foods, with about 225 grams consumed per person per week. Lamb and chicken were eaten in similar quantities (around 150 grams), while much less fish was consumed (just over 50 grams).

3.However, during this 25-year period the consumption of beef and lamb fell dramatically to approximately 100 grams and 55 grams respectively. The consumption of fish also declined, but much less significantly to just below 50 grams, so although it remained the least popular food, consumption levels were the most stable.

4.The consumption of chicken, on the other hand, showed an upward trend, overtaking that of lamb in 1980 and that of beef in 1989. By 2004 it had soared to almost 250 grams per person per week.

5.Overall, the graph shows how the consumption of chicken increased dramatically while the popularity of these other foods decreased over the period.

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分析:

第一段:

1 The graph illustrates changes in the amounts of beef, lamb, chicken and fish consumed in a particular European country between 1979 and 2004.

The graph illustrates changes 描述变化的常用句式。in the amounts of在---数量上。Consumed 是过去分词作后置定语,表示“被消费”。相当于which were consumed的定语从句。

第二段:

1 In 1979 beef was by far the most popular of these foods, with about 225 grams consumed per person per week.

By far 是在那时,是常用的时间状语;the most popular 最高级,of 后面加“总体”,最高级的整体。With 后面加数字;consumed 是过去分词做后置定语,相当于which were consumed。

2 Lamb and chicken were eaten in similar quantities (around 150 grams), while much less fish was consumed (just over 50 grams).

In similar quantities 是“相似的数量”的意思,括弧里面加入具体的数字,是常用的数据引出方式。Much less是“更少”,much 修饰比较级less ;(just over 50 grams)同样也是用括号引出数据。

第三段:

1 However, during this 25-year period the consumption of beef and lamb fell dramatically to approximately 100 grams and 55 grams respectively.

However 连接前后两个段落,两个数据。第二段属于静止描述起始点的数值,接下来描述以后的数据变化,就可以用however 来连接。During this 25-year period 在这25年的阶段里。Respectively 是副词“分别地”的意思,通常用于修饰两个数据,分别是某两个数字。

2 The consumption of fish also declined, but much less significantly to just below 50 grams

Also--- but ,描述相同的趋势但不同的变化程度。Less significantly 是与之前的变化相比较得出的结论,前面也是“巨大”,但这个变化速度不如之前“巨大”。

第四段:

1 The consumption of chicken, on the other hand, showed an upward trend, overtaking that of lamb in 1980 and that of beef in 1989.

On the other hand另一方面。Show an upward trend,“展示了一个上升的趋势”,属于固定表达。Overtaking 是doing 现在分词作伴随状语的用法,它是定语从句变化而来,相当于which overtakes,如果动词和关系代词的关系是主动,则把动词改成doing 即可。That of beef的that 相当于consumption ,因为与前面短语格

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式一模一样,所以为避免重复,用that 代替。

第五段:

1 Overall, the graph shows how the consumption of chicken increased dramatically while the popularity of these other foods decreased over the period.

Overall 是“总体来说”的意思,通常是小作文的最后总阶段用词。the graph shows how 改图展示了如何---,while 连接两个趋势。这个重复描述图形的整体变化趋势的句子是常用的总阶段写法。

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The charts below show the levels of participation in education and science in developing and industrialized countries in 1980 and 1990.

Write a report a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

1.The data shows the differences between developing and industrialized countries’ participation in education and science.

2.In terms of the number of years of schooling received, we see that the length of time people spend at school in industrialized countries was much greater at 8.5 years in 1980, compared to 2.5 years in developing countries. The gap was increased further in 1900 when the figures rose to 10.5 years and 3.5 years respectively.

3.We can see a similar pattern in the second graph, which shows that the number of people working as scientists and technicians in industrialized countries increased from 55 to 85 per 1,000 people between 1980 and 1990, while the number in developing countries went from 12 to 20.

4.Finally, the figures for spending on research and development show that industrialized countries more than doubled their spending, from $200bn to$420bn, while developing countries decreased theirs , from$75bn down to $25bn.

5.Overall we can see that not only are there very large differences between the two economies but that there gaps are widening.

分析

第一段:

1 The data shows the differences between developing and industrialized countries’ participation in education and science.

本句话依旧是对题干进行改写。Data 是“数据”,相当于figure ,number ,percentage ,proportion 等。

第二段:

1 In terms of the number of years of schooling received, we see that the length of time people spend at school in industrialized countries was much greater at 8.5 years in 1980, compared to 2.5 years in developing countries.

这一段讨论第一组图,in terms of “在---方面”,引出所要讨论的东西。Received 是过去分词做后置定语,we see that是常用句式。Compared to这里等同于compared with,与---比起来,相当于than 。

2 The gap was increased further in 1900 when the figures rose to 10.5 years and

3.5 years respectively.

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本句讨论两个柱状之间的差距。When 引导状语从句,respectively 是“分别地”,引出两组数据。

第三段:

1 We can see a similar pattern in the second graph, which shows that the number of people working as scientists and technicians in industrialized countries increased from 55 to 85 per 1,000 people between 1980 and 1990, while the number in developing countries went from 12 to 20.

We can see a similar pattern in the second graph是常用句型,which 引导定语从句,which 代替上文的整个句子或pattern 这个名词,working 是现在分词做后置定语,相当于who work。While 连接两个变化趋势相反的句子,作对比。

第五段:

1 Overall we can see that not only are there very large differences between the two economies but that there gaps are widening.

本句依然是对总体趋势进行总结。That 后面引导宾语从句。Not only --- but also 不但而且。但同时作为that 的宾语从句,又因为not only位于句首,而采用的倒装形式。Not only部分倒装are there,but also部分不倒装。

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1.The charts compare the sources of electricity in Australia and France in the years 1980 and 2000. Between these years, electricity production almost doubled, rising from 100 units to 170 in Australia, and from 90 to 180 units in France.

2.In 1980 Australia used coal as the main electricity source (50 units) and the remainder was produced from natural gas, hydro power (each producing 20 units) and oil (which produced only 10 units). By 2000, coal had become the fuel for more than 75% of electricity produced and only hydro continued to be another significant source supplying approximately 20%.

3.In contrast, France used coal as a source for only 25 units of electricity in 1980, which was matched by natural gas. The remaining 40 units were produced largely from oil and nuclear power, with hydro contributing only 5 units. But by 2000, nuclear power, which was not used at all in Australia, had developed into the main source, producing almost 75% of electricity, at 126 units, while coal and oil together produced only 50 units. Other sources were no longer significant.

4.Overall, it is clear that by 2000 these two countries relied on different principal

fuel sources: Australia relied on coal and France on nuclear power.

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分析:

第一段:

1 The charts compare the sources of electricity in Australia and France in the years 1980 and 2000

Compare 是“对比”,因为本文有两个国家四幅图,所以用compare 就比较合适。这一句同样是对题干进行改写,交代一下这是什么图。

2 Between these years, electricity production almost doubled, rising from 100 units to 170 in Australia, and from 90 to 180 units in France.

Double 是动词“翻倍”的意思,这里主要讨论数据的整体变化趋势,rising 是rise 的现在分词形式,相当于which rises或which rose。

第二段:

1 In 1980 Australia used coal as the main electricity source (50 units) and the remainder was produced from natural gas, hydro power (each producing 20 units) and oil (which produced only 10 units).

这个句子主要写澳大利亚1980年的最大能源比例,属于特殊值或特征值。And the remainder 是“其余的电”,remainder 相当于代词。这样通过一个句子将其他不重要或不是特征的数值全部说出。

2 By 2000, coal had become the fuel for more than 75% of electricity produced and only hydro continued to be another significant source supplying approximately 20%.

By 2000,到了200年。是引出数据对比。More than 75%,多于75%。And only hydro 引出另外一个特殊值,即水能。

第三段:

1 In contrast, France used coal as a source for only 25 units of electricity in 1980, which was matched by natural gas.

In contrast ,相反。引出法国情况,作为一种对比。Which 引导定语从句,which was matched by 连接另外一个成分coal ,两者数量相等。用match 这个动词。

2 The remaining 40 units were produced largely from oil and nuclear power, with hydro contributing only 5 units.

Be produced by 被---生产的。With 引出复合结构。With sht doing。Contribute 是“贡献”。因为hydro 与contribute 是主动关系,所以用Contributing ,如果逻辑关系式被动,就用contributed 。

3 But by 2000, nuclear power, which was not used at all in Australia, had developed into the main source, producing almost 75% of electricity, at 126 units,

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while coal and oil together produced only 50 units.

But 引出两个不同情况的对比,by 2000引出时间。Which 引出定语从句。Not at all,根本不。Had developed 是主语nuclear power的谓语动词。Producing 是现在分词做伴随状语,相当于定语从句 which produces。While 是连词“而”,连接另外两个对比的东西。Only 起强调作用,表示“少”。

The take below gives information about the underground railway systems in six cities.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The table shows the detailed information regarding the underground railway systems in six cities, namely, London, Paris, Tokyo , Washington DC, Kyoto and Los Angeles.

London has the oldest underground railway system among the six cities which was opened in 1863. And Paris is the second oldest, and it was opened in 1900. This was then followed by other four cities, namely, Tokyo, Washington DC and Kyoto with the opening date of 1927, 1976, and 1981 respectively. As for Los Angeles, it is the last one in this table to have its own underground railway system (opened in 2001).

In terms of the size of the railway system, London enjoys the largest underground railway systems, with 394 kilometres of route in total, which is nearly twice as large as that in Paris(199 kilometres). Kyoto, in contrast, has the smallest

system, for it only has 11 kilometres of route, which is nearly 1/36 of the route of

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London. The other three cities(Tokyo, Washington DC, and Los Angeles) have 155, 126 and 28 kilometres respectively

Interestingly, Tokyo, which only has 155 kilometres of route, enjoys the greatest number of passengers per year, at 1927 million passengers. The system in Paris has the second greatest number of passengers, at 1191 millions passengers per year. The smallest underground railway system, Kyoto, serves the smallest number (only 45 people).

In conclusion, the underground railway systems in different cities vary a lot in the opening date, the size as well as the number of passengers served per year.

The following two maps show the development of a coastal city from 1950 to 2007.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

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The two maps illustrate the changes of a coastal city between 1950 and 2007. We can see clearly that the city became more and more modern.

1n 1950, the city was like a small village, with vast grassland areas all over the city. There was a sea in the north of this city, with a park to the west. In front of the park, there was a big building area where things were under construction. By that time, three large areas were all grasslands, with a cross road dividing them.

However, when it comes to 2007, things experienced significant changes. A new apartment had been built where the park was, and the original building areas were converted into industry buildings such as parks, parking lots and swimming pools. The most obvious changes were that the former grasslands disappeared, becoming cinemas in the southwest, shops in the southeast, and houses in the northeast. On the north side, although the sea was still there, a wharf was built in it so people could travel more easily by sea.

Finally, although there was still a cross road in the city, the horizontal road was moved to the south. By doing so, industry buildings and houses could be left more places to develop. Anyway, the city had experienced tremendous changes throughout the 57-year period.

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The first diagram shows that there are four main stages in the life of the silk worm.

First of all, eggs are produced by the moth and it takes ten days for each egg to become a silkworm larva that feeds on mulberry leaves. This stage lasts for up to six weeks until the larva produces a cocoon of silk thread around itself. After a period of

about three weeks, the adult moths eventually emerge from these cocoons and the

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life cycle begins again.

The cocoons are the raw material used for the production of silk cloth. Once selected, they are boiled in water and the threads can be separated in the unwinding stage. Each thread is between 300 and 900 metres long, which means they can be twisted together, dyed and then used to produce cloth in the weaving stage.

Overall, the diagrams show that the cocoon stage of the silkworm can be used to produce silk cloth through a very simple process.

分析

第一段:

1 The first diagram shows that there are four main stages in the life of the silk worm.

本句话的作用是说明这个流程图分为几个步骤。总起全文。

第二段:

流程图并无习惯性或常用性表达。一定要看好事物发展过程,然后一个阶段一个阶段逐步去描述。

第三段:

1 Overall, the diagrams show that the cocoon stage of the silkworm can be used to produce silk cloth through a very simple process.

这句话的作用是再次对这个流程图进行简要概括,“通过一个简单的过程就能完成”