雾霾作文
初一 议论文 1738字 181人浏览 梦LIFE8

书面表达 (共1题,计15分)

书面表达(本题共1小题。满分15分)

目前,空气污染严重,经常出现雾霾天气。请根据提示写一篇短文,介绍有关雾霾的成因、害处及应对措施,并就如何过低碳生活以保护环境向人们提出合理的建议:

雾霾成因: 1. 越来越多的使用小汽车;2. 人们使用了大量的煤;3. 工厂排放了许多的有害气体;4. 在建造大楼时,有许多的尘土。等

雾霾 害处:

1. 使人容易咳嗽;2. 会导致肺癌。等 应对措施: 1. 尽量不出去;2. 关好门窗;3. 当出去时,应该戴口罩;4. 多吃水果和蔬菜。

合理建议: 就如何保护环境,提出自己的看法,不少于2条建议。

注意:

1. 短文内容应包含所有要点,不要简单翻译,可适当发挥;

2. 文中不得使用真实姓名、校名等信息;

3. 词数90词左右。

参考词汇: hazy weather ( 雾霾天气 ) haze( 雾霾 ) 煤( coal ) 气体( gas )

尘( dust ) 咳嗽( cough ) 肺( lung ) 口罩( mask ) 低碳生活( low-carbon life)

答案:

At present, the air is seriously polluted and the hazy weather often appears. Why? More and more cars are used and plenty of coals are burnt. The factories give out much harmful gas. When many tall buildings are built, there will be much dust in the air. Of course, there are some other reasons. The hazy weather is harmful. It has a bad effect on people. It may make it easy for people to cough. It may also lead to lung cancer. So we must try to protect ourselves. We should try not to go outside and keep the door and windows closed in such weather. When we go out, we should wear masks. We ought to eat more fruits and vegetables to make ourselves stronger.

How can we improve the quality of the air? We should live a low-carbon life. For example, we can go to work by bike or on foot instead of by car. We should plant more and more trees and other plants. I think the air will become cleaner and cleaner in the future.

解析:

试题分析:这是一篇给材料作文。本文所给材料比较详细,我们要做的就是用正确的英语把这些内容表达出来。动笔前要认真阅读材料,不可遗漏要点,要包括雾霾的成因、害处以及解决办法,并适当发挥,给出你的建议。根据材料内容可

知本文主要是一般现在时态,注意时态语时间状语的搭配及主谓一致问题。写作中适当使用连词,注意上下文联系紧密,符合逻辑关系。

【亮点说明】这篇短文使用了大量的固定句式和短语,为文章增色不少。如:at present“目前”; It has a bad effect on people.“对人类有害处”;try to do sth“尽力做某事”以及动词不定式和复合句的使用。学习中注意总结,牢记一些固定句式及短语,写作时就可以适当引用,使文章的表达更有逻辑性,更富有条理。