中考作文
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1 中考英语作文高分秘诀

1. 动笔之前,认真审题

《中考考试说明》指出,书面表达要切中题意。怎样才能切中题意?就是要认真审题,看到考题后,先不要急于动笔,要仔细看清题目要求的内容。在自己的头脑中构思出一个框架或画面,确定短文的中心思想,不要匆匆下笔,看懂题意,根据图画、图表、提纲或短文提供的资料和信息来审题。审题要审格式、体裁、人物关系、故事情节、主体时态、活动时间、地点等。

2. 围绕中心,拟定提纲

书面表达评分原则有四条:

(1)内容要点; (2)运用词汇和结构的数量; (3)运用语法结构和词汇的准确性; (4)上下文的连贯性。

由此可见,要点是给分的一个重要因素。为了防止写作过程中遗漏要点,同学们要充分发挥自己的观察力,把情景中给出的各个要点逐条列出。根据短文的中心思想考虑如何开头、展开和结尾,设想几个承上启下的连词,将主要句型、关键词语草草记下,形成提纲,写时切忌结构分散,废话连篇,严重跑题。书面表达,内容广泛,题材多样,要弄清考题的要求是写人、叙事、介绍、评论、图表、书信、日记、通知、便条还是看图作文或改写缩写。如果是日记,要写清年、月、日和天气情况;如果是书信,则要注意书信的格式,注意短文字数不要低于或超过规定的字数太多。

3. 语言通顺,表达准确

(1) 避免使用汉语式英语,尽量使用自己熟悉的句型。几种句型可交替使用,以避免重复和呆板。

(2) 多用简单句型,记事、写人一般都不需要复杂的句型。可适当多使用陈述句、一般疑问句、祈使句和感叹句。不用或少用非谓语或情态动词等较复杂的句型。

(3).注意语法、句法知识的灵活运用。

1) 语态、时态要准确无误。 2) 主谓语要一致,主语的人称和数要和谓语一致。

3) 注意人称代词的宾格形式。 4) 注意冠词用法,例如: He is an honest student.中的an 不能写成a 。

5) 注意拼写、标点符号和大小写,例如:receive, believe, fourteen, forty, ninth, restaurant 等。

标点符号特别注意汉英的不同,例如:

1) 外表特征:tall, short, fat, thin, strong, weak, ordinary-looking 等。

2) 服饰颜色:red, yellow, blue, white, green, brown, black 等。

3) 内心境界:glad, happy, sad, excited, anxious, interested 等。

4) 感情描写:love, like, hate, feel, laugh, cry, smile, shout 等。

5) 动作描写:come, go, get, have, take, bring, fetch 等。

(5) 上下文要连贯。上下文的连贯性也是评分的一条原则,因此同学们应把写好的句子,根据故事情节,事情发生的先后次序(时间或空间),使用一些表示并列、递进等过渡词进行加工整理,使文章连贯、自然、流畅。同学们应注意下面过渡的用法:

1) 表示并列关系的过渡词:and, as well as, or „

2) 表示转折关系的过渡词:but, yet, however „

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3) 表示时间关系的过渡词:first, second, third, and then, finally, after, before, after a few days, at last, at that time, later, in the past, immediately, in the meanwhile, when, while, then, after that „

4) 表示空间关系的过渡词:near (to), far (from), in the front of, beside, behind, beyond, above, below, to the right, to the left, on one side, on the other side of, outside „

5) 表示比较关系的过渡词:in the same way, just like, just as „

6) 表示对照关系的过渡词:but, still, yet, however, on the other hand, in spite of, even though „

7) 表示递进关系的过渡词: also, and, then, too, in addition, moreover, again „

8) 表示因果关系的过渡词:because, since, then, thus, otherwise, so, therefore ,as a result „

9) 表示解释说明的过渡词:for example, in fact, in this case, for, actually „

10) 表示强调的过渡词:in fact, indeed, necessarily, certainly, without any doubt, truly, most important „

11) 表示目的的过渡词:for this reason, for this purpose, so that, in order that, so as to, in order to, „

12) 表示列举的过渡词:for example , such as „

13) 表示总结性的过渡词:in conclusion, finally, at last, in brief, as has been stated, in a word, in general, in all, in a word, generally speaking „

4. 不会表达,另辟蹊径

中考作文给分是以要点和语言准确度而定,不以文采打分。造句越简单准确越好,造复合句容易出错,容易被扣分,阅卷场上有句话:“错误面前人人平等,文采好不加分”。如遇到个别要点表达不出来或难以表达,可采用变通的办法,化难为易,化繁为简。总之,所造句子要正确、得体、符合英语表达习惯。

(1) 迂回而行

当汉语词义不会用英语表达时,可以想一个与这个汉语词义相似的几种词义。扩展思路,然后从英语中找出一个与其词义相近的代替。这样可有异曲同工之妙。

(2) 小词大用

汉语中有些语意看来很复杂很文雅,但在英语中可用一些常用词表达。下面这些词可能在你的书面表达中很有用:take, have, get, make, come, go, do, see, show, happy, nice, kind, help 等。

(3) 借花献佛

有时书面表达中需要的单词或词组或许在试卷中的其他地方出现。因为刚刚做过题,记忆犹新,那么就可信手拈来,为我所用。

5. 锦上添花,量力而行

如果你还有时间和精力,想把书面表达写得更好,那么,请注意以下几点:

(1) 句型多样化,不要I (We )„„到底,使人觉得乏味。 (2) 适当使用一些并列句或主从复合句。

(3) 进一步描绘人或事物时,适当使用定语从句。 (4) 适当使用分词或分词短语,烘托谓语动词。

(5) 偶尔使用一下倒装句,增加新鲜感。 (6) 适当调换一下状语在句子中的位置,使句子不雷同。

(7) 上下句子紧接时,其中完全相同的成分可以省略,以节省篇幅。

6. 书写工整,卷面整洁

字迹要清晰,让阅卷人看得清楚,不可字迹潦草,难以辨认,要保持卷面的整洁。

7. 写完之后,勿忘检查

中考作文时,由于时间紧、内容多,同学们出错在所难免。因此,改错这一环节必不可少。中考作文评卷是根据要点、语言准确性、上下文的连贯性来给分,根据错误多少来扣分。因此,中考时花几分钟时间用来检查错误显得尤为重要。检查错误应从以下几个方面入手:

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(1) 格式是否有错。 (2) 拼写有无错误。 (3) 语言是否用错。 (4) 时态、语态错误。 (5) 标点错误。 (6) 人称是否用错。

【注意】此时不宜在卷面上作较大的改动,以免顾此失彼,影响全局。

总之,只要平时同学们多练习写作并有意运用上述方法和技巧,合理分配时间,在中考时一定能写出高质量的作文,得到令人满意的考分。

北京选择了五个福娃作为奥运会的吉祥物,他们分别是福娃贝贝、晶晶、欢欢、迎迎和妮妮。请你仔细观察这幅图,写一篇80词左右的短文,向全世界人民介绍他们。

参考词汇: 福娃 Friendlies 吉祥物 mascot 奥运圣火 the Olympic flame

藏羚羊 the Tibetan antelope 燕子 swallow

祝福 blessings 友谊friendship 和平 peace

[范文] The 29th Olympic Games will be held in Beijing, China in 2008. Beijing chooses five friendlies as Olympic mascots. They are Beibei, Jingjing, Huanhuan, Yingying and Nini. They mean “Welcome to

Beijing”. The Blue Beibei is a fish, the black Jingjing is a panda, the red Huanhuan is the Olympic flame, the yellow Yingying is the Tibetan antelope and the green Nini is a swallow.They carry a message of friendship and peace—the blessings from the Chinese to the people from all over the word

我未来的打算(My future plan)

1、以MY Future plan为题目,100字左右2、我决定大学毕业后当一 名中学教师,这是我孩提时代的梦想

3、我很喜欢教师在个职业,与中学生在一 起可以使自己永保青春

4、我国师资力量缺乏,主要原因是教师工作辛苦,收入低。想当老师的人很少,所以需要大批有志青年献身教育事业 [范文] 我未来的打算(My future plan)

I decided to be a middle teacher after college. There are many reasons contribute to this decision.

Firstly, when I was a little/boy, I have been dreaming of being a teacher. It seemed so fascinate to me and I hope I can make my dream come true.

And, I like so much to be with middle school students. Most of the students at that age are full of youthful spirity and I am sure their passion would pass to me. I will retain all the zest of adolescence.

The most important reason is that our country needs plenty of teachers. So far, teaching is considered a tough and low-income job in China. However, if we have not enough teachers, our future will lack of excellent scientist, managers, businessmen, soldiers and even goood workers and farmers. How can our country to be strong and wealthy? I wish my country to be a better one. I am ready to be a teacher and hope all the persons with lofty ideals may dedicate themselves to this meaningful career.

2008年奥运会我要做一名志愿者

I want to be a volunteer of beijing olympic games. I realized the time flies.I must study english very hard. Because English is very useful and it is very important. And to be a

volunteer of the olympic games is good for myself too.I can make some friends from different countries and learn more about sport,about olympic. But the first thing to perpare this is study hard, I am confident i will to be a good volunteer and I will show the world:our country and our cities are so perfect in the world.