考研冲刺写作补充
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考研冲刺写作补充

(2013-11-20 19:29:22)

大作文第二段推荐句型

1, the evidence ... manifests that...

• the evidence that blue sky cannot be seen manifests that pollution is becoing increaingly severe throughout the world.

• 2, 虚拟语气

• if every one of 人 did sth, a dim and gloomy future would be awaiting all the human beings.

• if every one of 人 failed to do sth,.......

万能理由

• 1:with the advance of communication revolution, sth will enable 人 to make more intimate friends ;

• 2: in present--day society, sth will make 人 to be delighted in our routing life

• 3. sth, as we all know, indeed lets 人 reap a lot of fruits in current society.

• 4. without sth, an increasing amount of private individuals would do sth

• (witness a dim and gloomy future)

• 1. 举例:

• 2. 引用名人名言

• Once , there seemed

• a writer who has gained great reputation in Japan

• named __stating that:

• sth is to human beings as blue sky is to little larks.

• sth is to human beings as earthquakes are to natives.

• 3 数据列举

• A recent study revealed the shocking/delightful fact that a large proporation chinese adults hold that sth is playing a key / unnecessary role in our life.

话题预测

1.success;the way to success; failure;frustration;

Fake advertisements; unfair competition;

Teamwork; cooperation; independence;

心理健康;

Experience;

Civilized ; civilization moral

• 2.chance;opportunity ;challenge ;difficulty; pirated discs; authentic ones; knowledge;

• Education

• 第三段

• 第一句话:A (坏东西) Therefore, it is high time that effective measures must be taken to solve the problem. The essential solution, in my opinion, is to …. In addition /apart from this, people’s awareness must be heightened through education and publicity. In a word, we can never solve the problem until all of us take action to regulate people’s behaviors • C (好东西可以提倡保护) what should be done to promote (好事情 the communication between people in the present-day society)? Chinese citizens are excepted to enhance their awareness that sth is an

indispensable part for sth (the construction of harmonious society). The local and central authorities, not only Chinese but also foreign ones, in coordination with the press, are obliged to … , only through these action can the culture between nations have a glorious future. • 最后一句:喊口号

• 1 总结法:every coin has two sides, sth is no exception. What we should pay attention is to 限制缺点发扬优点。

• The sooner effective measures are taken, the more glorious future we will have.

• I believe that a happy and bright future is awaiting us if we make every effort to promote(好事)/ ban (坏事)

• 反问法:isn’t sth is indispensable for the mental health of people —including the young and the old ?

• Shouldn’t we, pay much attention to the issue of sth?

• What does the future hold if mankind persists in doing sth?( wasting natural resources)

完型常见的逻辑关系词

(2013-08-14 13:35:13)

一)逻辑关系题

n1,并列关系:and, and also, or, neither…nor.., either…or, not only…but also, likewise, similarly, equally, in the same way, that is (to say), as well as, the same as.

n 2, 递进关系:also, then, besides, in addition, additionally, moreover, what’s more, furthermore, indeed

n3,因果关系:because, for, since, as, thus, hence, therefore, so, so that, such that, in order that, accordingly, consequently, due to, thanks to, as a result, on account of =in response to=because of

nIn that=because, seeing that, considering that, now that

n4, 转折关系:but, however, yet, by contrast, on the contrary, contrarily, on the other hand, unfortunately

n 5, 让步关系:although, though, even though, even if , even, in spite of, despite, nevertheless, much as, while ,whereas, as

n 6, 其他表示对比关系的词:rather than, instead of, against unlike, not…but

n7, 列举关系:first, second, last ,to begin with,/ to continue,/ next, first/then, on one hand/on the other hand, for one thing/for another thing, one/another, some/others/still others

n8,条件关系:if, only if, if only, unless, otherwise, suppose/ing, provide/ed, as soon as, as long as, in case, when, with

n 9, 举例关系:for example/instance, such as, of/among these+具体例子,to take an example, to illustrate, let’s imagine, more specifically speaking

97

2014考研完型冲刺内容

(2013-01-01 10:17:02) 亲爱的同学们,把完型冲刺的东西整理出来了,希望对同学们有所帮助,呵呵,预祝大家今年考研成功。

一) 概率原则:

2001年改革以后,完型有10个选项变成了20个选项,总结规律发现A.

B.C.D 四个答案各自所占的个数有三种情况,4个,5个,或6个,这不是偶然,是非常符合语言学规律的,所以完型想考0分真的很难,你至少可以得两分没问题的,至多得三分,并且在这四个答案中,A 比较稳定。

二) 红花绿叶原则:

红花词:because, while, however, yet, although

绿叶词:since, ever since, now that, what,unless,

关于:about, as to, with /in reference to, with, respect to, with regard to if only (in case =lest

三) 优先做逻辑关系题:通过前后句的意思及句子内部的关系判断题目的答案。

逻辑关系词一般都是虚词,你都认识,不像实词,涉及到单词的辨析,有难度的。 1, 逻辑关系词的总结:

1,并列关系:and, and al so, or, neither…nor.., either…or, not only…but also, likewise, similarly, equally, in the same way, that is (to say), as well as, the same as.

1), 递进关系:also, then, besides, in addition, additionally, moreover, what’s more, furthermore, indeed(特殊递进,表示强调),

没有still (05 16)

2),因果关系:因:because in that as since for as a result of 果:so that such that lead to consequently as a result

常常会把表示因的词和表示果的词放到一起让你选。In that and so that (96 46)

3), 转折关系:but, however, yet, by contrast, on the contrary, contrarily, on the other hand,(语气很轻)unfortunately

4), 让步关系:although, though, even though, even if , even, in spite of, despite, nevertheless, much as, while ,whereas, (while 和whereas 同时出现选while 06 14 ; 97 48)as

5), 其他表示对比关系的词:admit,(姑且认为是正确的 98 41) rather than, instead of, against (insurance against bad weather 和 02 40题), unlike, not…but. In fact

6), 列举关系:first, second, last ,to begin with,/ to continue,/ next, first/then, on one hand/on the other hand, for one thing/for another thing, one/another, some/others/still others

7),条件关系:if, only if, if only, unless, otherwise, suppose/ing, provide/ed, as soon as, as long as, in case, when, with

8), 举例关系:for example/instance, such as, of/among these+具体例子,to take an example, to illustrate, including(90)

2,逻辑关系题注意事项:

逻辑关系题中,常考的是对比关系的词,其次是因果,然后是举例;所以如果以瞎蒙为主,就先蒙对比关系,然后因果,举例

逻辑关系题的反方向做题 知道前后句子的逻辑关系定位答案,对应成分分析法: Eg I love you but you ___ me; 08 1 15;

四) 同义原则:

实词用的比较多;在四个答案中,

1,当两个或三个实词互为同义词时,答案往往在其中:

2,当两个或三个虚词互为同义词时,答案往往在其外。但有例外 (while 和whereas ;indeed; )

(虚词:代词,连词,介词和感叹词)

3, 当四个选项有一个共同意思时,该意思往往不能入选;选的是某个单词的特殊意思。

五) 熟悉真题中出现过的单词:

做题时哪个答案熟悉,先看哪个答案,你需要把97—08年出现的200多个作为答案的单词搞定滚瓜烂熟;可能选择这个熟悉的单词,即使不选,你也能轻易把它排除掉。

比如说 2005年20题 such as 在2001年31题中出现过,后跟名词,作为正确答案。

06年第9题 display 在03年29题出现过,后跟具体名词,不跟从句。 07年19题 ab 答案在05 15 中出现 (意思是创造新的东西) produce在大港样题中出现,意思是泛指的生产,产生;

08年10题中的 mean 在 98年42题中出现,意思是平均的。

如果你敢说,近十年真题你都会背,并且每个答案都知道为什么选哪个,你这次至少6分。

六) 根据完型文章特点解题:

1, 首段首句不出题,及其重要,即使变态的出题人也不会在此下毒手。 2, 总分进行到底,不仅指整篇完型填空,而且每一段也坚持总分原则。 3,逻辑关系非常明确,逻辑关系题占的比重很大。

四 完型文章中的规律:

1. 做好not 题 (前肯定后否定或前否定后肯定) ,表示前后对立关系:

2. 做好 and题:前后并列关系 =as well as

1)and 前后选同义词:一定要优先选同义词

2)and 前后选同一范围的词:如果没有同义词就选同一范围的词 比如 苹果和橘子;你不能选苹果和袜 子 03 25 and 40

3) 句子对应成分分析法:把and 前后的成分一一对应起来分析;

3. 做好表语题:只要考表语,主语就是提示线索;

当表语是形容词时,主语和表语是修饰关系;I am beautiful

当表语是名词时,表语和主语是对等关系; I am a beauty

03 26; 04 28; 06 8;

4. 利用文章中反复出现的单词或短语做题:

出现两次或两次以上的单词必定是与主题有关或者是解题线索和解题的依据; -------复现关系 (可能是原单词,也可能是近义词)00 47; 04 29; 05 16 and19;06 20;07 6;

5 下面开始讲实词的做题方法,这也是完型填空中最难的题目。

除以上讲的方法以外,想完型得更高的分数,只能靠实力了,要读懂文章,要认识单词,否则完型到我讲的方法为止,就不要自己做题了。

I wish every success for your career/study in the future.

私人书信写法

第一段 客套话+写作目的

It is great to hear from you again.

Nothing could have given me greater pleasure than to get news of you. You have no idea how happy I was to receive your letter.

As to/with reference to /with regard to/as regards … ,引出写作目的

第三段 问候语+期待回信

I look forward to hearing from you at your earlist concenience. Please bring my best wished to your family.

I wish you good health and lots of happiness.

I wish every success for your career/study in the future.

1. important=crucial,critical significant essential vital

2. common=universal, ubiquitous(if something is ubiquitous, it seems to be everywhere)

4. difficult=formidable

5. understand=discern

6. all the time--continually, continuously, constantly, perpetually

7. as a result—consequently 、

8. before--prior to

9. begin—commence

10. better—superior

11. big--major, significant, substantial

12. have--be equipped with, possess

13. if--in the event of, in case(of)

14. in the end--eventually, finally, ultimately

15. know--be aware of, be conversant with, familiar with

16. less and less--decreasing(ly)

17. more and more –increasingly

18. money--funding, funds, resources

19. more and more—increasingly

20. need--demand, require

21. now--at present, at this juncture, at this moment, currently

22. often--frequent(ly)

23. quick(ly)--rapid(ly),prompt(ly)

24. right--appropriate, correct, proper reasonable

25. sharp--abrupt, drastic dramatic

26. show--demonstrate, manifest reveal

27. small--minor/insignificant (problems, differences etc),marginal(不重要的,微小的)

28. too many--an excessive number of, a disproportionate number of

29. too much--excessive(ly)

30. about : regarding concerning involving relating to, with respect to, with reference to

31. Famous: well-known famed, noted, renowned, enjoy a

nation-wide/worldwide reputation/fame be widely acknowledged/known

32. poor = needy = impoverished = poverty-stricken

1.individuals,characters, folks替换(people ,persons)

2: positive, favorable, rosy (美好的) ,promising(有希望的) ,perfect, pleasurable , excellent, outstanding, superior替换good

3:dreadful, unfavorable, poor, adverse, ill (有害的) 替换bad 如果bad 做表语,可以有be less impressive替换

eg.An army of college students indulge themselves in playing games, enjoying romance with girls/boys or killing time passively in their dorms. When it approaches to graduation ,as a result, they find their academic records are less impressive.

4.(an army of, an ocean of, a sea of, a multitude of ,a host of, many, if not most)替换many.

注:用many, if not most 一定要小心,many 后一定要有词。

Eg. Many individuals, if not most, harbor the idea that….同理 用most, if not all, 替换most.

5: a slice of, quiet a few , several替换some

6: harbor the idea that, take the attitude that, hold the view that, it is widely shared that,

it is universally acknowledged that) 替think(因为是书面语,所以要加that) 7:affair ,business ,matter 替换thing

8: shared 代 common

9.reap huge fruits 替换get many benefits )

10:for my part ,from my own perspective 替换 in my opinion

11:Increasing(ly),growing 替换more and more( 注意没有growingly 这种形式。所以当修饰名词时用increasing/growing.修饰形容词,副词用

increasingly.

Eg.sth has gained growing popularity. Sth is increasingly popular with the advancement of sth.

12.little if anything, 或little or nothing替换hardly

13..beneficial, rewarding替换helpful,

14.shopper,client,consumer,purchaser, 替换customer

15.exceedingly,extremely, intensely 替换very

16.hardly necessary, hardly inevitable ... 替换 unnecessary, avoidable

17.sth appeals to sb, sth exerts a tremendous fascination on sb 替换sb take interest in / sb. be interested in

18.capture one's attention替换attract one's attention.

19.facet,demension,sphere 代aspect

20.be indicative of ,be suggestive of ,be fearful of代 indicate, suggest ,fear

21.give rise to, lead to, result in, trigger 替换cause.

22. There are several reasons behind sth 替换..reasons for sth

23.desire 替换want.

24.pour attention into 替换pay attention to

25.bear in mind that 替换remember

26. enjoy, possess 替换have(注意process 是过程的意思)

27. interaction替换communication

28.frown on sth替换 be against , disagree with sth

29.to name only a few, as an example替换 for example, for instance