上海中考英语作文
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上海中考英语作文学习资料

一. 评分标准

上海中考英语作文总分为20分,其中内容分8分、语言分8分、组织结构分4分。 以下为上海中考英语作文官方评分标准:

1. 内容分8分。内容切题,意思连贯,表达清楚完整。

2. 语言分8分。学生需用语规范,表达准确,无或少见语法错误,词汇拼写正确,句型使用恰当。首先是字数,少于60字的作文要酌情扣分。

3. 组织结构分4分,也就是我们常说的文采分。根据学生使用复杂句型/单词和谚语/俗语的情况来加分。

二. 注意点:

每少5个词扣0.5分,拼写错误每处扣0.5分,标点,大小写错误每2处扣0.5分 3内容和语言表达总分达15分及以上,得2~3分 内容和语言总分13~14分,如确有好句型或表达用语,可酌情给1~2分 通篇句型,句式单一,词汇贫乏者,即使无语法错误,也不给分 开头句+给的几个参考点+结尾句+亮点。

先划档次:A 档 18~15分 B 档 14.5~12分 C 档 11.5~8分 D 档 3.5~0分 然后再仔细批阅看有否语法错误, 最后给出总分。

三. 学生常出现的问题:

1. 内容空洞,没有清晰的思路,表达能力不强,总是用一些不合适的句子内容来表达,所

以可能让老师觉得理由或是内容太假,当然也就得不了高分。

2. 议论过多,描写不足。大多数情况下,我们把议论当成的作文的重点,所以常常会跑题。 应当多描述提示的内容或加以想像,不能只翻译了事。

3. 总是使用同一个主语写句子,重复太多。尽量使用不同的主语来表达,比如:I must learn English well. 就可以换成:It is important for me to learn English well.

4. 结构散漫,想哪儿写哪儿,乱七八糟。应该使用总分或总分总的结构。

5. 都是简单句,缺少复合句。多用状语从句,宾语从句,定语从句及一些重要的句型,也 人教版新目标初二下英语同步辅导(一)初中二年级下un... 初中二年级下Un... 可以用用被动语态。

6. 连词的使用较少,句子之间的连接很生硬。可以加入一些:比如: to my surprise (让我惊 讶的是), what’s more(而且,还有)等,让上文与下文衔接更紧密。意思也能更流畅地表达。

四. 中考写作高频使用词组、句法

1. 作文开头的有用句

As we all know, As it is known to all, It’s known to all that… It’s common knowledge that… It’s commonly accepted that… There is no denying that… How time flies! In a blink of an eye, Time flies like a speeding arrow, Time goes like the flowing water.

2、中间分层部分的有用结构:

分正反两面论述:On one hand, On the other hand 分两点:For one thing, For another, 分三点:Firstly, Secondly, Last but not least

3、结尾部分

All in all, In a word, In conclusion, In brief, In short, To put everything in a shell, 概括的说,简单的说 Last but not least

组织语言 发表观点的 In my opinion, From my point of view, In my eyes, As far as I am concerned, Believe it or not,

表示递进的 In addition Furthermore More importantly What ’s more Moreover 其他与“我”有关的写作材料 1、重点句型 It`s+a. for sb.to do sth. So +a./ad. That such a +a.+n. that too „to do Not„.until That’s why+句子 那是。。。的原因 It’s said that +句子

There’s no doubt that+句子 毫无疑问··· It goes without saying that+句子 毫无疑问··· There’s no need to do 没必要做··· There’s no point in doing 做某事毫无意义 2、 提建议 Had better do/not do How/what about doing Why not do/why don`t+句子 I think you should do I suggest that you should do If I were you, I would do 我要是你的话,我会做``` It’s best to do 3、表示喜欢,感兴趣 Like/love/enjoy doing Be fond of/be keen on sth. Prefer to do A rather than do B Be interested in doing=show/take great interest in 4、努力做``` Try to do/strive to do Make efforts to do=make every effort to do Try one’s best/do one’s best to do Do what/everything sb can to do 5、打算做···/计划做··· Intend to do/plan to do Be going to do Decide to do Determine to do=be determine to do Make up one’s mind to do 6、表示想/希望 Want to do=would like to do Hope to do Expect to do Wish to do Consider doing 7、其他有用的短语 From now on/sooner or later/in the near future Have positive attitude towards/enrich my knowledge/learn„by heart/ Meet with various kinds of difficulties /face difficulties bravely/overcome the difficulties Play an important role/part in„. 8、其他有用的句式 For the reason above,/After all/As for me,/Frankly speaking/Generally speaking/Believe it or not,/As a Grade Nine student,/The reasons are as follows, People’s view on „vary from person to person

4、增添亮点 使用复合句和谚语 谚语举例 I firmly believe that “A foreign language is a weapon in the struggle of life”. As a famous saying goes, “A man becomes learned by asking questions.” It’s common knowledge that the road to success is not always full of roses. An old saying goes, “Nothing is impossible to a willing heart.”

五.2002-2013 上海中考英语作文题目集锦

2002 My favorite thing(s) 我的心爱之物

2003 To be a lovely Shanghainese 做一个可爱的上海人

2004 Leave School 毕业时分

2005 Growing pains and gains 成长的烦恼

2006 I have a dream 我有一个梦

2007 A Story about My Parent(s) 一个关于我父/母的故事

2008 Love Around Me 爱在我身边

2009 I want to do something for my school 我想为我的学校做点什么

2010 I'm proud of myself 我为我自己感到自豪

2011 My Favourite Thing(s ) 我的心爱之物

2012 If you are Joe.your friend Betty is upset because she cares too much about the result. 写给一个考试焦虑考生的一封信,并给予建议。

2013 Write at least 60 words about the topic “How to protect myself”.(以“如何保护自己”为

题,写一篇不少于60个词的短文)

六.近5年上海中考英语真题范文分享

2009命题作文

Write at least 60 words about the topic “I want to do something for my school”. (以“我想为学校做件事”为题写一篇不少于60个词的短文,标点符号不占格。)

(注意:短文中不得出现任何人名、校名及其他相关信息,否则不予评分。)

Use the following points as a reference. (以下内容仅供参考)

l What do you want to do for your school?

2 Why do you want to do it?

3 How are you going to do it?

例文1:

I want to make school clean. You may think it is very simple. But I don't think so. Our teacher said, "School is your home, you should keep it clean." But I have never done anything to make school clean. For example, I have never told my classmate to pick up rubbish after he threw it on the ground. I also threw the rubbish on the ground. So I want to make school clean so that everyone can forgive me. During this summer holiday, I will go to school to make school clean. Of course, I will do it with my classmates. We will make school clean every weekends next term as well. Now,

do you think it is simple?

2 One possible version

I want to do something for my school I'm leaving my school. I want to plant a tree in my school garden. I have found there are too many buildings and few trees in our school yard, so I want to make my school much greener and more beautiful. If I plant a tree there, maybe more and more students will do as me. In their spare time, the students can read under the trees.

2010命题作文

上海中考英语作文题:I'm proud of myself

1、What kind of person are you?

2、What makes you proud of yourself(Give an example/examples)

3、Why are you proud of yourself?

要求:至少60字

范文:1

I am a boy of less confidence. I always hate running. But as we all know, the students of Grade nine have to take part in the sports exam. At that moment, I just wanted to give up. But my parents encouraged me: "impossible is nothing," "you could challenge yourself!" so with the encouragement of them, I tried my best to run and insisted on running. When I got to the finishing line, I felt proud of myself, though I didn't get the good mark, I knew, I won. I created a miracle for myself and I was so proud of myself!

2. I am proud of myself

The wheel of life has rolled fast through the past fifteen years. By looking backwards, I’m so proud of myself because I’ve grown into a strong-minded person. It was the first time for me to climb a high mountain alone. At first, I felt my body was filled with energy. As time went by, tiredness made my step slow down. For many times, the idea of giving up the journey appeared in my mind. But the saying “Accumulated water becomes a river.” enabled me to move on. Though the power of one step seemed so weak, I insisted on climbing to the top. When I succeeded, I felt I had reached a new height in my life. How proud I’m of being a strong-minded person.

3. I am proud of myself

I used to be a girl with few words. Last month I failed in the exam. I felt so depressed that I couldn’t help crying. However, my mother told me, “The life is a tough road full of ups and downs. Ev eryone has to experience the low times.” Her encouraging words lifted me up. I made up my mind to prepare for the next exam. I always listened to the teacher carefully and did my homework attentively. To my surprise, I achieved the best grade in the exam. At that time, I actually felt proud of myself. I’m proud because I achieved success as well as courage. Now I’m more active than before, and I always believe as long as you keep your heart facing the sun, the world will always bring you new hopes .

2011话题补全式作文

Writing (作文) 共18分

Write at least 60 words about the topic “I’m a member of “

(以“我是„„的一员”为题写一篇不少于60个词的短文,标点符号不占格子”

提示: 你可以作为任意兴趣小组或者社团的一员,或者作为家庭,班级,社区额的一员,写出你的经历,感受等。

Use the following points as a reference

Are you glad to be a member of „„?

What do you do in it?

How do you feel as such a member?

例文:1

I’m a Member of the Singing and Dancing ClubHello, everyone! I’m very glad to be a member of the Singing and Dancing Club. I have been in this club for 2 years. I’m an actor in the club. I like singing and dancing very much. I sing and dance with my classmates on weekends. Though I am very tired, I like to sing and dance every day. It makes me feel very happy.

2

In this world, every family has a mother, a father, a daughter or a son. For plenty of people,

families are very important .when you are very said, you can found one or two persons to make you feel happiness, this is you family.

I am very gold to become my family member, because I have a pretty good parent and a fairly younger brother. When I come back, I always feel freedom and relaxed. My mother is a kind cook; she has lots of experience in cooking, so my brother and I are healthy.

As a daughter, I shouldn't make my parents worry .As a sister ,l should look after my brother .l want to be a great member of my family ,l would try my best to do what l should do in the family 2012书信类作文

Writing (作文): (共20分)

Write a letter in at least 60 words according to the given situation(根据所给情景写一封不少于60词的信)

Suppose you are Joe. Your friend Betty is upset about a coming exam for she cares too much about the result. What do you think? Try to offer her some advice.(假设你是Joe ,你的好朋友Betty 因为过于在意考试结果而感到焦虑。请给他写一封信,谈谈你的看法,并给她一些建议。) 例文:1

Knowing that you care too much about the result, I am quite worried. Actually, it is no use being upset despite the importance of the result. There are some effective ways to calm down. Above all, keeping reminding yourself to stay in peace is the most helpful. Besides, it will help you to relax if you spare some time for recreational activities like sports. Finally, talk to your parents and friends, who are always ready to comfort you. As is said by Steve Jobs, “the journey is the reward.” I am sure you will get through this situation.

2.

Dear Betty, How time flies! The exam is finally near at hand. Important as it is to you, you really shouldn't care too much about the result and get yourself overly upset. Remember all the hard work you have put in! As long as you go with a calm mind and a positive attitude, I'm sure there will be nothing difficult for you and the exam will be smooth sailing. I suggest you talk more to parents and teachers about your anxiety and take better care of your health such as getting

enough sleep and doing more exercise. Above all, no matter what the result, all you need to do is to act more and think less because action is worry's worst enemy. Keep faith and calm down, and you are sure to come out with flying colors.

All the best of luck.

Yours, Joe

2013自由命题类作文

Writing (作文) (共20分)

99.Write at least 60 words about the topic “How to protect myself”.(以“如何保护自己”为题,

写一篇不少于60个词的短文,标点符号不占格。)

提示: 自我保护是青少年需要掌握的重要技能。请谈谈你在生活中怎样进行自我保护(可

结合生活中的某一个情景或具体事例,如:面对灾难如何自救,如何预防受骗或侵 害,如何避免生活中的意外,等等) 。

Phrases for reference(以下短语仅供参考) :

Ask…for help

calm down

in danger prevent ...from (注意:文中不得出现具体人名、校名等个人信息,否则不予评分)

范文1

As a student, I think it important for me to protect myself from dangerous situations. First of all, I must calm down as soon as possible, for panicking is of no help. Then, as is know to all, calling 119 immediately is the most effective way to save myself. As well as that, it is best to take the stairs instead of elevators. IN conclusion, with positive attitude and sufficient preparations, I will be able to protect myself from fires.

2:How to protect myself Everyone in my family was awaked by the unusual shaking. The first word that came to my mind was earthquake. When I looked outside of the window, I found everyone running here and there, and I could hear the shouting from the neighbors. Despite the fact that I was in danger, I told myself to calm down and think about the ways to protect myself in an earthquake. I should get outside instead of hiding inside the building. I couldn’t take the lift but

walk downstairs. No sooner had I got outside than I asked the police for help. And I should always be aware of the unexpected drop overhead. Following these ways, I managed to prevent myself from being hurt, and survived the earthquake. I believe that these are useful ways to protect myself in an earthquake.

3: A terrible fire in Jilin took many people’s lives recently and brought endless pains to a large number of families. So if I were caused in a fire, I would try my best to protect myself. First, I would stay calm. A cool head can prevent me from taking rash actions and help to pick out a right solution the first time. Then, I would call 119 with my exact location and the situation then. Most importantly, I would cover myself with wet clothes and made my way to the secure channel instead of jumping out of the windows. With above tips, I will surely be able to protect myself from fires.

七.热点话题背诵篇目

关于上海的变化 1.Great changes in Shanghai

With the development of science and technology, great changes have taken place in Shanghai. Many years ago, there used to be narrow bridges, roads and houses in Shanghai .But now, we can find big bridges, wide roads as well as high buildings everywhere. People live in Shanghai used to live in small houses in narrow streets, but now most of them are living in big and comfortable apartments. What’s more, we can see grass, lakes and parks here and there. To our great joy , the 2010 World Expo will be held in Shanghai as well. As a shanghainese, I am pound of all these changes .We are sure Shanghai will have a bright future.

关于学校生活 2. Our school life

Our school life is very colorful. They are many hobby groups in our school, such as singing group, dancing group, science group and so on. We can learn a lot by joining these groups. For example, we hold a Singing Festival in May. We can enjoy ourselves by singing. It’s so interesting that everyone likes it very much. We also have a sports meeting in October. It always makes us excited. Sometimes we even have friendly matches with other schools. What an enjoyable school life we have!

关于网上购物 3.Shoppign on the internet

Nowadays ,shopping on the internet has become a new way of shopping. Indeed,it offers people a lot of advantages. So I prefer to do some shopping on the internet. For one thing, it is convenient because the online shops are open 24 hours a day and we don’t have to queue. For the other thing, it is often cheaper to buy goods on the Internet and it is also easy to find out what we want. Additionally ,we can save a lot of time. Isn’t it great to do shopping on the Internet? 关于学习4.My way of Learning English

As we all know, English is one of the most important language in the world. So it’s important for us to learn it .Then how can we it well?In my opinion, the best way to learn English is to do more listening, speaking, reading and writing. What’s more, we should practice these skills every day. Of course, interest is the best teacher. The more we learn, the more interesting and helpful we ’ll find English. As the saying goes,”Practice makes perfect.’’

关于节日 5.The Spring Festival As we all know, the Spring Festival is the most important festival in China. On the New Year’s Eve, families always get together and have a big dinn er. Many people like to set off firecracker. People also eat dumping--- a kind of traditional Chinese food. Especially, children like the festival very much because they can nit only have delicious food, wear new clothes but also receive red packets from their parents or their elders. It is said that the money in the red packets will bring children good luck. Chinese people have a good time during the festival.

关于保护环境 6.Environment around us

The environment is very important to us. We need the fresh air, the clean water and so on. There used to be many trees around us, the air was fresh and the river was clean. But now, people cut down too many trees and the environment around us becomes worse and worse. So as students, we should try to protect our environment. First of all, we should plant as many trees as possible. Second, we should ride bikes or walk to school instead of taking buses or cars. Third, we shouldn’t’t use plastic bags. In a word, if everyone knows the importance of environment protection, we’ll have a green world.

关于电脑7.My view on computer

With the development of science and technology, computers are playing more and more important roles in our daily life. They can do most of the things people can do. By using

computers, we can gain huge amount of knowledge and information, especially, computers have made the communication with our friends and relatives more convenient and easier. But some students are so keen on playing games online that they even don’t want to go to school. I don't think it is right. In my opinion, we should make good use ot computers.

关于出国8. Is it helping to study abroad

In recent years, more and more students in China go abroad for their further studies. Most Chinese people think it is helpful to story abroad. But I don’t think so. For one TOEFL or GRE, and this will surely waste us plenty of money and time. In addition, if we study home, we can stay with our family and friends, and we can study in a more friendly environment In a word, I prefer to study home.

关注时事 H1N1流感

★ 范文01. 根据中文大意和英文提示词语,写出意思连贯、符合逻辑、不少于60词的短文. 所给英文提示词语供选用. 请不要写出你的校名和姓名. 世界上已有许多国家发现了新型H1N1流感病毒(H1N1 flu virus)病例. 据了解,人感染该病毒后会出现咳嗽、发烧、疲劳等症状. 为了加强同学们的预防意识,(21世纪中学生英语报>正在举办征文活动,请你给该报投稿,描述感染该病毒的症状并谈一谈为了预防该病毒我们该怎么做,最后表达我们能战胜病毒的信心. 提示词:cough, have a fever, feel tired, prevent, wash, exercise, sleep, believe Nowadays, many countries in the world have found cases of the new H1N1 flu virus. It‟s said that people with H1N1 flu virus will cough, have a fever and feel tired. To prevent the virus, we can do many things. Firstly, we‟d better not go to places where there are many people. Secondly, we need to wash our hands often with soap and water, especially after we cough or sneeze. It's also a good habit for us to exercise regularly. It can not only help us keep fit but also improve our health against illness. And having a good sleep is important, too. People who are tired or under stress can get sick easily. And then, eat more fruit and vegetable to keep ourselves fit and strong. Last but not least, open the window and keep the air in the room fresh. If we all do these things, we will prevent the virus. So there is no need to be worried. I believe we will win through in the end.

★ 范文02.

★ 上海世博会对中国的影响 As we all know that 2010 World Expo will be held in Shanghai,

this is the first time that China hosted the World Expo. The World Expo has a long history but

it has never been held in Asia. So it is a great honor for our country. It is also a great honor for all the Asians. As a host city, Shanghai will have more chances to develop quickly. The theme of the Expo is "Better City, Better Life". We all really hope that Shanghai will become more exciting and attractive and that we can enjoy life to the fullest. Organizers expected to attract 70 million visitors from all over the world to attend, at the same time it is also the largest in the history of World Expo. It is a good chance for China to show its achievements in many fields.

★ 范文04. How to Survive an Earthquake

If earthquake happened, firstly, don't panic and calm down. Secondly, find some safe place to stay and don't run in such a hurry. If in the room, one should hide himself/herself under something hard, such as desk, table or even bed and keep away from shelf and cupboard, and never take a lift to go downstairs. If in the open air, find an open place and never get close to cars or waterside. Thirdly, we should help each other when we meet trouble. At last, no matter how strong the earthquake is, if only we have the belief to defeat it and never give up, we must be able to overcome any difficulties.

二、环保问题

★ 范文05. 环境问题今天环境变得越来越糟糕, 环境问题影响着人们的工作, 学习, 生活等, 而我们的工作, 生活, 生产等又使环境污染越来越严重„„, 如何保护我们的环境? 请以“ How to protect our environment? ”为题写一篇短文。提示:存在问题:1.水污染越来越严重;2. 砍伐森林严重;3. 大气污染严重;4. 白色垃圾等。要求:如何改善/保护环境? 至少:3至4个方面。 How to protect/save our environment/world? As we all know, the environment around us is getting worse and worse /more and more seriously today. Water is polluted; we have no clean water to drink. Many trees are cutting down; some animals are getting less and less. Some factories are pouring dirty air into the sky. The population is increasing faster and faster, resources are getting less and less…etc. Not only does it affect our lives and health, it also has a great affection in the future. People‟s health has been greatly affected by air, noise and water pollution. Many people died of diseases. In order to live a better life, something must be done to stop the pollution. It‟s our duty to protect our environment. We shouldn’t throw away rubbish everywhere. Trees are very helpful and important for us. We should plant more and more trees in order to live better and healthier in the future. If everyone makes contribution to protecting the

environment, the world will become much more beautiful. In a word, if everyone pays more attention to our environment, there will be less pollution and our life will be better. “There is only one earth”, I hope everyone will protect our environment well.

限塑令

★ 范文06. 有关限塑令问题 根据国务院发布的" 限塑令" ,自2008年6月1日起,在所有超市、商场实行塑料购物袋有偿使用制度,超市、商场一律不得免费提供塑料购物袋。请你写一篇英语短文,要求包括以下内容: 现状:目前中国每天消费近30亿个塑料袋,造成了严重的资源浪费和环境污染; 限塑令的意义:减少塑料袋使用量,提高公众的环保意识; 提倡:重拎布袋子,重提菜篮子。 参考词汇:禁令 ban 意识 awareness 提倡 advocate The problem of "white pollution" caused by used plastic is becoming increasingly serious, in which plastic shopping bags play an important role. In China about three billion plastic shopping bags are consumed every day, which results in a great waste of resources and heavy environmental pollution. Luckily, the government has put a nationwide ban on the use of free plastic bags, demanding that all stores and supermarkets not provide customers with free plastic bags after June 1. I agree with the rule, which people can‟t get the free plastic bags in the shops, supermarkets. It advocates people to use their cloth bags and baskets. It ‟s good for our environment. So I hope all the students in our class stop using the plastic bags, and to use our own cloth bags. I hope we can take care of our environment. Let ‟s make our world more and more beautiful.

★ 范文07. 节约水是我们每个人的责任

As we know, water is very important to man, we can‟t live without water. The amount of water which is suitable to drink is less and less. But some people don‟t care about it. They waste a lot of water in their daily life. Even worse, they pour dirty water into rivers. They throw rubbish into rivers, too. Many rivers and lakes are seriously polluted. Something must be done to stop the pollution. And I think it‟s a great shame to waste while millions are in great need of water. I think what we can do is that we have to save every drop of water as possible as we can. For example, we must turn off the tap immediately after we use it. We can use a basin to wash our hands and faces. It‟s also a good idea to encourage my friends and family members to join me! Only in this way can we live happily. If we don‟t save water, the last drop of water will be a tear-drop of us. I

believe if everyone makes a little effort, we can make a big difference.

低碳生活

★ 范文08. 现在全世界都在倡导“低碳生活”(low-carbon life ),即:降低二氧化碳的排

放,采取低能量、低消耗、低开支的生活方式。低碳生活对我们大家都有好处,请你写一篇短文向一家英文报社投稿。内容包括:你的具体做法、你的感受以及建议。 提示词语:be good for, everyone, ride a bike, think, make a difference, environment, suggest, reuse Low-carbon life is good for everyone.

To help with the environment, I always walk or ride a bike to school instead of taking a car. Besides, I will try to use things that can be recycled and I never forget to turn off the lights when I leave the classroom. I think it‟s my duty to live a low-carbon life. And even the simplest activities can make a real difference to the environment. So I suggest we should reuse books as long as possible. And we ‟d better not spend much money on expensive clothes. If everyone does something for the environment, I believe the earth will be a better place.

提出建议

学习 ★ 范文09. 根据中文提示和英文书信内容,写一封意思连贯、符合逻辑、不少于60词的回信,信的开头和结尾已经给出,其字数不计入所完成的回信内。 假如你叫Zhang Fang ,是美国中学生Lucy 的笔友,你收到了她的电子邮件。请根据她来信的内 5 容写一封回信。针对她的困惑,谈谈你的看法,同时提出一些建议,并表达对她的祝愿。 Dear Zhang Fang,

I have been in this school for two years. My school‟s not too bad. But I haven’t got used to it. Some of the teachers are very good, especially my science teachers. They try to make lessons interesting. I like to have their classes and spend much time on it. So I usually get A in science exams. But I don ‟t like having English and history classes. There are too many things to memorize and they ’re so boring. Besides, it seems that the teachers can only read again and again. They don‟t try to make lessons interesting. Whenever the lessons start, I feel sleepy. I often get C in the exams, sometimes D. The final exam of this term is coming. What shall I do? Could you give me some advice?

Yours , Lucy

Dear Lucy,

I ’m very happy to hear from you. Don ’t worry too much. Many students have the same

problem like you. I think it ‟s very common for students to dislike memorizing. Here ’s my

advice. But in fact English and history are not as boring as you think. If you try the following

things, you may find they are interesting and you will not feel sleepy in class again. First you

had better learn the new lessons by yourself and write down the difficult points before lessons. It

can make you become interested in what the teachers say in class. Second you should listen

carefully and try to answer the teachers ‟ questions. It can help you understand better and

memorize more quickly. What‟s more, you also need to review the lessons regularly after class. If

you still feel unhappy, you can have a talk with your teacher to ask for help. I really hope my

advice can help you out and get A in English and history exams. Keep trying, I believe you will

enjoy the school life and make great progress with your study.

Yours, Zhang Fang.

生活 ★ 范文10. 假如你是韩梅,下面是一封你的笔友Alice 给你发来的e-mail, 请根据

e-mail 的内容,给他写一封回信。与她交流看法,并帮她排忧解难。 提示词语:listen to,

mother ’s love, care about, communicate with, get along with, smile 6 Dear Han Mei ,

I’m afraid I’ve got a big problem recently. My mother talks too much to me. She always tells me,

“Be careful while crossing the street.” “Put on more clothes.” “Did you do a good job at

school? ” And so on. I ’m annoyed(烦恼). What shall I do? Can you give me some ideas? Alice Dear Alice, as a teenager, I met the same problem as you. But now I can get on/ along

better with my mother. Here are some ideas for you. Your mother talks much, because she cares

about you. I'm sure your mum loves you very much. Maybe it shows your mother‟s love. So I

think you should listen to her. If your opinions are different from your mother ‟s, you can

communicate with her, and tell her what you‟re thinking about. If your mother doesn’t take your

advice, just keep silent and give her a smile. I hope what I say here can help you a lot. Han Mei

娱乐 ★ 范文11. 根据中文提示和英文书信内容,写一封意思连贯、符合逻辑、不少于60

词的回信。(信的开头和结尾已给出,其字数不计入所完成的回信内)。请不要写出你的校名

和姓名。 75. 中学生学习时间长、大力大,专家建议学生每天课后应采取适当的方式放松

自己。为此,不同的同学有不同的放松方式,有的爱看电视,有的听音乐,有的做运动„请

你谈谈你通过哪些方式放松自己并说说原因,谈谈你的感受。 提示词语:relax, TV, music,

think The Senior High School Entrance Examination is coming. In order to make a success in

the exam I think it’s high time for us to relax a little. Or we’ll be too nervous to work well in

the exam. In order to relax ourselves, we can turn to some of our hobbies, different students

have different ways --- Some watch TV, some listen to music… But for me I enjoy taking exercise

most. Whenever I feel tired, I always spend an hour (in) walking or jogging in the park. Besides, I

also play table tennis with my friends after class. In my opinion, taking exercise can not only rest

our brains and eyes but also help build our bodies. I think it‟s really helpful to both my health and

my study. I hope all of my classmates can join me in getting relaxed. I wish you all every success

in the coming examination!

运动 ★ 范文12. 假如你叫李飞,是学校“校园英语报”的编辑。你收到你同学张丽的姐

姐的来信。请根据这位姐姐的要求,给张丽写一封回信。

Dear Editor,

I am really worried about my sister, Zhang Li. She always watches TV or reads books in her free

time. She doesn‟t like going out to exercise. I‟m afraid that she will be not strong enough. Could

you write to her to tell her the importance of doing exercise and give her some advice?

A worried sister

Dear Zhang Li,

Your sister is worried about you very much. Because you don‟t take any exercise in spare time. I

think health is very important to us teenagers. Either study or work is based on strong body. Doing

sports every day helps us keep healthy and energetic. If we don't take any exercise, we may feel

tired and get sick easily. So you should go out instead of staying at home. There are many kinds of

sports you can do, such as running, swimming and ball games. Just remember "Exercise one hour

a day, keep illness away." Good luck!

Yours, Li Fei

多彩校园 学校简介

★ 范文13. 在一次英语班会上,老师请同学们以Proud of My School 请根据下面所给的提

示写一篇发言稿。内容包括学校面貌,你在校的活动,以及你喜欢学校的原因。 提示词:big\small, trees, play games, family, be kind to, be\feel proud of Proud of my school My school is very big with several tall buildings. We have a beautiful playground with lots of trees around it. There are many flowers everywhere. 8 My busy school life always makes me happy. I have lots of fun at school. I not only have all kinds of classes, but also take part in colorful activities after classes. I play games and do lots of sports, like playing basketball, football and table tennis. I love my school because it‟s like a big family. The students are friendly and the teachers in my school are as kind to us as our parents. I feel proud of my school because it is one of the best schools in my heart. I'm leaving my school. I'll never forget the days I've spent here.

友情至上

★ 范文14. 假设你叫Liu Yan,初中三年,你与同学们在一起学习、参加各种活动,相互

帮助,彼此之间建立了深厚的友谊. 校园网的英语论坛开辟了 “Thank you letter” 专栏. 请按下面的要求给你的同学Ling Feng 写一封感谢信. 注意:1. 这封信要表达你对Ling Feng 的感谢;2. 信中要简述感谢Ling Feng 的原因,适当举例,并谈谈自己的感受;提示词语:thank you, at the end of , kind, forget, help„ with, stay in touch

Dear Ling Feng,

I would like to thank you at the end of our middle school education. You have been very kind and helpful since we knew each other. You have given me so much help that I will never forget. Last term, I caught a bad cold and had to stay at home for a week. When I was worrying about the lessons, you came to my home after school and helped me with every subject. With your help, I didn ‟t fall behind others. Since then, we have become very close friends. I think I‟ll try to help others just like you. Thank you again. Even though we may go to different schools, I‟ll always stay in touch with you. I wish you success for the future.

Yours, Liu Yan

课余活动 ★ 范文15. 体育锻炼与参加夏令营 Most of us spend one or two hours on sports one week, some do less than one hour. As for me, most of my sports time is for running. Sometimes playing basketball with my friends is also fun for me. I think it ‟s necessary for everyone to go out to do sports because it‟s good for our health and study. And I‟d 9 love to take part in the summer camp. First we‟d better hold some parties with foreign students in order to know each other better. Next we can visit some museums, places of interest to open our eyes.

Finally I hope we will have a chance to live in foreign families. I think it ‟s a good way to understand the different cultures between different countries. I really want to make friends with foreign students because we ‟re in the same world. At the same time, the activities can help us relax ourselves after the examinations and improve our English.

运动会 ★ 范文16. 一家英文报社正在举办征文活动,请你积极参加. 题目是“一次难忘的运动会”. 内容要求:你或你的朋友参加了什么项目,结果怎样,感觉如何?提示词语:year, take part in, field event (relay race, high jump, long jump, shot put, excited, take the first prize. This year, I took part in the relay race, I was running the last lap. It was the final event on sports meet. Everyone was paying attention. All the runners got ready at the starting line. As soon as the race began, everyone was too excited to stop cheering. When it was my turn, I could feel the Class 4‟s runner catch up with me. So I try my best to run faster, finally, our class won the first prize in the most exciting event. I was happy that I won another prize for my class. This is the most unforgettable sports that I had.

毕业感想 ★ 范文17. 初中生活马上就要结束了,三年的初中生活一定给你留下了很多挥之不去的回忆。请你给大家讲一个最值得你回忆的故事。包括时间、人物、事情经过和事后你的感想(请不要写出真实的学校名称以及真实姓名)。 提示词供参考。three years, memories, one of, one day, think, happy/ sorry How time flies! I have studied in my school for three years. And I will graduate from middle school in a month. I am eager to share my happiness and sadness with you. I had so many memories in three years ‟ life. On of them impressed me very much. I still remember, when I began to learn English, I found it too difficult. No matter how hard I tried, I still couldn’t do well in it and almost gave it up. As soon as my English teacher found my problem, she had a talk with me about how to learn English well. Since then, she has kept helping me. Little by little, I’ve become interested in English and I‟m good at it. I think I am so lucky to become one of her students. I’ve learned a lot from her. I will try to help others when they are in trouble. I think it is a happy thing to help others.

★ 范文18. 2008年政府取消了“五一”黄金周(“May golden week”),但是,最近有些人又提出要恢复7天的长假. 同学们也在校园网的“自由论坛”上展开了激烈的讨论. 请你选用下面表格所提供的信息,写一篇短文,谈谈恢复长假的利与弊,并简述你的观点,给出一至两条理由. Advantages Disadvantages have a good rest spend more time …with … … cause a

lot of trouble… be crowded everywhere… … In 2008, May golden week was canceled, but this year people have discussed the problem whether we should renew May golden week or not. Some people think the 7-day holiday is very important. Firstly, we could have a good rest and refresh ourselves after several months of hard work. Secondly, we could spend more time staying with our family. Thirdly, we will be able to use the one-week vacation to travel to some farther places such as foreign countries. However, other people hold the opposite view. They think it causes a lot of problems. It may lead to traffic jam and visitors will not enjoy themselves if the travelling spots are over-crowded. As a student, I prefer a 7-day holiday. Not only can I sleep well and do exercise, but also I can read some interesting books. How I wish a 7-Day holiday would come soon and we will have a 7-day holiday then!

公共规则 ★ 范文19. It ‟s not allowed to throw litter anywhere in the public places. Everyone should obey the rules. Speaking loudly in the reading room is seemed to be very rude. Remember not to do anything that might make other people uncomfortable. We should stand in line when we are waiting for the bus. Try hard to give up the bad habits and develop good ones. We should respect the senior people and talk to them politely. Especially, we should give our seat to old people or women with babies on the bus. I think helping others can not only make us happy but also help us get more experience in life. Please cherish the public property.

使用手机 ★ 范文20. 关于中学生使用手机 赞成意见:1. 现在是信息社会,手机是最快的信息交流的工具之一。2. 应充分利用好手机。如偶遇突发事故,可立即拨打手机求助。

3. 可在每天学习之余利用手机游戏放松一下自己。4. 只要正确使用好手机,紧跟时间并无过错,追求时尚可以理解,但学习是首要任务。反对意见:1. 学校已提供了公共电话,因此手机并不能带来更多的方便,而且花费较多。2. 若课堂接听手机会影响上课。3. 学生玩手机游戏或接发短信,将无法集中精力学习。 Nowadays mobile phones are becoming more and more popular among the middle school students. Some think it is good for students to bring a mobile phone. But some people do not think so. They think it is bad for students to bring a mobile phone. Because the students will use mobile phones to play games, sent text messages, watch movies, etc which will do harm to their study. And if a mobile phone ring in the class, the teacher and students would be disturbed. In my opinion, we can bring mobile phones to school. As we know, the 21st century is a modern age and full of information. A mobile phone is one of the quickest tools for us to exchange information. The mobile phone is a fashionable and useful

shouldn't be only interested in making money. They must care about people's health. We'd better not eat anything in dirty places though some food is delicious, because eating unhealthy food does harm to our health. Finally, I hope the family in the accident will get better soon.

减肥问题 ★ 范文24. 假设你是《21世纪中学生英语报》“heart to heart ”专栏的编辑. 下面是你收到的一位中学生的来信. 13 请你根据他来信的内容写一封回信. 针对他的问题 Dear Xiaowei,

Weight problem is quite common among teenagers everywhere. So I don‟t think you have much to worry about. Here are my suggestions. Eating late at night is OK, but you should to eat more fruit and vegetables, which are good for you. Also, when you are free, you ‟d better do more exercise. Running is great. You don‟t like running alone, but what about running with your friends? Or you can do some team sports like basketball. I‟m sure your friends will be willing to help you lose weight. I hope you have as much success in losing weight as you have had in your studies. “Believe myself, and I will win.” It‟s really important for us when we meet difficulties. Don‟t lose heart; I‟m sure you will succeed one day.

Good luck.

Editor

中国城市与传统节日 介绍首都北京 ★ 范文25. 请你阅读你的加拿大网友Tommy 的e-mail ,根据e-mail 的内容,给他写一封回信.

Dear Li Lei,

I haven't heard from you for a long time. I'm glad to tell you that I'll visit Beijing this summer vacation. It is said that Beijing is a great city with a long history and more changes have taken place since the 2008 Olympic Games. I would like to know something about Beijing, such as places of interest, the environment, traffic and people there. I'm looking forward to hearing from you soon.

Yours, Tommy

Dear Tommy, I’m glad to know you will come to Beijing. Beijing, the capital of China, is one of the largest cities in the world. There are many places of interest, such as the Summer Palace, the Forbidden City and the Great Wall. All of them are beautiful and well-known to the world. Great

changes have taken place in Beijing since we successfully held the 2008 0lympic Games. Now,

people pay more attention to the environment. More trees and flowers have been planted. For the

traffic, it is very convenient for people to travel around Beijing, because several new subway lines

have been built. If you come to Beijing, you will find people here are very friendly and helpful.

What's more, a lot of people can speak English. Beijing is really an attractive city with a long

history. I'm looking forward to hearing from you soon. Yours, Li Lei

中国传统节日 ★ 范文26. 根据中文大意和英语提示词语,写出意思连贯、符合逻辑、不

少于60词的短文。所给英文提示词供选用。注意:不要写出你的真实姓名和校名。 假设

你是刘伟,你的美国朋友MIKE 想通过你了解中国的传统节日。请你根据提示,给Mike 写

一封e-mail ,向他介绍我国传统节日春节的情况。 内容提示:1. 春节是中国最重要的传统

节日;2. 春节期间人们的主要活动(节前、除夕、节日期间) Spring Festival, traditional, decorate,

on the eve of the festival, get together, set off fireworks, lucky money Dear Mike, How are you?

I ‟m really glad that you are interested in traditional Chinese festivals. There are many traditional

festivals in China, such as Spring Festival, Mid-Autumn Day and so on. I‟d like to introduce the

Spring Festival to you. Spring Festival is the most important traditional holiday in China. It

usually lasts for 15 days. Days before the festival, people clean their houses. They think cleaning

sweeps any bad luck. They decorate their houses with paper cuts. On the eve of the festival, family

members get together and have big meals. Then they watch the Spring Festival Gala on TV. At

midnight, they set off fireworks to welcome the new year. During the festival, kids get lucky

money from old people. People visit their relatives and friends. They wish each a happy year and

good luck. How happy we are. Best wishes! Yours, Liu Wei

名言警句 15 01. Practice makes perfect. 熟能生巧. 02. Time is money. 时间就是金钱 03.

Easier said than done. 说来容易做来难 04. Where there is a will, there is a way. 有志者事竟

成. 05. Look before you leap. 三思而后行. 06. Knowledge is power. 知识就是力量 07. God

helps those who help themselves. 自助者天助. 08. Nothing is impossible to a willing heart. 心

之所愿,无事不成 09. It‟s never too old to learn. 活到老,学到老 10. No pains, no gains. 不

劳无获 11. Once in a blue moon. 千载难逢 12. To make the impossible possible. 将不可能变

为可能 13. Failure is the mother of success. 失败乃成功之母 14. A friend in need is a friend

indeed. 患难见真情 15. First things first. 先做重要之事 16. Great minds think alike. 英雄所见略同 17. Rome was not built in a day. 成功并非一朝一夕的事 18. All that glitters is not gold. 闪光的未必都是金子 19. East or west, home is the best. 金窝银窝不如自家草窝 20. Time and tide wait for no man. 时间不等人 21. There is but a secret to success—Never give up! 成功只有一个秘诀—永不放弃! 22. Where there is life, there is hope. 有生命必有希望 23. Beauty will buy no beef. 漂亮不能当饭吃 24. Better late than never. 迟做总比不做好 25. Every little helps. 点滴都有用;积少成多 26. The shortest answer is doing. 最简短的回答就是行动 27. No news is good news. 没消息,就是好消息 28. Well begun, half done. 好的开始是成功的一半 29. All for one, one for all. 人人为我,我为人人 16 30. One false step will make a great difference. 失之毫厘,谬以千里 31. Facts speak louder than words. 事实胜于雄辩 32. As the tree, so the fruit. 种瓜得瓜,种豆得豆 33. To live is to learn; to learn is to better live. 活着为了学习,学习为了更好的活着 34. Like and like make good friends. 趣味相投 35. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. 只学习不玩耍聪明的孩子也变傻.

八、书面表达的考点讲解和训练

【考点扫描】 书面表达是每年中考必考题型,是考查学生交际能力的一个重要组成部分。书面表达通常有三种形式: 1、书信、日记、通知、留言、假条; 2、看图作文; 3、根据汉语提示作文。 无论是那一种书面表达形式,考生所写的短文都要紧扣主题、文理通顺,要素完整,语言准确、得当、格式正确、无大、小写和拼写错误,标点符号正确,能达到交际目的。 【名师解难】 一. 训练方法 1. 记。认真系统复习和背诵基础知识和优美的句子、句型。中国有句古话,叫“熟读唐诗三百首,不会吟诗也会作”。同样,要使自己具有较强的写作能力,首先应该熟读和背诵一些句型和短文。许多同学写出来的语言根本不符合英语的语言习惯,相当一部分人有对照中文逐字翻译的不良习惯,不去理会中英文的差异。大量的背诵和阅读是提高写作能力的有效办法,同学们若有大量的现成语言积累在脑海里,自己写起文段来,就可以做到脱口而出,或是模仿、套用,甚至发挥。 2. 练。每练一篇书面表达题,都要真正学到一点东西,不可贪多而边学边忘。平时可以采用循序渐进、

灵活多样的练习方式。从根据提示词写单句开始,到写单句,然后到写几句话,最后到写流利的文段。尽量尝试多种形式的写作,如短信、说明、通知、便条、明信片、看图写作、根据表格或记录写短文等。 3. 写。要进行实战写作。要求自己在20分钟内写出100个词的短文,并且质量高、内容全、形式正确。这样形成习惯,考试时就能得心应手。 二. 应试策略 1. 审题目:要切中题意。《中考考试说明》指出,书面表达要切中题意。怎样才能切中题意? 17 就是要认真审题,看到考题后,先不要急于动笔,要仔细看清题目要求的内容。在自己的头脑中构思出一个框架或画面,确定短文的中心思想,不要匆匆下笔,看懂题意,根据图画、图表、提纲或短文提供的资料和信息来审题。审题要审格式、体裁、人物关系、故事情节、主体时态、活动时间、地点等。 2. 圈要点:防止遗漏要点。要点是给分的一个重要因素。为了防止写作过程中遗漏要点,同学们要充分发挥自己的观察力,把情景中给出的各个要点逐条列出。 3. 列提纲:为写作做好准备。根据文章要点短文的中心思想将主要句型、关键词语记下,形成提纲。 4. 定基调:定出时态、人称、顺序、开头、结尾。 5. 写全文:写短文时要做到以下六个方面: (1)避免使用汉语式英语,尽量使用自己熟悉的句型。几种句型可交替使用,以避免重复和呆板。 (2)多用简单句型,记事、写人一般都不需要复杂的句型。可适当多使用陈述句、一般疑问句、祈使句和感叹句。不用或少用非谓语或情态动词等较复杂的句型。 (3)注意语法、句法知识的灵活运用。 1)语态、时态要准确无误。 2)主谓语要一致,主语的人称和数要和谓语一致。 3)注意人称代词的宾格形式。 4)注意冠词用法,例如: He is an honest student.中的an 不能写成a 。 5)注意拼写、标点符号和大小写,例如:receive, believe, fourteen, forty, ninth, restaurant等。 (4)描写人物时,要生动具体,例如: 1)外表特征:tall, short, fat, thin, strong, weak, ordinary-looking 等。 2)服饰颜色:red, yellow, blue, white, green, brown, black 等。 3)内心境界:glad, happy, sad, excited, anxious, interested 等。 4)感情描写:love, like, hate, feel, laugh, cry, smile, shout 等。 5)动作描写:come, go, get, have, take, bring, fetch 等。 (5)上下文要连贯。上下文的连贯性也是评分的一条原则,因此同学们应把写好的句子,根据故事情节,事情发生的先后次序(时间或空间),使用一些表示并列、递进等过渡词进行加工整理,使文章连贯、自然、流畅。同学们应注意下面过渡的用法: 1)表示并列关系的:and, as well as, or„ 2)表示转折关系的:but, yet, however„ 3)表示时间关系的:when, while, after, before, then, after that„ 4)表示因果关系的:so, therefore ,as a result„ 18 5)表示目的的:in order to, in order that , so as to, so that„ 6)表示列举的:for example , such as„ 7)表示总结性的:in general, in all, in a word, generally speaking„ (6)不会表达,另辟蹊径。中考

作文给分是以要点和语言准确度而定,不以文采打分。造句越简单准确越好,造复合句容易出错,容易被扣分,阅卷场上有句话:“错误面前人人平等,文采好不加分”。如遇到个别要点表达不出来或难以表达,可采用变通的办法,化难为易,化繁为简。总之,所造句子要正确、得体、符合英语表达习惯。 6. 改病句:认真检查,改正错误。中考作文时,由于时间紧、内容多,同学们出错在所难免。因此,改错这一环节必不可少。中考作文评卷是根据要点、语言准确性、上下文的连贯性来给分,根据错误多少来扣分。因此,中考时花几分钟时间用来检查错误显得尤为重要。检查错误应从以下几个方面入手: 1)格式是否有错。 2)拼写有无错误。 3)语言是否用错。 4)时态、语态错误。 5)标点错误。 6)人称是否用错。 三. 注意事项 书面表达要特别注意书写工整,卷面整洁。每年阅卷老师在十来天的时间里要看十几万考生的作文,工作量之大,时间之紧,可想而知。书写是否工整,卷面是否整洁与得分高低直接有关。 【中考范例】 VII. 书面表达 假如你叫张强。请根据下面美国朋友Bob 的来信内容,结合你自己的情况写一篇语言连惯、符合逻辑的英文回信。 要求:1. 认真阅读来信的内容,从中获得你需要的信息。 2. 词数:80左右。回信的开头、结尾已给出,但不计入总词数。 注意:回信中不得出现你的真实地址和所在学校的名称。

Dear friend, I ’m your new friend. My name is Bob. I‟m fifteen. I‟m American. I live in New York. I am a middle school student. I‟m good at math. It is very interesting. My favorite sport is basketball. And I am not only a basketball fan but also a good player. I like pop music. My friends and I often sing pop songs together. After school, I am interested in getting on-line. I have known a lot about China from the Internet. Now I‟m learning Chinese. I hope I will visit your country one day. Please write to me and tell me something about your life. I‟m looking forward to hearing from you.

Yours, Bob

Dear Bob, ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________ Yours, Zhang Qiang

【解析】根据前面提到第六个步骤,我们来写一下这篇书面表达。

1. 审题目:通过审题目我们可以知道:本篇书面表达应是写一封回信,写信人是张强,收

信人是Bob ,信的内容应是介绍张强自己的情况。

2. 圈要点:根据来信判断,写回信必须包括以下要点:1、收到对方的来信;2、愿意和对

方交朋友; 3、自己的姓名、年龄和住址;4、自己的身份、特长和爱好; 5、自己的希望。

3、列提纲:1. got your letter 2. glad to be your friend 3. name, zhang Qiang, fifteen, live in

Shaanxi 4. a middle school student, like English, like sports, good at drawing, 5. hope we‟ll meet

in China

4、定基调:1. 时态:收到来信用一般过去时,介绍情况用一般现在时,希望用一般将来时。

2. 人称用第一人称。3. 可按提纲的顺序来写。4. 开头和结尾题目已经给出。

5、写全文: Dear Bob, I got your letter yesterday. I‟m very glad to be your pen friend. My

name is Zhang Qiang. I‟m fifteen years old, too. I live in Shaanxi. 20 I ‟m a middle school

student, too. I like English and physics very much. I also like sports, but I‟m good at drawing. I

know a little about America. Could you tell me something more about your country in your next

letter? I hope we ’ll meet in China some day. I ’m sure we ’ll have a good time together.

Please write (to) me soon. Yours, Zhang Qiang

6、改病句:认真复查一边,如有错误,加以改正。