期末英语专题复习-短文首字母填空
三年级 记叙文 6334字 630人浏览 Hey丶How_Ru

1 初中英语专题复习----短文首字母填空

第一部分:课前热身

Tigers are rare animals in the world now. Tigers often l ________ in forests and mountains, they hunt small animals like rabbits and deer for f_____. Tigers are beautiful, they have yellow and black f_______, their eyes are bright, many people like them very much. U_________, tigers are in danger now, because their living areas are becoming smaller and smaller, we should take a_________ to protect them, or there will be no tigers in the world soon.

第二部分:课堂学习

短文首字母填空是近年来许多省市英语中考中普遍采用的一种测试题型。它所涉及的知识面广,灵活性高,综合性也很强,是中考英语试题中难度较大,区分度较高的题型。短文的题材很广泛,有故事,文化习俗,科普小品,体育等。考试一般都选取学生比较熟悉的材料,它不仅考查学生在词汇,语法等方面的基础知识,还考查理解,推导,分析等综合能力。 考题给出一段意义完整的文章,选取十处,将单词挖空但保留其首字母,它要求考生在充分理解短文的基础上将单词拼写出来,并且单词形式合理,符合语法规范,符合短文需要。考查的重点是名词、形容词、动词、代词及副词等。

真题分析

一、短文填空

请用适当的词完成下面这封信,每个空只能填写一个形式正确、意义相符的单词。 I am Jackie Lee, an American Chinese. Let me tell you about my grandfather‟s life story.

My grandfather was b in 1932 and grew up in a poor village in Fujian, China. At the age of 14, he first heard of America. It was said to be the land of gold and poor people could easily become r there.

So, my grandfather came to America. “I had thought it was easy to m money in America,” he told me.“ But when I a in Los Angeles, I realized it was not true. I couldn‟t find a good job because I spoke little English. I wanted to go to a language school to learn English, I couldn‟t afford it. Later, I worked in a small r serving the guests, cleaning up the tables, washing the dishes and sweeping the floors. I was such a helpful and honest worker that my boss was p_________ with me. I was popular with my workmates, t English.”

My grandfather kept working hard, and finally made dream come true. Things do not come easily in life. That is what I have learned f________ my grandfather.

2

“Sorry” is a word that people in Britain often say in their daily life. One day while I was 轻擦) against my handbag. He continued his way, but turne d b______ and said “sorry” to me. Even in a rush, he didn‟t f__________ to say “sorry”. One day, after I bought some bananas, the shopkeeper was passing me the change, but I wasn‟t ready for it and a coin dropped onto the ground. “Sorry, Madam,” he said w_____ bending to pick it up. I was s_______ why he said “sorry” to me. Another time, I stepped on a man‟s f_______ at the entrance to a cinema. At the same time, we b_____ said “sorry”. Slowly, I got to know that when something unpleasant happens in daily life, the British don‟t c____ much about who is wrong. If someone is in trouble, a “sorry” is always n_______. Perhaps that is w___ I seldom see people quarrel on the buses or streets in Britain.

从上面的分析来看,短文填空主要考查以下几个方面:

(1)借助于对上下文(整篇) 的理解和把握;(解答的基础)

(2)理解及推测句子的含义,分析句子成分,绝大部分答案可以根据句意得出;(答题的要点,句法)

(3)习惯用法和常用搭配(短语) 的掌握情况(每年均考查2~3题的固定搭配) ;

(4)逻辑推理及根据生活常识判断。

根据上面的分析我们归纳出实用的短文填空的解题技巧,同学们在平时的练习中可以采用以下的方法多加练习。

第四部分: 实战练习

3

先阅读短文,再在其后空白处写出各单词的正确形式。单词的第一个字母已给出。

(A )

Maria Vas and her dog walked down the hall of the nursing home and stopped in front of the old lady with a nurse at her side. “Would she like to s 1 my dog?” Maria asked.

“No, a visit won‟t h 2 her,” said the nurse. “Then she e 3 that the lady was too sick to appreciate visitors.

But Maria decided to try anyway. She had done research on animal assisting therapy(辅助疗法) for 10 years. And she was very successful in this a 4 . She‟d seen even the sickest patients enjoy a visit from a lovely dog.

Maria carried the dog over to the old lady. Immediately, the woman r 5 out toward the

dog! She was so p 6 that she began smiling and trying to talk. The nurse stood aside, w 7 them in amazement. This woman had never communicated with anyone. It was like she wasn‟t even a 8 -- until the dog came to visit.

Around the world sick adults and c 9 fill lonely hospital rooms. They may have an illness or need to be c 10 for. A dog‟s friendly eyes and warm paws(爪子) may be just what the doctor ordered to encourage them and help them heal (治愈).

(B )

A traveler came to a village carrying nothing but an empty pot.He was h 1 , but nobody

would offer their food to him.The traveller then f 2 the pot with water, put a large stone into it, and placed it o 3 a fire in the village square.

One of the villagers asked w 4 he was doing.The traveler answered, “I‟m making „ stone soup‟.” The villager seemed i 5 .

The traveler continued, “The soup tastes wonderful but I need some carrots t o make i 6 more tasty.” The villager then b 7 him some carrots and put them in the pot.

Another villager walked by, asking about the pot, a 8 the traveller again told him about his stone soup.This time he really needed some meat.The villager brought him some meat to help him out.

M ore and more villagers walked by.Each added o 9 things .Finally, the traveller had a delicious pot of soup.Of course, he s 10 it with everyone

第四部分:课后练习

【2014江苏镇江】短文填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

根据短文内容及所给首字母提示写出所缺单词. 使短文意思完整,每空一词.

More and more families like to keep dogs as pets. But not all dog owners think of others

4

left-behind feces(粪便)from dogs.

In February of this year, a town in France started a new teach dog owners a who wouldn't clean up after their dogs. The volunteers who seemed to have no aim would then move nearer to the pet owner, then start a conversation in order to get the dog's name. the name of the dog and its type, we can discover the owner from the registered(登记) database(信息库)held in the town hall." an officer . The volunteers to the pet owner's house. , the town has seen a 70% decrease减少)in the amount of dog feces left on public streets.

complaints about dog owners.

【2015江苏南京中考模拟】根据短文内容和首字母提示,在下文空格处填入适当的词使短文完整。

education in the future—open education.

There are some very good things about open education. This way of teaching the students to develop their interests in many subjects. Open education asks students to be with their own education. The open classroom may help them to enjoy learning. Some students grades or rules. But many students may not do well in open education. They will not make good use of open education. open education is so different from traditional education, these students may so many choices. The last point about open education is in open education.

in a real class or . They will not study those subjects if they do not have to in an open education school.