英语四六级引言类作文
三年级 记叙文 6136字 1599人浏览 hongzhiguohzg

从13年6月起,六级作文进入“英文引言”式作文时代,纯英文无提纲无解释,无数骚年颤抖不已。史上最强六级引言作文的破题法认为:第一段:用简单语言解释引言;第二段:例证证明起合理性(以实证虚,此段最难);第三段:结合实际推广践行。

近年来,大学英语六级考试多套试题中均采用了引言型命题方式,即要求考生通过评论一句话(一般是名言或谚语)来写一篇作文。题目中引言常常表达抽象人生哲理,所以引言型作文迥异于分析具体社会现象作文。面对这种抽象题目,一些考生很不适应,感觉束手无策无从下笔,而且模板和套话也派不上用场。本文拟通过2013年6月三道作文真题来分析引言型作文写作攻略,以帮助考生更好地应对这一写作题型。

第一、 审题立意

引言型作文要求考生根据一句名言或谚语来写一篇作文。由于名言或谚语往往言简意赅既深刻又抽象,所以要写好此类作文仔细审题就显得格外重要。考生要准确把握名言或谚语所蕴含意义。

2013年6月六级考试三道作文题目

题目一

Directions : For this part you areallowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting o n the remark “Earth providesenough to satisfy every man’s need but not every man’s greed.” You can citeexamples to illustrate your point. You should write at least 150 words but nomore than 200 words.

审题:本题引用印度圣雄甘地一句名言。前半句话意思是,地球是人类赖以生存家园为人类提供了所需要一切;后半句话意思是人类过度开发会造成地球资源枯竭,环境恶化威胁到人类自身生存。综合起来甘地这句名言启示:人类应当合理地利用自然资源不要向地球过度索取

题目二

Directions : For this part you are allowed 30 minutes towrite an essay commenting on the remark “Good habits result from resistingtemptation.” You can cite examples to illustrate your point. You should writeat least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

审题:本题引言是一句古老谚语,意思是要形成良好习惯必须经受住诱惑,由于每天都面临着各种各样诱惑,所以要形成良好习惯绝非易事。这个谚语之所以能够流传千百年它道出了人们切身感受。

题目三

Directions : For this part you are allowed 30 minutes towrite an essay commenting on the remark “A smile is the shortest distancebetween two people.” You can cite examples to illustrate your point. You shouldwrite at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

审题:本题中名言出自美国著名钢琴家、幽默作家Victor Borg。这句名言本身不难理解,意为:微笑能够拉近人与人之间关系。

第二、 谋篇布局

从2011年12月起六级作文写作指令中不再包含三条提纲。这让一些考生方寸大乱,不知道作文该写成几个段落,其实六级考试引言型作文仍以三段布局为佳。

第一段:引出名言并用通俗语言简要解释其蕴含意义。这一段任务是亮出观点,宜简洁明快。一般不要超过三句话。

第二段论证名言正确性。这一段是作文重心所在,考生要不惜笔墨把道理讲透。

第三段先简要议论,然后提出解决问题建议或者号召大家践行这个道理。

结尾段虽无实质性分析却也不可或缺。它会使作文意思和结构更圆满。人写文章讲究“凤头、猪肚、豹尾”说开头要精彩,主体部分要内容充实,结尾要简洁有力,这一审美要求也适用于六级英语作文。

第三、论证方法

引言型作文主体段落要论述名言或谚语正确性。这就要求考生掌握一些特殊论证技巧。 由于名言或谚语所蕴含哲理往往比较抽象。因此笔者建议考生“虚”题“实”写,即通过摆事实来讲道理,不要空发议论。下面笔者推荐两种论证抽象道理实用方法。

1. 列举事实

对于比较抽象道理,考生不要空泛地议论。大多数考生词汇量和表达能力尚不足以应付抽象论证,要证明抽象道理最好方法用事实说话。考生可以在第二段里列举出具体事实、研究结果、调查数据等来证明这个名言或谚语正确性。例如就此次六级考试第一道作文题目来说,考生可以在第二段举出人类滥砍、滥伐森林事实从而证明人类对自然资源过度开采会威胁到自身生存。请看下面范文:

Deforestation is a good case in point. Trees give us the oxygen we breathe the paper we use and the fruits we eat. But forests—the cradle of many civilizations—have been shrinking at an alarming rate. Man has been ruthlessly cutting down trees to meet his insatiable appetite for timber firewood or farmland contributing to the greenhouse effect which scientists believe could be disastrous for human beings if we do not stop this insanity.

2. 讲述故事

对于一些生活哲理,考生可以用生活中具体例子来证明其正确性。最好能举出大家熟悉名人轶事,若一时想不起名人轶事考生,也可以讲述身边普通人故事。这是降低写作难度窍门。讲述故事无论是从遣词还是造句来说,都比抽象论证更容易下笔。这种写法化抽象为具体从而实现化难为易。例如,就本次六级考试第二道作文题目而言考生可以在第二段举出熟悉人事例,从而证明只有经受住诱惑才能形成良好习惯。请看下面范文

David Liu ,my immediate superior ,is now as fit as a fiddle. But who knows he used to be a sickly man sometimes coughing so badly as to gasp for breath? It was all because of his heavy smoking. He decided to embrace a healthy life style half a year ago. It was no easy job for him but he overcame the temptation to smoke and has become alive and kicking.

上面范文以身边人为例,讲述了此人经受住抽烟诱惑,成功戒烟从而养成良好生活习惯,并恢复健康故事,以此证明了这句谚语正确性。除此之外,考生也可以举出发生在身上事例,例如通过讲述亲身经历来证明微笑力量,请看下面范文

Let me share a personal experience. One awful morning everything went wrong: the alarm clock broke down; I got up late; I hurried to work only to find the key left in my room after slamming the door shut. You can imagine my frustration. On my way to work I tried smiling to cheer myself up. I forced a big smile on my face. It was a hard task for me at first as I was down. But it worked! Every person I smiled at smiled back. Some nodded some flashed a grin and some commented on the weather. By the time I got to the office I was a happy man again.

2014年6月的六级作文话题将不再局限于考生所熟悉校园生活类话题,它们会变得更加抽象,因而难度大增。考生对此要有充分心理准备。除了掌握本文所介绍攻略,建议考生多阅读多积累句型和写作素材才能保证在30分钟内写出一篇质量上乘作文。

开头句型6大写法

1)对立法——先引出其他人的不同看法,然后提出自己的看法或者偏向于某一看法,适用于有争议性的主题。

[1] When asked about..., the vast/overwhelming majority of people say that …. But I think/view a bit differently.

[2] When it comes to ...., some people believe that…. Others argue/claim that the opposite/reverse is true. There is probably some truth in both arguments/statements, but I tend to the former/latter.

[3] Now, it is commonly/generally/widely believed/held/acknowledged that..... They claim/ believe/argue that ... But I wonder/doubt whether.....

2)现象法——引出要剖析的现象或者问题,然后评论。

[1] Recently the rise in the problem/phenomenon of ... has caused/aroused public/popular/wide/ worldwide concern.

[2] Recently the issue of the problem/phenomenon of ...has been brought into focus/into public attention.

[3] Inflation/Corruption/Social inequality ... is yet another of the new and bitter truth we have to learn to face now/constantly.

3)观点法——开门见山,直接了当地提出自己对要讨论的问题的看法。

[1] Now people in growing/significant numbers are beginning/coming to realize/accept/(be aware) that...

[2] Now there is a(n )growing awareness/recognition of the necessity to....

[3] Now people become increasingly aware/conscious of the importance of ....

[4] Perhaps it is time to have a fresh look at the attitude/idea that....

4)引用法——先引出名人名言或者有代表性的看法,来引出文章要展开论述的观点。

[1] "Knowledge is power." This is the remark made by Bacon. This remark has been shared by more and more people.

[2] "Education is not complete with graduation." This is the opinion of a great American philosopher. Now more and more people share his opinion.

[3] "...." We often hear statements/words like those/this.

[4] We often hear such traditional complains as this "....".

5)比较法——通过对过去、现在两种不同的倾向、观点的比较,引出文章要讨论的观点。

[1] For years, ...had been viewed as .... But people are taking a fresh look now. With the growing ..., people ....

[2] People used to think that ... (In the past, ....) But people now share this new idea.

6)故事法——先讲一个较短的故事来引发读者的兴趣,引出文章的主题。(建议少用)

[1] Once in (a newspaper), I read of/learnt..... The phenomenon of ... has aroused public concern.

[2] I have a friend who ... Should he ....? Such a dilemma we are often confronted with in our daily life.

[3] Once upon a time, there lived a man who .... This story may be (unbelievable), but it still has a realistic significance now.