四级真题作文
初一 议论文 14251字 246人浏览 姐叫女霸王

1 真题作文

1、 父母应如何帮助孩子独立

现在的家长往往过分地保护子女,并竭力替他们做任何事。但是,这种溺爱对孩子的成长是不利的。对家长而言,帮助孩子独立极为重要。

有些家长认为孩子还太小,无法独自面对复杂的世界,就替孩子们包办一切。他们对孩子的爱过于盲目,以至于忽略了独立性在孩子生活中的重要性。

为了帮助孩子独立,家长应该采取以下措施。首先,家长应该给孩子机会来经历磨炼,这样孩子才能提升克服困难的能力。其次,当孩子真的需要帮助的时候,家长应该为他们提供有用的建议和支持,使之学会解决问题的正确方法。最后,但同样重要的是,家长必须鼓励孩子自己做决定。通过这种方式,孩子会变得自信起来,并且将能够应对今后生活中出现的困难。

How Should Parents Help Children to Be Independent?

Nowadays, parents tend to be overprotective and try to do everything for their children, which is harmful to the growth of the children. It is of great importance for the parents to help their children to become independent.

Some parents believe that the children are too young to face the complicated world on their own, taking on everything on their behalf. They love their children so blindly that they ignore the importance of independence in their children’s life.

2 In order to help the children to be independent, parents should take the following measures. To start with, parents should give their children chances to experience hardship, by which the children will enhance the capability to overcome it. Secondly, when the children really need help parents ought to provide useful suggestions and assistance, teaching the children the correct way to deal with problems. Last but not least, parents must encourage their children to make their own decisions. By this way, the children will become confident and able to confront any difficulties in their future life.

2、网上购物

随着科技的发展,网上购物逐渐成为我们生活中的一种时尚。那么,人们为什么喜欢网上购物呢?

其中的一个原因是,它给人们带来了方便。人们不必花费大量的时间和精力一家挨一家地逛商店来选购自己喜欢的商品。人们在网上订购的商品可以快速送达。另外,在大多数情况下,网上销售的商品要比传统商店里销售的商品便宜,这对大多数人来说都很有吸引力。 然而,网上购物也有缺点。一方面,顾客本身看不到商品,也无法试穿。有时,他们收到的商品与在电脑上看到的并不相同。另一方面,网上的一些店铺没有注册。这些商家收到钱后不会给你寄任何东西。

不可否认,网上购物已经成为现代社会一种不可阻挡的趋势。伴随着网上购物的快速发展,实施与之配套的相关的法律迫在眉睫。只有

3 通过这种方式,我们才能在享受网上购物带来的愉悦和方便的同时不用担心上当受骗。

Online Shopping

With the development of technology, online shopping becomes a fashionable trend in our life. Then, why do people like online shopping. One of the reasons is that it brings people convenience. People don’t have to waste a lot of time and energy going from one shop to another to choose the commodities they like. The commodities people order will be delivered to them promptly. Moreover, in most case, the items sold online are cheaper than those in conventional stores, which is attractive to most people.

However, shopping on the Internet also has its disadvantages. For one thing, consumers can ’t see the goods or try them on personally. Sometimes, the commodity people receive is not the same as it looks on the computer. For another, some shops on the Internet are not registered. They will never deliver anything to you after they get the money from you.

It is undeniable that shopping on the Internet has become an irresistible trend in modern society. It ’s of great urgency that we should enforce relative laws in accordance with the rapid growth of online shopping. Only in this way can enjoy the pleasure and convenience of online shopping without worrying about being cheated.

4 3、没有坚强意志的人将一事无成

我们都知道一句谚语:“有志者事竟成”。一个人如果没有坚强的意志,恐怕什么事也做不成。我们不能否认,有的时候人们可以通过耍伎俩来达到目的,但那注定无法长远。

意志坚定的人不会被困难轻易打败,他们不成功绝不放弃。以炸药的发明者诺贝尔为例,他经过成千上万次爆炸试验才发明了炸药。像诺贝尔这样的著名人物,我们能够举出很多,但是,我们也同样能够列出一些同“戒烟者”一样的人。对这些人来说,制定计划非常容易,因为他们从不奉行。因此,他们也永远无法实现计划。

总的来说,坚强的意志是人们应该培养的重要品格,因为它在人们成功的道路上扮演着重要角色。有志者立长志,无志者常立志。为了成功,让我们做一个有志者。

Nothing Succeeds Without a Strong Will

It is known to us all that where there is a will, there is a way. A person can probably accomplish nothing without a strong will. We can’t deny that something people can reach a goal by playing tricks; however, that definitely won’t last long.

People with strong will cannot be defeated by difficulties easily and they will never give up until they succeed. Take Nobel, the inventor of explosive, as an example; before inventing explosive he conducted thousands of explosion experiments. We can name quite a lot of famous people like Nobel, but we can also list some people like the “smoking

5 quitters ”. To them, making a plan is so easy as they never keep it. Therefore, they will never realize it.

To sum up, a strong will is an important character people should cultivate since it plays a key role in people’s success. The resolute make resolutions once and for all; the irresolute keep making resolutions all for once. To be the winner, try to be the resolute.

4、论过度包装

现如今,过度包装已经成为社会中普遍存在的现象。我们可以发现很多商品——尤其是食品——被包装在吸引眼球的盒子中,如茶叶、月饼和葡萄酒。导致这一现象出现的原因有很多,但是总的来说,可以归结为以下两点:

一方面,随着社会和经济的发展,市场竞争比以往任何时候都激烈。为了获得更多的利润,许多生产商会过度包装他们的商品,通过这种方式来刺激消费者的购买欲望。另一方面,有相当多的消费者通过外包装来评价商品,他们认为外包装越漂亮,商品的质量越高。这种观念反过来也助长了过度包装的势头。

在我看来,过度包装是一种有害的现象,它是一种资源浪费,应该被彻底消除。首先,应该建立法律法规来禁止过度包装行为。此外,必须让消费者认识到过度包装不等同于高质量。

On Excessive Packaging

Nowadays, excessive packaging has become a widespread phenomenon in our society. We can find many goods, specially food,

6 wrapped in appealing boxes, such as tea, mooncakes and wine. Many reasons contribute to the emergence of this phenomenon, but generally speaking, they come down to the following two.

On the one hand, with the development of society and economy, the competition in the market is fiercer than ever before. To earn more profits, many manufactures pack their products excessively, through which to stimulate the customers’ purchasing desire. On the other hand, quite a few customers who judge the goods by their packages hold the idea that the more beautiful the package seems the higher the quality will be. The idea has in turn encouraged the trend of excessive packaging.

As far as I am concerned, excessive packaging is a harmful phenomenon, which is a waste of resources and ought to be totally wiped out. First, laws and regulations should be made to forbid excessive packaging. Furthermore, consumers ’ awareness that excessive that excessive packaging doesn’t equal to high quality should be aroused.

5、教育有回报

如条形图所示,2010年,拥有博士学位的人失业率最低,为1.9%,相反,高中以下学历的人失业率最高,达14.9%。此外,我们还发现受教育程度越高,失业率越低。显然,这张条形图强有力的说明了一个事实:教育有回报。

这一现象不难解释:人们的教育水平越高,学得的先进知识和专业技能就越多,在同行中也就越有竞争力,最终所拥有的工作也会越

7 稳定。而不具备高学历的人则很容易被解雇,因为他们所从事的工作比较容易,许多人都可以完成。

在竞争激烈的环境下,企业的招聘标准变得更加严格,同时好的教育背景优势也更加凸显。所以,作为大学生,我们应该尽可能多地掌握知识,学习技能,为将来的职业生涯做好准备。

Education Pays

As is shown in the bar chart, in 2010, the unemployment rate of people possessing doctoral degree is 1.9%, which is the lowest, and on the contrary, the unemployment rate of people with less than a high school diploma is the highest which is up to 14.9%. Additionally, we can discover that the higher the education level is, the lower the unemployment rate is. Obviously, the bar chart powerfully demonstrates a fact: Education pays.

It ’s not difficult to explain the phenomenon---people with higher education level acquire more advanced knowledge and professional skills, become more competitive among their coworkers, and eventually secure a more stable job. However, people without high degree are easily dismissed because their jobs are easy and can be carried out many other people.

Under the environment of fierce competition, the recruitment requirements of enterprises have become even stricter, and the advantage of good education background becomes highlighted. So, as university

8 students, we should grasp as much knowledge and learn as many skills as we can and prepare ourselves for the future careers.

6、 从小事做起

如上图所示,男孩说:“爸爸,我有些担心核废料处理的问题。”他的爸爸指着身边一个满满的垃圾箱回答道:“如果你能把这个垃圾箱里的垃圾倒掉,你就能做好任何事情。”这幅画表明爸爸想让儿子明白,做大事要从小事做起。

做小事是做大事的必要步骤。通过做小事,人们会获得经验和技能,这些经验和技能能够指引人们通向成功。以托马斯•爱迪生为例,为了找到合适的灯丝,他试验了1600多种材料。这些试验在其他人看来都是小事,然而,正是这些小事帮助爱迪生发明了电灯泡。 我认为人们不应该轻视小事情。相反,人们应该认真对待小事情。古语道:“不积跬步,无以至千里;不积小流,无以成江海。” Start from the Minor Matter

As shown in the picture above, the son says, “Dad, I’m a bit worried about disposing of nuclear waste.” Pointing at the full dustbin beside him, his father replies, “If you can empty the dustbin here, you can do anything! ” The picture shows that the father intends to make his son understand that he should do small things before undertaking big ones.

Doing small things is the necessary step to do something big. By doing small things, people will gain experience and skills, which can lead them to success. Taking Thomas Edison for example, he tests more than

9 1,600 materials to find the right filament. Those over 1,600 tests are small things in other people ’s minds; however, without them Thomas Edison couldn ’t have invented the electric light bulb.

I think people shouldn’t belittle small things. Instead, people should take small things seriously. Just as the old saying goes, “A journey of thousands of miles may not be achieved without accumulation of each single step, just as the enormous ocean may not be formed without gathering every brook or stream.

7、如图所示,一对父母正通过网络与住在楼上的儿子交流,“……我们期待你的电脑再一次瘫痪,这样我们就能再见到你……”这听起来既奇怪又滑稽,但是我们不禁感叹:网络对人们的交流方式产生的影响是多么巨大。即使如此,我仍然认为电子通信不能代替面对面的交流 。

首先,由于网络故障或其他干扰因素,电子通信有时是缺乏效率的。其次,通过电子通信传递的信息有时不完整或有歧义;相比之下,面对面的交流可以完整、准确地传递信息,因为他将语言、目光接触和肢体语言结合在了一起。

总而言之,电子通信永远无法取代面对面的交流,他只是面对面交流的一个有益的补充。毕竟,我们生活在一个真实而非虚拟的世界。

As is depicted in the picture, the parents are communicating online with their son who lives upstairs, saying “…We look forward to seeing you again the next time your computer crashes…” Odd and funny though

10 it sounds, we can’t help feeling how seriously the Internet has impacted on the way people communicate. Even so, I think electronic communication can’t replace face-to-face contact.

First of all, electronic communication may sometimes be inefficient due to network failure or other interruptions. Second, the information transferred via electronic communication is sometime incomplete or ambiguous. By contrast, face-to-face contact can be complete and accurate for it combines language, eye contact, and body language. In addition, face-to-face contact is one of the most important and efficient ways for people to convey their feelings, which connect people with their families and friends.

To sum up, electronic communication will never take the place of face-to-face contact and it is only a useful complement to face-to-face contact. After all, we all live in a real world, not a virtual one. 模拟试题

1、低碳生活

当今,一种叫做低碳生活的全新生活方式在全世界非常流行。人们相信如果消耗的资源少一些,生活环境就会好一些。

这种趋势的出现主要是由于地球环境趋于恶化。人类消耗能源,排放温室气体,而这些行为改变了地球气候并导致了一系列严重的后果。因此,每个人都有责任过低碳生活以保护我们的地球。

如何做到低碳生活呢?首先,政府应提倡每周一天无轿车日,因

11 为汽车不仅浪费能源而且会造成严重的空气污染。同时,应该鼓励市民乘坐公共交通工具,或者骑自行车、步行。另外,人们最好不要使用一次性塑料袋,而应该使用可重复利用的袋子。再者,我们应该在日常生活中尽最大的努力节约能源:在离开房间时关灯,及时关水龙头,重复利用课本等。

Low Carbon Life

Presently, a new lifestyle called low carbon life is spreading every corner of the world. People believe that if they consume less resource, the living conditions will be better.

The appearance of this trend is mainly due to the worsening environment on the earth. Human beings are exhausting the energy resource and emitting greenhouse gases, which changed the earth ’s climate and led to a series of serious consequences. Therefore, it ’s everyone ’s responsibility to live a low carbon life to protect our earth.

How do we realize it? In the first place, the government should advocate a no-car day every week, because cars not only waste energy but also cause serious air pollution. Citizens should be encouraged to take public transportation, or just ride a bike or walk. Besides, people had better not use disposable plastic bags but use bags which can be reused again and again. Moreover, we should try every means to save energy in our daily life. We ought to switch off the lights the moment we leave a room, turn off the tap in time, and reuse our textbooks and so on.

12 2、学术抄袭

如今,学术抄袭问题越来越严重。为了评职称,一些教师抄袭他人的学术论文;为了顺利毕业,一些大学生抄袭他人的毕业论文。每件事情的发生都有它的原因,学术抄袭也不例外。

首先,校方过分强调论文在职称评定和学生毕业方面的作用。第二,现代科技使信息和资料的获取变得前所未有地容易。一些剽窃者道德感缺失,抵制不住诱惑,于是选择铤而走险。第三,审查和惩罚制度远不够严厉,这在一定程度上也助长了抄袭现象。

抄袭导致许多不良后果。一方面,抄袭行为侵犯了原有原作者的权利,而且对那些没有抄袭的教师和学生是不公平的。另一方面,抄袭行为可能传播消极的思想,最终将会毁坏大学的声誉。因此,我建议校方不要把论文作为评估教师和学生的唯一标准。此外,应该实施更严格的审查和惩罚制度。

Academic Plagiarism

Nowadays, the problem of academic plagiarism becomes more and more serious. In order to earn academic titles, some teachers plagiarize other s’ academic papers; in order to graduate smoothly, some college students plagiarism is no exception.

First, college authorities put too much emphasis on papers while conferring academic titles and graduating students. Second, modern technology makes it unprecedentedly easy to get information and materials. Some plagiarists who are morally corrupt can ’t resist the

13 temptation and decide to take risks. Third, the system of censorship and penalty are far from being strict, encouraging plagiarism to some extent.

Plagiarism causes many bad results. On the one hand, plagiarism infringes original writers’ rights and it is unfair for teachers and students who don’t plagiarize. On the other hand, plagiarism may spread negative thoughts which in the end will ruin colleges’ fame. Therefore, I suggest college authorities should not regard papers as the only criterion for evaluating teachers and students. Besides, much stricter system of censorship and penalty should be applied.

3、张虹:

祝贺你被中国人民大学录取。在这里,我想和你分享我的一些关于大学学习的经验和观点。

大学学习和高中学习有很大的不同,主要表现在以下方面:首先,大学给予学生更多的自由并期望学生能为自己的决定、行为和生活方式负责。第二点主要不同在于教学方式。高中要求学生记忆大量知识,大学教授则致力于培养学生的批判思维能力和实际技能。当然,不同的教学方式和侧重点会使我们在大学采用不同的学习策略。

还记得第一学期时,我在适应新环境方面遇到了很多困难。之后为了达到课程要求并在截止日期前完成作业,我制定了自己的学习计划并坚持完成。当学习新知识前。我总是问自己“为什么”以及“怎么做”。除了独立阅读和思考,我发现与他人进行讨论有助于更好地理解(所学知识)。

14 祝福你的大学学习一帆风顺!

李明 Dear Zhang Hong,

Congratulations on your admission into Renmin University of China. Here I’d like to share with you some of my experience and opinions about college study.

College study differs greatly from high school in the following aspects. First, university allows students more freedom and expects them to take responsibility for their own decisions, actions and lifestyles. The second major difference lies in the way of teaching. We were supposed to develop students’ critical thinking and practical skills. Of course, different teaching approaches and focuses lead to different learning strategies in university.

I remember having a hard time adapting to the new environment in the first semester. In order to meet the course requirements and deadlines, I set up my own schedule and stick to it. Whenever we are to learn something new, I always ask myself why and how. Besides reading and thinking independently, I find discussion quite helpful for better understanding.

Best wishes for your university study!

Yours, Li Ming