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1 高三英语书面表达训练

一、高考书面表达得分要求:

第五档(很好25-30分)覆盖所有要点;应用较多的语法结构和词汇;允许有为使用高级结构所致的错误;有效地使用了语句间的连接成分。第四档(好19-24分)虽漏掉1、2个次重点,但覆盖所有主要内容;语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确,些许错误主要是因尝试复杂语法结构或词汇所致;应用简单的语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。第三档(适当13-18分)虽漏掉一些内容,但覆盖所有主要内容;有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,但不影响理解;-应用简单的语句间的连接成分,使全文内容连贯。第二档(较差7—12分)漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容,写了一些无关内容;语法结构单调,词汇知识有限;有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响了对写作内容的理解。较少使用语句间的连接成分,内容缺少连贯性。 第一档(差1-6分)明显遗漏主要内容,写一些无关内容,原因可能是未理解试题要求;语法结构单调、词汇项目有限;较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响对写作内容的理解;缺乏语句间的连接成分,内容不连贯。

二、帮你总结:

1. 高考作文一般以记叙文为主,记叙文以描写事件为主。

2.事件类作文选材比较广,可以是日记、札记、心得,也可以是新闻报道。事件类作文一般以时间为顺序。表达时间顺序的关联词有:soon, then, suddenly, at the same time, early, this morning /year, now, after, at present, later, afterwards finally, at last, all of a sudden, in the morning/afternoon/evening…

3.事件类作文一般围绕某一事件展开,注意6要素:时间(when )地点(where )人物(who )事件(what )为何(why )怎样(how )

4. 一般讲,事件描述常分为三部分:第一部分,点明所发生的事件。第二部分,具体描述所发生的事件。第三部分,可以写一些内心的感受、结论、观点等。

5. 议论文框架:

The topic of ①-----------------(主题)is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions about it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ②-----------------(支持A 的理由一)What is more, ③-------------理由二). Moreover, ④---------------(理由三).

While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,-----------------(支持B 的理由一). Secondly (besides),⑥------------------(理由二). Thirdly (finally),⑦------------------(理由三).

From my point of view, I think ⑧----------------(我的观点). The reason is that ⑨--------------------(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice .

6. 作文怎样拿高分? 1) 书写工整、美观,卷面干净;. 2)要点要全; 3)有效使用过渡词;

4) 采用各类高级表达; 5)下功夫写好开头和结尾。

2 书面表达的词汇准备

1. 举例 : for example , for instance , take…for example , such as , like , and so on , etc.

2. 说明 : that is to say , in other words , namely , etc.

3. 因果 : because , because of , for , thanks to , owing to , due to , on account of , so , therefore , as a result (of) , thus , etc.

4. 递进 : then , besides , in addition (to) , furthermore , moreover , what’s more ,

what ’s worse , worse still , etc.

5. 转折 : nevertheless (adv.尽管如此,然而,不过) , however , although , though ,

but , on the contrary , after all , oppositely , etc.

6. 总结 : in short , in a word , in general , generally speaking , finally , at last ,

as far as I know, in brief , briefly speaking , in the end , as a matter of fact , in fact , in reality , on the whole , in conclusion , on account of this , therefore ,etc.

7. 强调 : really , indeed , certainly , surely , for sure , above all , etc.

8. 对比 : in the same way , just as , in common with , similarly , compared with ,

on the one hand … on the other hand , for one thing … for another , likewise , etc.

9. 平行 : and , both … and … , as well as , as well , neither … nor … ,

either … or … , or , not only … but also… , etc.

10. 顺序 : A) (以时间为顺序)

① firstly, secondly , thirdly , finally ;

② in the first place , in the second place , in the third place, lastly ;

③ to begin with , then , furthermore , finally ;

④ to start with , next , in addition , finally ;

⑤ first and foremost(首要的是), besides , last but not least(最后一项要点) ⑥ most important of all , moreover , finally ;

B) (以空间为顺序)

in the front of , in front of , before , behind , at the back of ,

on the right/left of , to the right/left of , on the other side of ,

in the center of , in the middle of , at the beginning/end of ,

by the side of , on top of , at the foot of , at/on the bottom of , inside , outside , upstairs , downstairs , etc.

3 三、独立完成下面任务一:

(2010年北京)假设你是红星中学高二(1)班的学生李华,利用上周末的时间帮助祖父母安排了去北戴河的旅行。请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,写一篇英文周记,叙述你从准备到送行的全过程。

注意:1.周记的开头已为你写好。2.词数100字左右。

认真审题,完成以下问题:

1. 审题:找出作文要求中的关键词并下划线。

2. 人称 □第一人称 □第二人称 □第三人称

3.时态 □一般现在时 □一般过去时

4.写作顺序 □顺序 □倒叙 □插叙

5.过渡 □时间的转移 □地点的转移 □事件的变化

写出你可能用到的过渡词 _________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________

6. 文章的结构 □1段 □2段 □3段 □3段以上

每段大意 para.1_________________ para.2___________________

Para.3__________________ para.4___________________

7. 写出写作中你可能用到的词汇 ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 要求:在10分钟内完成初稿。

4

英语作文纸 班级 姓名 互评者姓名

Last weekend, I helped my grandparents prepare their trip to Beidaihe.

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